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  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Development of micro/nanostructured‒based biomaterials with biomedical applications

    AFAF ALHARTHI*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.8, pp. 1743-1755, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.027154

    Abstract Natural biomaterials are now frequently used to build biocarrier systems, which can carry medications and biomolecules to a target region and achieve a desired therapeutic effect. Biomaterials and polymers are of great importance in the synthesis of nanomaterials. The recent studies have tended to use these materials because they are easily obtained from natural sources such as fungi, algae, bacteria, and medicinal plants. They are also biodegradable, compatible with neighborhoods, and non-toxic. Natural biomaterials and polymers are chemically changed when they are linked by cross linking agents with other polymers to create scaffolds, matrices, composites, More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Micropropagation of Daylily (Hemerocallis fulva) from Crown-Tip Explants and Assessment of Somaclonal Variation of in Vitro-Propagated Plants Using SCoT Markers

    Esraa E. Shalan1, Said S. Soliman1, Ahmed A. Mahmoud1, Jameel M. Al-Khayri2,*, Salha M. ALshamrani3, Fatmah A. Safhi4, Areej S. Jalal4, Diaa Abd El-Moneim5, Abdallah A. Hassanin1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.7, pp. 2183-2196, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028537

    Abstract Determination of the somaclonal variation of in vitro-propagated plants is crucial to determine the appropriate micropropagation protocol and growth regulators for commercial scale multiplication. In this research, nine multiplication media (MM) augmented with different concentrations of 6-benzyl adenine (BA), Kinetin (Kin), and Thidiazuron (TDZ), Three rooting media (RM) supplemented with three levels of α-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) and three types of soil mixtures (v/v); Coco peat/Vermiculite/Sand (CVS), Peat moss/Perlite/Sand (PPS) and Peat moss/Perlite (PP) were used in the micropropagation protocol of daylily plants. MM2 showed the maximum shoot length and the number of leaves, while MM9… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles Based on Green Chemistry and Their Medical Biochemical Applications: Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles

    Kakudji Kisimba1, Anand Krishnan2,*, Mbuso Faya1, Kahumba Byanga3, Kabange Kasumbwe4, Kaliyapillai Vijayakumar5, Ram Prasad6,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.6, pp. 2575-2591, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.026159

    Abstract Nanoparticles have distinct properties that make them potentially valuable in a variety of industries. As a result, emerging approaches for the manufacture of nanoparticles are gaining a lot of scientific interest. The biological pathway of nanoparticle synthesis has been suggested as an effective, affordable, and environmentally safe method. Synthesis of nanoparticles through physical and chemical processes uses unsafe materials, expensive equipment and adversely affects the environment. As a result, in order to support the increased utilization of nanoparticles across many sectors, nanotechnology research activities have shifted toward environmentally safe and cost-effective techniques that outperform chemical… More > Graphic Abstract

    Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles Based on Green Chemistry and Their Medical Biochemical Applications: Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Indian medicinal plants are effective in the treatment and management of COVID-19

    SUBHASH CHANDRA1,2, SANTWANA PALAI3, EDINARDO FAGNER FERREIRA-MATIAS4, IVO CAVALCANTE PITA-NETO4, CíCERO LUCAS GOMES-RAMALHO4, EDLANE MARTINS DE ANDRADE4, RAY SILVA DE ALMEIDA5, MARCELLO IRITI6,7,*, HENRIQUE DOUGLAS MELO-COUTINHO5,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.4, pp. 677-695, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.026081

    Abstract Indian medicinal plants are referred to as the “nectar of life” owing to their phytochemicals and bioactive complexes that are beneficial in treating diseases. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global health issue without any proper medication. The indigenous plants of India can be exploited to control the precise signs of SARS-CoV-2. The Ministry of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy) has advised routine usage of medicinal plants for COVID-19. Medicinal plants like Zingiber officinalis, Azadirachta indica, Ocimum sanctum, Nigella sativa, Withania somnifera, Curcuma longa, Piper nigrum, Allium sativum, Tinospora cordifolia, etc. have More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Advances in the studies on symbiotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi of traditional Chinese medicinal plants

    LIMIN YU1,2, ZHONGFENG ZHANG2,*, LONGWU ZHOU2

    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.12, pp. 2559-2573, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.022825

    Abstract

    Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi reside in the rhizosphere and form mutualistic associations with plant roots. They promote photosynthesis, improve stress resistance, and induce secondary metabolite biosynthesis in host medicinal plants. The AM fungi that are symbiotic with medicinal plants comprise a wide array of species and have abundant germplasm resources. Though research on the AM fungi in medicinal plants began relatively recently, it has nonetheless become an investigative hot spot. Several scholars have explored the diversity and the growth-promoting effects of mycorrhizal fungi in hundreds of medicinal plants. Current research on symbiotic AM fungi in medicinal

