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  • Open Access


    Effects of Plant Extracts and Beauveria bassiana on the Activity of Defense-Related Enzymes in Solanum lycopersicum L. during Interaction with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici

    José Adrian Perez-Robles, Carlos Alberto Lecona-Guzmán*, Víctor Manuel Ruíz-Valdiviezo, Joaquín Adolfo Montes-Molina*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.9, pp. 2503-2518, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029784

    Abstract The objective to this work was to evaluate the enzymatic activity in the culture of Solanum lycopersicum L. infected with Fusarium oxysporum after the combined application of Beauveria bassiana and plant extracts. Solanum lycopersicum plantlets were transplanted 15 days after the emergency. Five days after transplanting, Beauveria bassiana spores were applied at a concentration of 1 × 107 spores mL−1 onto soil (along with A. indica (N) and P. auritum (H) leaf extracts) where S. lycopersicum plants were planted. Eight days after transplanting, spores of F. oxysporum strain were applied at a concentration of 1 × 106 spores mL−1 to… More >

  • Open Access


    Toxic and Antifeedant Effects of Different Pesticidal Plant Extracts against Beet Armyworm (Spodoptera exigua)

    Muhammad Asad1, Rashad Rasool Khan2,*, Ahmed B. Aljuboory3, Muhammad Haroon U. Rashid4, Uttam Kumar5, Inzamam Ul Haq6, Aqsa Hafeez7, Ahmed Noureldeen8, Khadiga Alharbi9,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1161-1172, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026513

    Abstract The beet armyworm (BAW), Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a highly destructive pest of vegetables and field crops. Management of beet armyworm primarily relies on synthetic pesticides, which is threatening the beneficial community and environment. Most importantly, the BAW developed resistance to synthetic pesticides with making it difficult to manage. Therefore, alternative and environment-friendly pest management tactics are urgently required. The use of pesticidal plant extracts provides an effective way for a sustainable pest management program. To evaluate the use of pesticidal plant extracts against BAW, we selected six plant species (Lantana camara, Aloe vera, Azadirachta indica, Cymbopogon citratus, Nicotiana tabacum ,… More >

  • Open Access


    Green Hydrothermal Synthesis and Applications of Sorbus pohuashanensis/Aronia melanocarpa Extracts Functionalized-Au/Ag/AuAg Nanoparticles

    Jin Huang1,2,#, Jixiang Sun1,3,4,#, Kai Shao1,3,4, Yamei Lin1,3,4, Zhiguo Liu1,3,4,*, Yujie Fu1, Liqiang Mu2,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.4, pp. 1807-1821, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.023721

    Abstract Nanoparticles (NPs) have already been widely used in catalysis, antibacterial and coating fields. Compared with the traditional toxic and harmful reducing reagents, green synthesis of NPs by using plant extracts is not only environmental-friendly and cost-effective but also conducive to the multi-level and efficient utilization of wild plant resources. In this study, the aqueous extracts from Sorbus pohuashanensis (SP) and Aronia melanocarpa (AM) fruits were used as the reducing and protective reagents for synthesizing Au/AgNPs, with the characteristics of originality operation and high repeatability. The SP/AM fruit extracts functionalized Au/AgNPs were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy (UV-vis), transmission electron microscopy (TEM),… More > Graphic Abstract

    Green Hydrothermal Synthesis and Applications of <i>Sorbus pohuashanensis</i>/<i>Aronia melanocarpa</i> Extracts Functionalized-Au/Ag/AuAg Nanoparticles

  • Open Access


    Antibacterial activity of avocado extracts (Persea americana Mill.) against Streptococcus agalactiae

    Cardoso PF1, JA Scarpassa1, LG Pretto-Giordano2, ES Otaguiri3, SF Yamada-Ogatta3, G Nakazato3, MRE Perugini4, IC Moreira5, GT Vilas-BÔas1*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.85, pp. 218-224, 2016, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2016.85.218

    Abstract Plants contain numerous constituents and are valuable sources of new biologically active molecules. Avocado (Persea americana Mill.) is cultivated and used as food in most tropical and subtropical countries. Its high nutritional value and biological activities, as antioxidant, antimicrobial and analgesic properties, have been thoroughly investigated. Interest in plant extracts with antimicrobial properties has increased as a result of the indiscriminate use of antibiotics, leading to the emergence of resistant bacterial strains. Among bacterial species with clinical importance to multiple hosts, Streptococcus agalactiae is outstanding, as it can cause infections especially in humans, fish and cattle. The current study aimed… More >

  • Open Access


    Evaluation in vitro of the anti-fungal activity of four methanol plant extracts for the control of three species of Fusarium spp.

