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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Damage Diagnosis of Bleacher Based on an Enhanced Convolutional Neural Network with Training Interference

    Chaozhi Cai*, Xiaoyu Guo, Yingfang Xue, Jianhua Ren

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 321-339, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.045831

    Abstract Bleachers play a crucial role in practical engineering applications, and any damage incurred during their operation poses a significant threat to the safety of both life and property. Consequently, it becomes imperative to conduct damage diagnosis and health monitoring of bleachers. The intricate structure of bleachers, the varied types of potential damage, and the presence of similar vibration data in adjacent locations make it challenging to achieve satisfactory diagnosis accuracy through traditional time-frequency analysis methods. Furthermore, field environmental noise can adversely impact the accuracy of bleacher damage diagnosis. To enhance the accuracy and anti-noise capabilities… More > Graphic Abstract

    Damage Diagnosis of Bleacher Based on an Enhanced Convolutional Neural Network with Training Interference

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Elevating Image Steganography: A Fusion of MSB Matching and LSB Substitution for Enhanced Concealment Capabilities

    Muhammad Zaman Ali1, Omer Riaz1, Hafiz Muhammad Hasnain2, Waqas Sharif2, Tenvir Ali2, Gyu Sang Choi3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2923-2943, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049139

    Abstract In today’s rapidly evolving landscape of communication technologies, ensuring the secure delivery of sensitive data has become an essential priority. To overcome these difficulties, different steganography and data encryption methods have been proposed by researchers to secure communications. Most of the proposed steganography techniques achieve higher embedding capacities without compromising visual imperceptibility using LSB substitution. In this work, we have an approach that utilizes a combination of Most Significant Bit (MSB) matching and Least Significant Bit (LSB) substitution. The proposed algorithm divides confidential messages into pairs of bits and connects them with the MSBs of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Experimental Study and Analysis of Different Dielectrics in Electrical Discharge Machining of Al 6063 Alloy

    B. MOULIPRASANTHA, P. HARIHARANB

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.36, No.4, pp. 351-369, 2019, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2019.36.04.5

    Abstract Electrical discharge machining is a non-traditional machining processes in which it is based upon thermal and electrical energy source as an interval energy pulse discharge in-between the work piece and tool electrode so as to remove the material. A systematical investigation of melting and vaporising of aluminium to find the output responses such as Material removal rate (MRR), Electrode wear rate (Ra), and Surface finish (EWR) in EDM using two different dielectrics was conducted as experimental work. The working fluids are Polyethylene glycol (PEG 600) and kerosene. It is the hour of need to get the More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of the Relationships between Noise Exposure and Stress/Arousal Mood at Different Levels of Workload

    Rohollah Fallah Madvari1, Hamideh Bidel2, Ahmad Mehri3, Fatema Babaee4, Fereydoon Laal5,*

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 119-131, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.048861

    Abstract Noise is one of the environmental factors with mental and physical effects. The workload is also the multiple mental and physical demands of the task. Therefore, his study investigated the relationship between noise exposure and mood states at different levels of workload. The study recruited 50 workers from the manufacturing sector (blue-collar workers) as the exposed group and 50 workers from the office sector (white-collar workers) as the control group. Their occupational noise exposure was measured by dosimetry. The Stress-Arousal Checklist (SACL) and the NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) were used to measure mood and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Computational Verification of Low-Frequency Broadband Noise from Wind Turbine Blades Using Semi-Empirical Methods

    Vasishta Bhargava Nukala*, Chinmaya Prasad Padhy

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 133-150, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.047762

    Abstract A significant aerodynamic noise from wind turbines arises when the rotating blades interact with turbulent flows. Though the trailing edge of the blade is an important source of noise at high frequencies, the present work deals with the influence of turbulence distortion on leading edge noise from wind turbine blades which becomes significant in low-frequency regions. Four quasi-empirical methods are studied to verify the accuracy of turbulent inflow noise predicted at low frequencies for a 2 MW horizontal axis wind turbine. Results have shown that all methods exhibited a downward linear trend in noise spectra More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on the Generation Mechanism and Suppression Method of Aerodynamic Noise in Expansion Cavity Based on Hybrid Method