    More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Delineating the role of phytocompounds against anti-bacterial drug resistance–An update

    REKHA GAHTORI1,#, MOSLEH MOHAMMAD ABOMUGHAID2,#, NIDHI NEGI3, SARAVANAN KRISHNAN4, SUGAPRIYA DHANASEKARAN5, SOUMYA PANDIT6, KANU PRIYA6, DILLIP KUMAR BISHI7,*, RAM PRASAD8, PIYUSH KUMAR GUPTA6,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.45, No.6, pp. 1465-1477, 2021, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2021.016484

    Abstract Antibacterial resistance developed by bacteria due to the unlimited use of antibiotics has posed a challenge for human civilization. This kind of problem is not limited to India only, but it is a global concern. Nowadays, many treatments and medicines for bacterial diseases have been developed. However, they possess some drawbacks. Therefore, the alternative medicine has been used to target the drug resistant mechanisms and such medicines have less side effects which is becoming necessary. Natural products have traditionally or historically been of importance for the development of antibacterial agents and are also known to More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Control of seed born mycobiota associated with Glycine max L. Merr. seeds by a combination of traditional medicinal plants extracts

    SULAIMAN A. AL YOUSEF*

    BIOCELL, Vol.45, No.5, pp. 1403-1411, 2021, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2021.015450

    Abstract Seeds from soybean collected from different commercial markets were surveyed for seed-borne fungi. Ninetyeight fungal colonies were isolated all over three monthly isolations constituting twenty-two fungal species. The isolated fungi were belonging to the genera: Alternaria, Aspergillus, Cephalosporium, Chaetomium, Cladosporium, Colletotrichum, Curvularia, Fusarium, Macrophomina, Mucor, Penicillium, Rhizoctonia, Rhizopus, Sclerotium, Stemphylium, and Verticillium. Assay of the antifungal activity of four ethanolic extracts of clove, cinnamon, garlic, and mint was carried out against the most common fungal species (Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, Fusarium solani, F. oxysporium, and F. moniliforme), which significantly reduced the growth of tested fungi. Clove extract recorded the highest antimicrobial potentiality against the seed-borne fungal species, followed by… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Assessment of the Contribution of Foliar Trichomes towards Allelopathy

    Waseem Mushtaq1, M.B. Siddiqui1, Hesham F. Alharby2, Khalid Rehman Hakeem2,3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.2, pp. 291-301, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.08740

    Abstract Plant trichomes vary in their structure and cellular composition. Glandular trichomes contain a bulk of specific (secondary) metabolites of diverse nature. Trichomes are connected with various adaptive processes, which include protection against herbivores and pathogens as well. Our study investigates the allelopathic contribution of structures present on the leaf surface of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv. against seedling growth of Cicer arietinum L. The infusion obtained after dipping Nicotiana leaves in Dichloromethane (DCM) for 10 seconds (s) was the most phytotoxic among all the infusions. The observed inhibition in Cicer growth was not only dependent on type of infusion but More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Ethnobotanical study and conservation status of trees in the district Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan

    Shah A1*, S Rahim1,5 , KH Bhatti2, A Khan1, N Din1, M Imran1, M Mohsin3, M Ishtiaq4, A Nabila1, A Ansari1, S Hussain1, M Zafar5, M Mushtaq5, E Mumtaz1, J Iqbal6

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.84, No.1, pp. 34-44, 2015, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2015.84.034

    Abstract Sargodha district is one of the least studied regions of Pakistan regarding its ethnobotanical values. This paper is the first report related to the documentation and conservation status of the tree species in the Sargodha district, and their folk ethnobotanical uses. An interview base survey was conducted in the study area in 2010-2013. The ethnobotanical data revealed the use of 100 tree species (6 gymnosperms, 94 angiosperms) belonging to 77 genera (6 gymnosperms, 71 angiosperms) and 39 families (4 gymnosperms, 35 angiosperms), with the Fabaceae ranking first with 19 tree species, followed by the Moraceae… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in treatment of ticks

    Magwede K1, MP Tshisikhawe1, D Luseba2, RB Bhat1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.83, pp. 155-165, 2014, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2014.83.155

    Abstract The documentation of traditional knowledge on medicinal use of plants has provided many important drugs that are used worldwide on a daily basis. Traditional remedies had been (and still are) the main source of livestock ailment treatments, especially in regions of poor resources of the Vhembe District, South Africa. In many rural areas of the Republic of South Africa, traditional medicine is sometimes the only available modern orthodox health care for managing both human and animal health. Much work remains to be done regarding the documentation of the existing ethnobotanical knowledge. In this work, we More >

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