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  • Open Access


    Design and Experimental Testing of an Electric Field-Driven Droplet Injection Device

    Fulai Cao1,*, Yanpu Chao1,*, Hao Yi2,3, Shuai Lu1, Chengshui Guo4

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.11, pp. 2891-2905, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.029243

    Abstract The properties of droplets produced by existing on-demand injection systems are typically determined by the nozzle diameter, i.e., only droplets with size larger than this diameter can be obtained. To solve this problem, a system for electric field-driven droplet injection and deposition was developed, and the related performances were compared with those of a standard pneumatic system. The results show that the diameter of droplets generated accordingly can be significantly smaller than the nozzle diameter. In particular, the effects of frequency and duty ratio on the number of droplets were studied by assuming microcrystalline wax as work material. A deposition… More > Graphic Abstract

    Design and Experimental Testing of an Electric Field-Driven Droplet Injection Device

  • Open Access


    Effect of Velocity Ratio, Viscosity Ratio, Contact Angle, and Channel Size Ratio on Droplet Formation

    Mohammed Bourega*, Ibrahim Kromba, Khadidja Fellah Arbi, Sofiane Soulimane

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.10, pp. 2471-2480, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.028661

    Abstract This study uses a T-junction to examine the effects of different parameters (velocity ratio, viscosity, contact angle, and channel size ratio) on the generation of microdroplets, related rate, and size. More specifically, numerical simulations are exploited to investigate situations with a velocity varying from 0.004 to 1.6 m/s for the continuous phase and from 0.004 to 0.8 m/s for the dispersed phase, viscosity ratios (0.668, 1, 6.689, 10, 66.899), contact angle 80° < θ < 270° and four different canal size ratios (1, 1.5, 2 and 4). The results show that canal size influences droplet size and the generation rate.… More > Graphic Abstract

    Effect of Velocity Ratio, Viscosity Ratio, Contact Angle, and Channel Size Ratio on Droplet Formation

  • Open Access



    Fereshteh Salimi Nanadegani, Bengt Sunden*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.14, pp. 1-11, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.14.21

    Abstract In this experimental study, mass transfer and hydrodynamic parameters of water/kerosene/acetic acid system in a packed column were investigated, in which the mass transfer direction was set from the continuous phase (saturated water of kerosene and acetic acid) to the dispersed phase (saturated kerosene of water) in all the experiments. To assess the impact of nanoparticles on mass transfer, the experiments were performed in the presence of SiO2 nanoparticles and absence of the nanoparticles. The results showed that the addition of the nanoparticles to the base fluid (saturated kerosene of water) increased the mass transfer efficiency to the critical concentration,… More >

  • Open Access


    Kinetics of the ordered phase growth across the phase separation of a multi-component liquid crystalline mixture

    Sergei Bronnikov1, Sergei Kostromin, Vyacheslav Zuev

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.9, No.4, pp. 207-214, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.009.207

    Abstract Kinetics of the ordered phase growth in a melted multi-component liquid crystalline mixture subjected to a deep cooling was studied using polarizing optical microscopy. The droplets of the ordered phase revealed in the optical images across the phase transition were segmented and treated statistically. In the resulting histograms, two overlapping statistical ensembles related to two main components of the mixture were recognized. These ensembles were successfully described using principles of irreversible thermodynamics and the mean droplet diameters within both ensembles were determined. Analysis of the mean droplet diameter as a function of time allowed recognition of two regimes involved in… More >

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