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  • Open Access


    Influence of Various Earth-Retaining Walls on the Dynamic Response Comparison Based on 3D Modeling

    Muhammad Akbar1, Huali Pan1,*, Jiangcheng Huang2, Bilal Ahmed3, Guoqiang Ou1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2835-2863, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.046993

    Abstract The present work aims to assess earthquake-induced earth-retaining (ER) wall displacement. This study is on the dynamics analysis of various earth-retaining wall designs in hollow precast concrete panels, reinforcement concrete facing panels, and gravity-type earth-retaining walls. The finite element (FE) simulations utilized a 3D plane strain condition to model full-scale ER walls and numerous nonlinear dynamics analyses. The seismic performance of different models, which includes reinforcement concrete panels and gravity-type and hollow precast concrete ER walls, was simulated and examined using the FE approach. It also displays comparative studies such as stress distribution, deflection of the wall, acceleration across the… More >

  • Open Access


    Dynamic Response Impact of Vehicle Braking on Simply Supported Beam Bridges with Corrugated Steel Webs Based on Vehicle-Bridge Coupled Vibration Analysis

    Yan Wang*, Siwen Li, Na Wei

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 3467-3493, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.046454

    Abstract A novel approach for analyzing coupled vibrations between vehicles and bridges is presented, taking into account spatiotemporal effects and mechanical phenomena resulting from vehicle braking. Efficient modeling and solution of bridge vibrations induced by vehicle deceleration are realized using this method. The method’s validity and reliability are substantiated through numerical examples. A simply supported beam bridge with a corrugated steel web is taken as an example and the effects of parameters such as the initial vehicle speed, braking acceleration, braking location, and road surface roughness on the mid-span displacement and impact factor of the bridge are analyzed. The results show… More >

  • Open Access


    Dynamic Response of Rectangular Sandwich Tubes with Metal Foam Core Under Blast Loading

    Haoyuan Guo1, Jianxun Zhang1,2,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.4, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09071

    Abstract In this paper, the dynamic response of clamped rectangular sandwich tubes with metal foam core under transverse blast loading is studied by analytical analysis and FE simulation. It is assumed that the local denting occurs before the overall bending, and the local denting leads to the reduction of the fully plastic bending moment of cross-section. First, based on the modified solution for the maximum deflection of the solid beam under transverse blast loading, a semiempirical analytical solution for the dynamic response of rectangular hollow metal tube is given subjected to transverse blast loading considering local denting effect and combined axial… More >

  • Open Access


    Ice-Induced Vibrational Response of Single-Pile Offshore Wind-Turbine Foundations

    Zhoujie Zhu1, Gang Wang1, Qingquan Liu1, Guojun Wang2, Rui Dong2, Dayong Zhang2,3,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.3, pp. 625-639, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.042128

    Abstract Important challenges must be addressed to make wind turbines sustainable renewable energy sources. A typical problem concerns the design of the foundation. If the pile diameter is larger than that of the jacket platform, traditional mechanical models cannot be used. In this study, relying on the seabed soil data of an offshore wind farm, the m-method and the equivalent embedded method are used to address the single-pile wind turbine foundation problem for different pile diameters. An approach to determine the equivalent pile length is also proposed accordingly. The results provide evidence for the effectiveness and reliability of the model based… More >

  • Open Access


    Dynamic Response Analysis of Semi-Submersible Floating Wind Turbine with Different Wave Conditions

    Mingzhen Jiang1, Guanghui Qiao2, Jiwen Chen3, Xuemei Huang1,4,*, Leian Zhang1,4, Yongshuang Wen1, Yuhuan Zhang1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.11, pp. 2531-2545, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029702

    Abstract To address the problem of poor wave resistance of existing offshore floating wind turbines, a new type of semi-submersible platform with truncated-cone-type upper pontoons is proposed by combining the characteristics of offshore wind turbine semi-submersible floating platforms. Based on the coupled hydrodynamic, aerodynamic, and mooring force physical fields of FAST, the surge, heave, pitch, and yaw motions responses of the floating wind turbine under different wave heights and periods are obtained, and the mooring line tension responses are also obtained; and compare the dynamic response of the new semi-submersible platform with the OC4-DeepCwind platform at six degrees of freedom. The… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparison Study and Forensic Analysis between Experiment and Coupled Dynamics Simulation for Submerged Floating Tunnel Segment with Free Ends under Wave Excitations

