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  • Open Access


    ASLP-DL —A Novel Approach Employing Lightweight Deep Learning Framework for Optimizing Accident Severity Level Prediction

    Saba Awan1,*, Zahid Mehmood2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2535-2555, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047337

    Abstract Highway safety researchers focus on crash injury severity, utilizing deep learning—specifically, deep neural networks (DNN), deep convolutional neural networks (D-CNN), and deep recurrent neural networks (D-RNN)—as the preferred method for modeling accident severity. Deep learning’s strength lies in handling intricate relationships within extensive datasets, making it popular for accident severity level (ASL) prediction and classification. Despite prior success, there is a need for an efficient system recognizing ASL in diverse road conditions. To address this, we present an innovative Accident Severity Level Prediction Deep Learning (ASLP-DL) framework, incorporating DNN, D-CNN, and D-RNN models fine-tuned through iterative hyperparameter selection with Stochastic… More >

  • Open Access


    A Review of Lightweight Security and Privacy for Resource-Constrained IoT Devices

    Sunil Kumar1, Dilip Kumar1, Ramraj Dangi2, Gaurav Choudhary3, Nicola Dragoni4, Ilsun You5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 31-63, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.047084

    Abstract The widespread and growing interest in the Internet of Things (IoT) may be attributed to its usefulness in many different fields. Physical settings are probed for data, which is then transferred via linked networks. There are several hurdles to overcome when putting IoT into practice, from managing server infrastructure to coordinating the use of tiny sensors. When it comes to deploying IoT, everyone agrees that security is the biggest issue. This is due to the fact that a large number of IoT devices exist in the physical world and that many of them have constrained resources such as electricity, memory,… More >

  • Open Access


    Lightweight Intrusion Detection Using Reservoir Computing

    Jiarui Deng1,2, Wuqiang Shen1,3, Yihua Feng4, Guosheng Lu5, Guiquan Shen1,3, Lei Cui1,3, Shanxiang Lyu1,2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1345-1361, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.047079

    Abstract The blockchain-empowered Internet of Vehicles (IoV) enables various services and achieves data security and privacy, significantly advancing modern vehicle systems. However, the increased frequency of data transmission and complex network connections among nodes also make them more susceptible to adversarial attacks. As a result, an efficient intrusion detection system (IDS) becomes crucial for securing the IoV environment. Existing IDSs based on convolutional neural networks (CNN) often suffer from high training time and storage requirements. In this paper, we propose a lightweight IDS solution to protect IoV against both intra-vehicle and external threats. Our approach achieves superior performance, as demonstrated by… More >

  • Open Access


    Lightweight Malicious Code Classification Method Based on Improved SqueezeNet

    Li Li*, Youran Kong, Qing Zhang

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 551-567, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045512

    Abstract With the growth of the Internet, more and more business is being done online, for example, online offices, online education and so on. While this makes people’s lives more convenient, it also increases the risk of the network being attacked by malicious code. Therefore, it is important to identify malicious codes on computer systems efficiently. However, most of the existing malicious code detection methods have two problems: (1) The ability of the model to extract features is weak, resulting in poor model performance. (2) The large scale of model data leads to difficulties deploying on devices with limited resources. Therefore,… More >

  • Open Access


    Design of a Lightweight Compressed Video Stream-Based Patient Activity Monitoring System

    Sangeeta Yadav1, Preeti Gulia1,*, Nasib Singh Gill1,*, Piyush Kumar Shukla2, Arfat Ahmad Khan3, Sultan Alharby4, Ahmed Alhussen4, Mohd Anul Haq5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1253-1274, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042869

    Abstract Inpatient falls from beds in hospitals are a common problem. Such falls may result in severe injuries. This problem can be addressed by continuous monitoring of patients using cameras. Recent advancements in deep learning-based video analytics have made this task of fall detection more effective and efficient. Along with fall detection, monitoring of different activities of the patients is also of significant concern to assess the improvement in their health. High computation-intensive models are required to monitor every action of the patient precisely. This requirement limits the applicability of such networks. Hence, to keep the model lightweight, the already designed… More >

  • Open Access


    Multi-Scale Design and Optimization of Composite Material Structure for Heavy-Duty Truck Protection Device

