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  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    A Review of Hybrid Cyber Threats Modelling and Detection Using Artificial Intelligence in IIoT

    Yifan Liu1, Shancang Li1,*, Xinheng Wang2, Li Xu3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1233-1261, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.046473

    Abstract The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) has brought numerous benefits, such as improved efficiency, smart analytics, and increased automation. However, it also exposes connected devices, users, applications, and data generated to cyber security threats that need to be addressed. This work investigates hybrid cyber threats (HCTs), which are now working on an entirely new level with the increasingly adopted IIoT. This work focuses on emerging methods to model, detect, and defend against hybrid cyber attacks using machine learning (ML) techniques. Specifically, a novel ML-based HCT modelling and analysis framework was proposed, in which regularisation and Random Forest were More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Online Fake Review Detection Approach Using Famous Machine Learning Algorithms

    Asma Hassan Alshehri*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2767-2786, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046838

    Abstract Online review platforms are becoming increasingly popular, encouraging dishonest merchants and service providers to deceive customers by creating fake reviews for their goods or services. Using Sybil accounts, bot farms, and real account purchases, immoral actors demonize rivals and advertise their goods. Most academic and industry efforts have been aimed at detecting fake/fraudulent product or service evaluations for years. The primary hurdle to identifying fraudulent reviews is the lack of a reliable means to distinguish fraudulent reviews from real ones. This paper adopts a semi-supervised machine learning method to detect fake reviews on any website, More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Work Review on Clinical Laboratory Data Utilizing Machine Learning Use-Case Methodology

    Uma Ramasamy*, Sundar Santhoshkumar

    Journal of Intelligent Medicine and Healthcare, Vol.2, pp. 1-14, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jimh.2023.046995

    Abstract More than 140 autoimmune diseases have distinct autoantibodies and symptoms, and it makes it challenging to construct an appropriate model using Machine Learning (ML) for autoimmune disease. Arthritis-related autoimmunity requires special attention. Although many conventional biomarkers for arthritis have been established, more biomarkers of arthritis autoimmune diseases remain to be identified. This review focuses on the research conducted using data obtained from clinical laboratory testing of real-time arthritis patients. The collected data is labelled the Arthritis Profile Data (APD) dataset. The APD dataset is the retrospective data with many missing values. We undertook a comprehensive… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Force Sensitive Resistors-Based Real-Time Posture Detection System Using Machine Learning Algorithms

    Arsal Javaid1, Areeb Abbas1, Jehangir Arshad1, Mohammad Khalid Imam Rahmani2,*, Sohaib Tahir Chauhdary3, Mujtaba Hussain Jaffery1, Abdulbasid S. Banga2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1795-1814, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.044140

    Abstract To detect the improper sitting posture of a person sitting on a chair, a posture detection system using machine learning classification has been proposed in this work. The addressed problem correlates to the third Sustainable Development Goal (SDG), ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all ages, as specified by the World Health Organization (WHO). An improper sitting position can be fatal if one sits for a long time in the wrong position, and it can be dangerous for ulcers and lower spine discomfort. This novel study includes a practical implementation of a cushion consisting… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Convolutional Neural Network Model for Fire Detection in Real-Time Environment

    Abdul Rehman, Dongsun Kim*, Anand Paul

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2289-2307, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.036435

    Abstract Disasters such as conflagration, toxic smoke, harmful gas or chemical leakage, and many other catastrophes in the industrial environment caused by hazardous distance from the peril are frequent. The calamities are causing massive fiscal and human life casualties. However, Wireless Sensors Network-based adroit monitoring and early warning of these dangerous incidents will hamper fiscal and social fiasco. The authors have proposed an early fire detection system uses machine and/or deep learning algorithms. The article presents an Intelligent Industrial Monitoring System (IIMS) and introduces an Industrial Smart Social Agent (ISSA) in the Industrial SIoT (ISIoT) paradigm.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Enhanced Automatic Arabic Essay Scoring System Based on Machine Learning Algorithms

    Nourmeen Lotfy1, Abdulaziz Shehab1,2,*, Mohammed Elhoseny1,3, Ahmed Abu-Elfetouh1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 1227-1249, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039185

    Abstract Despite the extensive effort to improve intelligent educational tools for smart learning environments, automatic Arabic essay scoring remains a big research challenge. The nature of the writing style of the Arabic language makes the problem even more complicated. This study designs, implements, and evaluates an automatic Arabic essay scoring system. The proposed system starts with pre-processing the student answer and model answer dataset using data cleaning and natural language processing tasks. Then, it comprises two main components: the grading engine and the adaptive fusion engine. The grading engine employs string-based and corpus-based similarity algorithms separately.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Reinforcing Artificial Neural Networks through Traditional Machine Learning Algorithms for Robust Classification of Cancer

    Muhammad Hammad Waseem1, Malik Sajjad Ahmed Nadeem1,*, Ishtiaq Rasool Khan2, Seong-O-Shim3, Wajid Aziz1, Usman Habib4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 4293-4315, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.036710

    Abstract Machine Learning (ML)-based prediction and classification systems employ data and learning algorithms to forecast target values. However, improving predictive accuracy is a crucial step for informed decision-making. In the healthcare domain, data are available in the form of genetic profiles and clinical characteristics to build prediction models for complex tasks like cancer detection or diagnosis. Among ML algorithms, Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are considered the most suitable framework for many classification tasks. The network weights and the activation functions are the two crucial elements in the learning process of an ANN. These weights affect the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Intelligent Approach for Accurate Prediction of Chronic Diseases

    S. Kavi Priya*, N. Saranya

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 2571-2587, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.031761

    Abstract Around the globe, chronic diseases pose a serious hazard to healthcare communities. The majority of the deaths are due to chronic diseases, and it causes burdens across the world. Through analyzing healthcare data and extracting patterns healthcare administrators, victims, and healthcare communities will get an advantage if the diseases are early predicted. The majority of the existing works focused on increasing the accuracy of the techniques but didn’t concentrate on other performance measures. Thus, the proposed work improves the early detection of chronic disease and safeguards the lives of the patients by increasing the specificity… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    COVID-19 Outbreak Prediction by Using Machine Learning Algorithms

    Tahir Sher1, Abdul Rehman2, Dongsun Kim2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.1, pp. 1561-1574, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.032020

    Abstract COVID-19 is a contagious disease and its several variants put under stress in all walks of life and economy as well. Early diagnosis of the virus is a crucial task to prevent the spread of the virus as it is a threat to life in the whole world. However, with the advancement of technology, the Internet of Things (IoT) and social IoT (SIoT), the versatile data produced by smart devices helped a lot in overcoming this lethal disease. Data mining is a technique that could be used for extracting useful information from massive data. In… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Detection Collision Flows in SDN Based 5G Using Machine Learning Algorithms

    Aqsa Aqdus1, Rashid Amin1,*, Sadia Ramzan1, Sultan S. Alshamrani2, Abdullah Alshehri3, El-Sayed M. El-kenawy4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.1, pp. 1413-1435, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.031719

    Abstract The rapid advancement of wireless communication is forming a hyper-connected 5G network in which billions of linked devices generate massive amounts of data. The traffic control and data forwarding functions are decoupled in software-defined networking (SDN) and allow the network to be programmable. Each switch in SDN keeps track of forwarding information in a flow table. The SDN switches must search the flow table for the flow rules that match the packets to handle the incoming packets. Due to the obvious vast quantity of data in data centres, the capacity of the flow table restricts… More >

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