    Woo Chul Chung1, Chungkuk Jin2,*, MooHyun Kim3, Ju-young Hwang4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.1, pp. 155-174, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.026754

    Abstract This paper presents dynamic-behavior comparisons and related forensic analyses of a submerged floating tunnel (SFT) between numerical simulation and physical experiment under regular and irregular waves. The experiments are conducted in the 3D wave tank with 1:33.3 scale, and the corresponding coupled time-domain simulation tool is devised for comparison. The entire SFT system consists of a long concrete tunnel and 12 tubular aluminum mooring lines. Two numerical simulation models, the Cummins equation with 3D potential theory including second-order wave-body interaction effects and the much simpler Morison-equation-based formula with the lumped-mass-based line model, are designed and compared. Forensic analyses for mooring-line… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on the Dynamic Response of Submerged Floating Tunnels to Wave Currents and Traffic Load

    Bolin Jiang1,*, Shanshan Wu2, Min Ji1, Bo Liang3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 159-173, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.020730

    Abstract Submerged floating tunnel (SFTs) are typically subjected to complex external environmental and internal loads such as wave currents and traffic load. In this study, this problem is investigated through a finite element method able to account for fluid-structure interaction. The obtained results show that increasing the number of vehicles per unit length enhances the transverse vibrational displacements of the SFT cross sections. Under ultimate traffic load condition, one-way and two-way syntropic distributions can promote the dynamic responses of SFTs whereas two-way reverse distributions have the opposite effect. More >

  • Open Access


    Dynamic-Response Analysis of the Branch System of a Utility Tunnel Subjected to Near-Fault and Far-Field Ground Motions in Different Input Mechanisms

    Yuhang Jin1,2, Endong Guo1,2,*, Houli Wu1,2, peilei Yan1,2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.130, No.1, pp. 167-186, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.018113

    Abstract There are few studies on the dynamic-response mechanism of near-fault and far-field ground motions for large underground structures, especially for the branch joint of a utility tunnel (UT) and its internal pipeline. Based on the theory of a 3D viscous-spring artificial boundary, this paper deduced the equivalent nodal force when a P wave and an SV wave were vertically incident at the same time and transformed the ground motion into an equivalent nodal force using a self-developed MATLAB program, which was applied to an ABAQUS finite element model. Based on near-fault and far-field ground motions obtained from the NGA-WEST2 database,… More >

  • Open Access


    Hemodynamic Response Detection Using Integrated EEG-fNIRS-VPA for BCI

    Arshia Arif1, M. Jawad Khan1,2,*, Kashif Javed1, Hasan Sajid1,2, Saddaf Rubab1, Noman Naseer3, Talha Irfan Khan4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 535-555, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.018318

    Abstract For BCI systems, it is important to have an accurate and less complex architecture to control a device with enhanced accuracy. In this paper, a novel methodology for more accurate detection of the hemodynamic response has been developed using a multimodal brain-computer interface (BCI). An integrated classifier has been developed for achieving better classification accuracy using two modalities. An integrated EEG-fNIRS-based vector-phase analysis (VPA) has been conducted. An open-source dataset collected at the Technische Universität Berlin, including simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) signals of 26 healthy participants during n-back tests, has been used for this research. Instrumental… More >

  • Open Access


    Dynamic Characteristics Analysis of Ice-Adhesion Transmission Tower-Line System under Effect of Wind-Induced Ice Shedding

    Yongping Yu1, Lihui Chen1, Juanjuan Wang1, Guoji Liu2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.2, pp. 647-670, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.011067

    Abstract The tower line system will be in an unsafe status due to uniform or uneven fall of ice coating which is attached to the surface of tower and lines. The fall of ice could be caused by wind action or thermal force. In order to study the dynamic characteristics of the self-failure of the transmission line under the action of dynamic wind load, a finite element model of the two-span transmission tower line system was established. The birth and death element methods are used to simulate the icing and shedding of the line. Tensile failure strength is the shedding criterion… More >

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