    Yanhui Zhang1, Lianhua Ma1, Hailiang Su1,2,3,*, Jirong Qin2, Zhining Chen2, Kaibiao Deng1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1961-1980, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045570

    Abstract In this paper, to present a lightweight-developed front underrun protection device (FUPD) for heavy-duty trucks, plain weave carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) is used instead of the original high-strength steel. First, the mechanical and structural properties of plain carbon fiber composite anti-collision beams are comparatively analyzed from a multi-scale perspective. For studying the design capability of carbon fiber composite materials, we investigate the effects of TC-33 carbon fiber diameter (D), fiber yarn width (W) and height (H), and fiber yarn density (N) on the front underrun protective beam of carbon fiber composite materials. Based on the investigation, a material-structure matching… More >

  • Open Access


    RLAT: Lightweight Transformer for High-Resolution Range Profile Sequence Recognition

    Xiaodan Wang*, Peng Wang, Yafei Song, Qian Xiang, Jingtai Li

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 217-246, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039846

    Abstract High-resolution range profile (HRRP) automatic recognition has been widely applied to military and civilian domains. Present HRRP recognition methods have difficulty extracting deep and global information about the HRRP sequence, which performs poorly in real scenes due to the ambient noise, variant targets, and limited data. Moreover, most existing methods improve the recognition performance by stacking a large number of modules, but ignore the lightweight of methods, resulting in over-parameterization and complex computational effort, which will be challenging to meet the deployment and application on edge devices. To tackle the above problems, this paper proposes an HRRP sequence recognition method… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Simulations of the Flow Field around a Cylindrical Lightning Rod

    Wei Guo1, Yanliang Liu1, Xuqiang Wang1, Jiazheng Meng2, Mengqin Hu2, Bo He2,*

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 19-35, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.042944

    Abstract As an important lightning protection device in substations, lightning rods are susceptible to vibration and potential structural damage under wind loads. In order to understand their vibration mechanism, it is necessary to conduct flow analysis. In this study, numerical simulations of the flow field around a 330 kV cylindrical lightning rod with different diameters were performed using the SST k-ω model. The flow patterns in different segments of the lightning rod at the same reference wind speed (wind speed at a height of 10 m) and the flow patterns in the same segment at different reference wind speeds were investigated. The variations… More >

  • Open Access


    Robust Facial Biometric Authentication System Using Pupillary Light Reflex for Liveness Detection of Facial Images

    Puja S. Prasad1, Adepu Sree Lakshmi1, Sandeep Kautish2, Simar Preet Singh3, Rajesh Kumar Shrivastava3, Abdulaziz S. Almazyad4, Hossam M. Zawbaa5, Ali Wagdy Mohamed6,7,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 725-739, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030640

    Abstract Pupil dynamics are the important characteristics of face spoofing detection. The face recognition system is one of the most used biometrics for authenticating individual identity. The main threats to the facial recognition system are different types of presentation attacks like print attacks, 3D mask attacks, replay attacks, etc. The proposed model uses pupil characteristics for liveness detection during the authentication process. The pupillary light reflex is an involuntary reaction controlling the pupil’s diameter at different light intensities. The proposed framework consists of two-phase methodologies. In the first phase, the pupil’s diameter is calculated by applying stimulus (light) in one eye… More >

  • Open Access


    A Lightweight Deep Learning-Based Model for Tomato Leaf Disease Classification

    Naeem Ullah1, Javed Ali Khan2,*, Sultan Almakdi3, Mohammed S. Alshehri3, Mimonah Al Qathrady4, Eman Abdullah Aldakheel5,*, Doaa Sami Khafaga5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 3969-3992, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041819

    Abstract Tomato leaf diseases significantly impact crop production, necessitating early detection for sustainable farming. Deep Learning (DL) has recently shown excellent results in identifying and classifying tomato leaf diseases. However, current DL methods often require substantial computational resources, hindering their application on resource-constrained devices. We propose the Deep Tomato Detection Network (DTomatoDNet), a lightweight DL-based framework comprising 19 learnable layers for efficient tomato leaf disease classification to overcome this. The Convn kernels used in the proposed (DTomatoDNet) framework is 1 × 1, which reduces the number of parameters and helps in more detailed and descriptive feature extraction for classification. The proposed DTomatoDNet model… More >

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