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  • Open Access


    Investigating Periodic Dependencies to Improve Short-Term Load Forecasting

    Jialin Yu1,*, Xiaodi Zhang2, Qi Zhong1, Jian Feng1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.3, pp. 789-806, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043299

    Abstract With a further increase in energy flexibility for customers, short-term load forecasting is essential to provide benchmarks for economic dispatch and real-time alerts in power grids. The electrical load series exhibit periodic patterns and share high associations with metrological data. However, current studies have merely focused on point-wise models and failed to sufficiently investigate the periodic patterns of load series, which hinders the further improvement of short-term load forecasting accuracy. Therefore, this paper improved Autoformer to extract the periodic patterns of load series and learn a representative feature from deep decomposition and reconstruction. In addition, a novel multi-factor attention mechanism… More >

  • Open Access


    A Measurement Study of the Ethereum Underlying P2P Network

    Mohammad Z. Masoud1, Yousef Jaradat1, Ahmad Manasrah2, Mohammad Alia3, Khaled Suwais4,*, Sally Almanasra4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 515-532, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.044504

    Abstract This work carried out a measurement study of the Ethereum Peer-to-Peer (P2P) network to gain a better understanding of the underlying nodes. Ethereum was applied because it pioneered distributed applications, smart contracts, and Web3. Moreover, its application layer language “Solidity” is widely used in smart contracts across different public and private blockchains. To this end, we wrote a new Ethereum client based on Geth to collect Ethereum node information. Moreover, various web scrapers have been written to collect nodes’ historical data from the Internet Archive and the Wayback Machine project. The collected data has been compared with two other services… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Autoencoder-Based Hybrid Network for Building Energy Consumption Forecasting

    Noman Khan1,2, Samee Ullah Khan1,2, Sung Wook Baik1,2,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 153-173, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039407

    Abstract Energy management systems for residential and commercial buildings must use an appropriate and efficient model to predict energy consumption accurately. To deal with the challenges in power management, the short-term Power Consumption (PC) prediction for household appliances plays a vital role in improving domestic and commercial energy efficiency. Big data applications and analytics have shown that data-driven load forecasting approaches can forecast PC in commercial and residential sectors and recognize patterns of electric usage in complex conditions. However, traditional Machine Learning (ML) algorithms and their features engineering procedure emphasize the practice of inefficient and ineffective techniques resulting in poor generalization.… More >

  • Open Access


    CALTM: A Context-Aware Long-Term Time-Series Forecasting Model

    Canghong Jin1,*, Jiapeng Chen1, Shuyu Wu1, Hao Wu2, Shuoping Wang1, Jing Ying3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 873-891, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.043230

    Abstract Time series data plays a crucial role in intelligent transportation systems. Traffic flow forecasting represents a precise estimation of future traffic flow within a specific region and time interval. Existing approaches, including sequence periodic, regression, and deep learning models, have shown promising results in short-term series forecasting. However, forecasting scenarios specifically focused on holiday traffic flow present unique challenges, such as distinct traffic patterns during vacations and the increased demand for long-term forecastings. Consequently, the effectiveness of existing methods diminishes in such scenarios. Therefore, we propose a novel long-term forecasting model based on scene matching and embedding fusion representation to… More >

  • Open Access


    An Optimized System of Random Forest Model by Global Harmony Search with Generalized Opposition-Based Learning for Forecasting TBM Advance Rate

    Yingui Qiu1, Shuai Huang1, Danial Jahed Armaghani2, Biswajeet Pradhan3, Annan Zhou4, Jian Zhou1,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2873-2897, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029938

    Abstract As massive underground projects have become popular in dense urban cities, a problem has arisen: which model predicts the best for Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) performance in these tunneling projects? However, performance level of TBMs in complex geological conditions is still a great challenge for practitioners and researchers. On the other hand, a reliable and accurate prediction of TBM performance is essential to planning an applicable tunnel construction schedule. The performance of TBM is very difficult to estimate due to various geotechnical and geological factors and machine specifications. The previously-proposed intelligent techniques in this field are mostly based on a… More >

  • Open Access


    Short-Term Wind Power Prediction Based on ICEEMDAN-SE-LSTM Neural Network Model with Classifying Seasonal