    Ochoa Fuentes YM1, E Cerna Chávez1, J Landeros Flores1, S Hernández Camacho2, JC Delgado Ortiz1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.81, pp. 69-73, 2012, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2012.81.069

    Abstract We evaluated the in vitro antifungal activity of extracts of peruvian peppertree (Shinu smolle), cherimoya (Annona cherimola), cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) and tobacco (Nicotiana glauca) on the mycelial growth and sporulation of Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium culmorum and Fusarium solani. The research was conducted at the Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes (UAA) and the Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro (UAAAN). The species of Fusarium were previously identified in the UAA Laboratory of Parasitology. The extracts were obtained in the laboratory of Toxicology of the UAAAN. The methodology of poisoned culture medium was used to determine the (1) inhibition of mycelial growth, (2) average… More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of phenolic compounds present in Argentinian plant extracts on mycelial growth of the plant pathogen Botrytis cinerea Pers.

    Hapon MV1,2, JJ Boiteux1,2, MA Fernández1, G Lucero1,2, MF Silva1, PH Pizzuolo1,2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.86, pp. 270-277, 2017, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2017.86.270

    Abstract The polyphagous plant pathogen Botrytis cinerea has the ability of growing fast under several conditions, and producing grey moulds in different plant tissues. Because of its adaptive plasticity, resistant strains have made difficult their chemical control. Therefore, new strategies of management and the use of natural compounds could be important control alternatives. The aim of this work was to study the potential value of four Argentine native plant extracts and some of its phenolic compounds as biodrugs on B. cinerea. Aqueous plant extracts of Larrea divaricata, Prosopis strombulifera, Tessaria absinthioides and Schinus molle var. areira, were used. The capability to… More >

  • Open Access


    Post-treatment with plant extracts used in Brazilian folk medicine caused a partial reversal of the antiproliferative effect of glyphosate in the Allium cepa test


    BIOCELL, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 23-28, 2013, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2013.37.023

    Abstract Species of the genus Psychotria are used for multiple purposes in Brazilian folk medicine, either as water infusions, baths or poultices. This study was aimed to evaluate the genotoxic and antiproliferative effects of infusions of Psychotria brachypoda and P. birotula on the Allium cepa test. Exposure to distilled water was used as a negative control, while exposure to glyphosate was used as a positive control. The interaction of extracts (as a post-treatment) with the effects of glyphosate was also studied. Results showed that glyphosate and the extracts of both P. brachypoda and P. birotula reduced the mitotic index as compared… More >

  • Open Access


    Antioxidant Migration Studies in Chitosan Films Incorporated with Plant Extracts

    Victor Gomes Lauriano Souza1, Patrícia Freitas Rodrigues2, Maria Paula Duarte1, Ana Luísa Fernando1*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.6, No.5, pp. 548-558, 2018, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2018.634104

    Abstract The aim of this work was to develop an active biopolymer based on chitosan by incorporating natural antioxidants. Five essential oils (ginger, rosemary, sage, tea tree and thyme) and six hydro-alcoholic extracts (from ginger, green and black tea, kenaf leaves, rosemary and sage plants) were tested. Migration assays were carried out to evaluate the films' activity, and total phenolic content and antioxidant activity were monitored in the simulant during storage. Interaction between natural compounds and polymeric matrix was evaluated by FTIR spectroscopy. The diffusion of the phenolic compounds was not detected in the films incorporated with hydro-alcoholic extracts (HAEs), indicating… More >

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