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Effect of Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) on Growth, Mineral Composition, and Nutritional Value of Wheat & Lentil Sprouts

Abdul Momin1, Amana Khatoon1,*, Wajahat Khan1, Dilsat Bozdoğan Konuşkan2, Muhammad Mudasar Aslam3, Muhammad Jamil4, Shafiq Ur Rehman5, Baber Ali6, Alevcan Kaplan7, Sana Wahab8, Muhammad Nauman Khan9,*, Sezai Ercisli10,11, Mohammad Khalid Al-Sadoon12

1 Department of Botany, Kohat University of Science & Technology, Kohat, 26000, Pakistan
2 Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, 31000, Türkiye
3 Department of Botany, University of Science & Technology, Bannu, 28100, Pakistan
4 Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Kohat University of Science & Technology, Kohat, 26000, Pakistan
5 Department of Biology, University of Haripur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 22620, Pakistan
6 School of Science, Western Sydney University, Penrith, New South Wales, 2151, Australia
7 Department of Crop and Animal Production, Sason Vocational School, Batman University, Batman, 72060, Türkiye
8 Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan
9 Department of Botany, Islamia College Peshawar, Peshawar, 25120, Pakistan
10 Department of Horticulture, Agricultural Faculty, Ataturk University, Erzurum, 25240, Türkiye
11 HGF Agro, Ata Teknokent, Erzurum, TR-25240, Türkiye
12 Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11451, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Authors: Amana Khatoon. Email: email; Muhammad Nauman Khan. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Integrated Nutrient Management in Cereal Crops)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2024, 93(6), 1117-1128. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.048994

Abstract

Sprouts are ready-to-eat and are recognized worldwide as functional components of the human diet. Recent advances in innovative agricultural techniques could enable an increase in the production of healthy food. The use of light-emitting diode (LED) in indoor agricultural production could alter the biological feedback loop, increasing the functional benefits of plant foods such as wheat and lentil sprouts and promoting the bioavailability of nutrients. The effects of white (W), red (R), and blue (B) light were investigated on the growth parameters and nutritional value of wheat and lentil sprouts. In the laboratory, seeds were sown under three different LED treatments: white, red, and blue light, while normal incandescent light served as a control. Percentage seed germination improved by 18.34% and 12.67% for wheat and 18.34% and 12.67% for lentil sprouts under LED treatments R and B, respectively. An increase in total soluble protein and sugar by 33.4% and 9.23% in wheat and by 31.5% and 5.87% in lentils was observed under the R LED treatment. Vitamin C concentrations in wheat and lentils were significantly increased by R LED compared to all other treatments. Other parameters, including potassium and sodium concentrations, were significantly increased under red and blue light compared to the control; white light, on the other hand, significantly decreased all these parameters. According to the experimental data, red and blue LED light could be beneficial in the production of functional wheat and lentil sprouts with high nutrient concentrations.

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APA Style
Momin, A., Khatoon, A., Khan, W., Konuşkan, D.B., Aslam, M.M. et al. (2024). Effect of light emitting diodes (leds) on growth, mineral composition, and nutritional value of wheat & lentil sprouts. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 93(6), 1117-1128. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.048994
Vancouver Style
Momin A, Khatoon A, Khan W, Konuşkan DB, Aslam MM, Jamil M, et al. Effect of light emitting diodes (leds) on growth, mineral composition, and nutritional value of wheat & lentil sprouts. Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2024;93(6):1117-1128 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.048994
IEEE Style
A. Momin et al., "Effect of Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) on Growth, Mineral Composition, and Nutritional Value of Wheat & Lentil Sprouts," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 93, no. 6, pp. 1117-1128. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.048994



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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