    Shumin Sun1, Peng Yu1, Jiawei Xing1, Yan Cheng1, Song Yang1, Qian Ai2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.12, pp. 2761-2782, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042635

    Abstract Wind power prediction is very important for the economic dispatching of power systems containing wind power. In this work, a novel short-term wind power prediction method based on improved complete ensemble empirical mode decomposition with adaptive noise (ICEEMDAN) and (long short-term memory) LSTM neural network is proposed and studied. First, the original data is prepossessed including removing outliers and filling in the gaps. Then, the random forest algorithm is used to sort the importance of each meteorological factor and determine the input climate characteristics of the forecast model. In addition, this study conducts seasonal classification of the annual data where… More >

  • Open Access


    Decentralized Heterogeneous Federal Distillation Learning Based on Blockchain

    Hong Zhu*, Lisha Gao, Yitian Sha, Nan Xiang, Yue Wu, Shuo Han

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 3363-3377, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040731

    Abstract Load forecasting is a crucial aspect of intelligent Virtual Power Plant (VPP) management and a means of balancing the relationship between distributed power grids and traditional power grids. However, due to the continuous emergence of power consumption peaks, the power supply quality of the power grid cannot be guaranteed. Therefore, an intelligent calculation method is required to effectively predict the load, enabling better power grid dispatching and ensuring the stable operation of the power grid. This paper proposes a decentralized heterogeneous federated distillation learning algorithm (DHFDL) to promote trusted federated learning (FL) between different federates in the blockchain. The algorithm… More >

  • Open Access


    CT-NET: A Novel Convolutional Transformer-Based Network for Short-Term Solar Energy Forecasting Using Climatic Information

    Muhammad Munsif1,2, Fath U Min Ullah1,2, Samee Ullah Khan1,2, Noman Khan1,2, Sung Wook Baik1,2,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1751-1773, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.038514

    Abstract Photovoltaic (PV) systems are environmentally friendly, generate green energy, and receive support from policies and organizations. However, weather fluctuations make large-scale PV power integration and management challenging despite the economic benefits. Existing PV forecasting techniques (sequential and convolutional neural networks (CNN)) are sensitive to environmental conditions, reducing energy distribution system performance. To handle these issues, this article proposes an efficient, weather-resilient convolutional-transformer-based network (CT-NET) for accurate and efficient PV power forecasting. The network consists of three main modules. First, the acquired PV generation data are forwarded to the pre-processing module for data refinement. Next, to carry out data encoding, a… More >

  • Open Access


    Hybridized Intelligent Neural Network Optimization Model for Forecasting Prices of Rubber in Malaysia

    Shehab Abdulhabib Alzaeemi1, Saratha Sathasivam2,*, Majid Khan bin Majahar Ali2, K. G. Tay1, Muraly Velavan3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1471-1491, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037366

    Abstract Rubber producers, consumers, traders, and those who are involved in the rubber industry face major risks of rubber price fluctuations. As a result, decision-makers are required to make an accurate estimation of the price of rubber. This paper aims to propose hybrid intelligent models, which can be utilized to forecast the price of rubber in Malaysia by employing monthly Malaysia’s rubber pricing data, spanning from January 2016 to March 2021. The projected hybrid model consists of different algorithms with the symbolic Radial Basis Functions Neural Network k-Satisfiability Logic Mining (RBFNN-kSAT). These algorithms, including Grey Wolf Optimization Algorithm, Artificial Bee Colony… More >

  • Open Access


    Recent Advances of Deep Learning in Geological Hazard Forecasting

    Jiaqi Wang1, Pengfei Sun1, Leilei Chen2, Jianfeng Yang3, Zhenghe Liu1, Haojie Lian1,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.2, pp. 1381-1418, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.023693

    Abstract Geological hazard is an adverse geological condition that can cause loss of life and property. Accurate prediction and analysis of geological hazards is an important and challenging task. In the past decade, there has been a great expansion of geohazard detection data and advancement in data-driven simulation techniques. In particular, great efforts have been made in applying deep learning to predict geohazards. To understand the recent progress in this field, this paper provides an overview of the commonly used data sources and deep neural networks in the prediction of a variety of geological hazards. More >

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