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  • Open Access


    Adaptive Route Sink Relocation Using Cluster Head Chain Cycling Model in WSN

    M. Sudha1,*, P. Shanmugapriya2, Rami Q. Malik3, Ahmed Alkhayyat4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 1811-1826, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.032265

    Abstract Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) have revolutionized the processes involved in industrial communication. However, the most important challenge faced by WSN sensors is the presence of limited energy. Multiple research investigations have been conducted so far on how to prolong the energy in WSN. This phenomenon is a result of inability of the network to have battery powered-sensor terminal. Energy-efficient routing on packet flow is a parallel phenomenon to delay nature, whereas the primary energy gets wasted as a result of WSN holes. Energy holes are present in the vicinity of sink and it is an important efficient-routing protocol for WSNs.… More >

  • Open Access


    Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol with Multi-Hop Fuzzy Logic for Wireless Networks

    J. Gobinath1,*, S. Hemajothi2, J. S. Leena Jasmine3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 2457-2471, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.031171

    Abstract A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) becomes a newer type of real-time embedded device that can be utilized for a wide range of applications that make regular networking which appears impracticable. Concerning the energy production of the nodes, WSN has major issues that may influence the stability of the system. As a result, constructing WSN requires devising protocols and standards that make the most use of constrained capacity, especially the energy resources. WSN faces some issues with increased power utilization and an on going development due to the uneven energy usage between the nodes. Clustering has proven to be a more… More >

  • Open Access


    CEER: Cooperative Energy-Efficient Routing Mechanism for Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks Using Clusters

    Sayyed Mudassar Shah1, Tariq Hussain2, Babar Shah3, Farman Ali4, Khalid Zaman1, Kyung-Sup Kwak5,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.3, pp. 2587-2602, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034489

    Abstract Underwater acoustic sensor networks (UWASNs) aim to find varied offshore ocean monitoring and exploration applications. In most of these applications, the network is composed of several sensor nodes deployed at different depths in the water. Sensor nodes located at depth on the seafloor cannot invariably communicate with nodes close to the surface level; these nodes need multi-hop communication facilitated by a suitable routing scheme. In this research work, a Cluster-based Cooperative Energy Efficient Routing (CEER) mechanism for UWSNs is proposed to overcome the shortcomings of the Co-UWSN and LEACH mechanisms. The optimal role of clustering and cooperation provides load balancing… More >

  • Open Access


    Energy-Efficient Routing Using Novel Optimization with Tabu Techniques for Wireless Sensor Network

    Manar Ahmed Hamza1,2,*, Aisha Hassan Abdalla Hashim1, Dalia H. Elkamchouchi3, Nadhem Nemri4, Jaber S. Alzahrani5, Amira Sayed A. Aziz6, Mnahel Ahmed Ibrahim7, Abdelwahed Motwakel2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.2, pp. 1711-1726, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.031467

    Abstract Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) consists of a group of limited energy source sensors that are installed in a particular region to collect data from the environment. Designing the energy-efficient data collection methods in large-scale wireless sensor networks is considered to be a difficult area in the research. Sensor node clustering is a popular approach for WSN. Moreover, the sensor nodes are grouped to form clusters in a cluster-based WSN environment. The battery performance of the sensor nodes is likewise constrained. As a result, the energy efficiency of WSNs is critical. In specific, the energy usage is influenced by the loads… More >

  • Open Access


    Energy-Efficient Routing Algorithm Based on Small-World Characteristics

    Qian Sun1,2, Gongxue Cheng1,2, Xiaoyi Wang1,2,*, Jiping Xu1,2, Li Wang1,2, Huiyan Zhang1,2, Jiabin Yu1,2, Ning Cao3, Ruichao Wang4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.2, pp. 2749-2759, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.018633

    Abstract Water quality sensor networks are widely used in water resource monitoring. However, due to the fact that the energy of these networks cannot be supplemented in time, it is necessary to study effective routing protocols to extend their lifecycle. To address the problem of limited resources, a routing optimization algorithm based on a small-world network model is proposed. In this paper, a small-world network model is introduced for water quality sensor networks, in which the short average path and large clustering coefficient of the model are used to construct a super link. A short average path can reduce the network’s… More >

  • Open Access


    LOA-RPL: Novel Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol for the Internet of Things Using Lion Optimization Algorithm to Maximize Network Lifetime

    Sankar Sennan1, Somula Ramasubbareddy2, Anand Nayyar3,4, Yunyoung Nam5,*, Mohamed Abouhawwash6,7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.1, pp. 351-371, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017360

    Abstract Energy conservation is a significant task in the Internet of Things (IoT) because IoT involves highly resource-constrained devices. Clustering is an effective technique for saving energy by reducing duplicate data. In a clustering protocol, the selection of a cluster head (CH) plays a key role in prolonging the lifetime of a network. However, most cluster-based protocols, including routing protocols for low-power and lossy networks (RPLs), have used fuzzy logic and probabilistic approaches to select the CH node. Consequently, early battery depletion is produced near the sink. To overcome this issue, a lion optimization algorithm (LOA) for selecting CH in RPL… More >

  • Open Access


    Energy-Efficient Routing Algorithm Based on Multipath Routing in Large-Scale Networks

    Haijun Geng1, Qidong Zhang1, Jiangyuan Yao2,*, Wei Wang1, Zikun Jin1, Han Zhang3, Yangyang Zhang4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.2, pp. 2029-2039, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016368

    Abstract A reduction in network energy consumption and the establishment of green networks have become key scientific problems in academic and industrial research. Existing energy efficiency schemes are based on a known traffic matrix, and acquiring a real-time traffic matrix in current complex networks is difficult. Therefore, this research investigates how to reduce network energy consumption without a real-time traffic matrix. In particular, this paper proposes an intra-domain energy-efficient routing scheme based on multipath routing. It analyzes the relationship between routing availability and energy-efficient routing and integrates the two mechanisms to satisfy the requirements of availability and energy efficiency. The main… More >

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