    Haitao Liu1,2,*, Jiaming Wang1, Xiuliang Zhang1, Yanji Jiang2, Qian Xiao1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2747-2772, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047129

    Abstract The expansion chamber serves as the primary silencing structure within the exhaust pipeline. However, it can also act as a sound-emitting structure when subjected to airflow. This article presents a hybrid method for numerically simulating and analyzing the unsteady flow and aerodynamic noise in an expansion chamber under the influence of airflow. A fluid simulation model is established, utilizing the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) method to calculate the unsteady flow within the expansion chamber. The simulation results effectively capture the development and changes of the unsteady flow and vorticity inside the cavity, exhibiting a high… More > Graphic Abstract

    Research on the Generation Mechanism and Suppression Method of Aerodynamic Noise in Expansion Cavity Based on Hybrid Method

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Novel Investigation of Stochastic Fractional Differential Equations Measles Model via the White Noise and Global Derivative Operator Depending on Mittag-Leffler Kernel

    Saima Rashid1,2,*, Fahd Jarad3,4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2289-2327, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028773

    Abstract Because of the features involved with their varied kernels, differential operators relying on convolution formulations have been acknowledged as effective mathematical resources for modeling real-world issues. In this paper, we constructed a stochastic fractional framework of measles spreading mechanisms with dual medication immunization considering the exponential decay and Mittag-Leffler kernels. In this approach, the overall population was separated into five cohorts. Furthermore, the descriptive behavior of the system was investigated, including prerequisites for the positivity of solutions, invariant domain of the solution, presence and stability of equilibrium points, and sensitivity analysis. We included a stochastic More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Study of the Effect of Splitter Blades on the Flow-Induced Noise of Hydraulic Turbine

    Fengxia Shi1,2, Guangbiao Zhao1,*, Yucai Tang1, Haonan Zhan1, Pengcheng Wang1

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 101-117, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.047082

    Abstract In order to study the effect of splitter blades on the internal and external sound field of the hydraulic turbine, the paper chose a centrifugal pump with a specific speed ns = 33 reversed as a hydraulic turbine as the research object, and added the short blades on the original impeller to form a new splitter impeller. Based on the Re-Normalization Group (RNG) k-ε turbulence model to conduct numerical simulation for the hydraulic turbine, this thesis calculated the internal and external acoustic field by means of the acoustic boundary element (BEM) and finite element (FEM) and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhancing Sound Absorption in Micro-Perforated Panel and Porous Material Composite in Low Frequencies: A Numerical Study Using FEM

    Mohammad Javad SheikhMozafari*

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 81-100, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.048897

    Abstract Mitigating low-frequency noise poses a significant challenge for acoustic engineers, due to their long wavelength, with conventional porous sound absorbers showing limitations in attenuating such noise. An effective strategy involves combining porous materials with micro-perforated plates (MPP) to address this issue. Given the significant impact of structural variables like panel thickness, hole diameter, and air gap on the acoustic characteristics of MPP, achieving the optimal condition demands numerous sample iterations. The impedance tube’s considerable expense for sound absorption measurement and the substantial cost involved in fabricating each sample using a 3D printer underscore the advantage… More > Graphic Abstract

    Enhancing Sound Absorption in Micro-Perforated Panel and Porous Material Composite in Low Frequencies: A Numerical Study Using FEM

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Prediction and Analysis of Vehicle Interior Road Noise Based on Mechanism and Data Series Modeling

    Jian Pang1,3, Tingting Mao2, Wenyu Jia3, Xiaoli Jia3,*, Peisong Dai2, Haibo Huang1,2,*

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 59-80, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.046247

    Abstract Currently, the inexorable trend toward the electrification of automobiles has heightened the prominence of road noise within overall vehicle noise. Consequently, an in-depth investigation into automobile road noise holds substantial practical importance. Previous research endeavors have predominantly centered on the formulation of mechanism models and data-driven models. While mechanism models offer robust controllability, their application encounters challenges in intricate analyses of vehicle body acoustic-vibration coupling, and the effective utilization of accumulated data remains elusive. In contrast, data-driven models exhibit efficient modeling capabilities and can assimilate conceptual vehicle knowledge, but they impose stringent requirements on both… More >

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