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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Innovative K-Anonymity Privacy-Preserving Algorithm to Improve Data Availability in the Context of Big Data

    Linlin Yuan1,2, Tiantian Zhang1,3, Yuling Chen1,*, Yuxiang Yang1, Huang Li1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1561-1579, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046907

    Abstract The development of technologies such as big data and blockchain has brought convenience to life, but at the same time, privacy and security issues are becoming more and more prominent. The K-anonymity algorithm is an effective and low computational complexity privacy-preserving algorithm that can safeguard users’ privacy by anonymizing big data. However, the algorithm currently suffers from the problem of focusing only on improving user privacy while ignoring data availability. In addition, ignoring the impact of quasi-identified attributes on sensitive attributes causes the usability of the processed data on statistical analysis to be reduced. Based… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Privacy-Preserving Multi-Keyword Fuzzy Adjacency Search Strategy for Encrypted Graph in Cloud Environment

    Bin Wu1,2, Xianyi Chen3, Jinzhou Huang4,*, Caicai Zhang5, Jing Wang6, Jing Yu1,2, Zhiqiang Zhao7, Zhuolin Mei1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3177-3194, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.047147

    Abstract In a cloud environment, outsourced graph data is widely used in companies, enterprises, medical institutions, and so on. Data owners and users can save costs and improve efficiency by storing large amounts of graph data on cloud servers. Servers on cloud platforms usually have some subjective or objective attacks, which make the outsourced graph data in an insecure state. The issue of privacy data protection has become an important obstacle to data sharing and usage. How to query outsourcing graph data safely and effectively has become the focus of research. Adjacency query is a basic… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Privacy-Preserving Federated Deep Learning Diagnostic Method for Multi-Stage Diseases

    Jinbo Yang1, Hai Huang1, Lailai Yin2, Jiaxing Qu3, Wanjuan Xie4,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 3085-3099, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045417

    Abstract Diagnosing multi-stage diseases typically requires doctors to consider multiple data sources, including clinical symptoms, physical signs, biochemical test results, imaging findings, pathological examination data, and even genetic data. When applying machine learning modeling to predict and diagnose multi-stage diseases, several challenges need to be addressed. Firstly, the model needs to handle multimodal data, as the data used by doctors for diagnosis includes image data, natural language data, and structured data. Secondly, privacy of patients’ data needs to be protected, as these data contain the most sensitive and private information. Lastly, considering the practicality of the… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    A Survey on Blockchain-Based Federated Learning: Categorization, Application and Analysis

    Yuming Tang1,#, Yitian Zhang2,#, Tao Niu1, Zhen Li2,3,*, Zijian Zhang1,3, Huaping Chen4, Long Zhang4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2451-2477, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.030084

    Abstract Federated Learning (FL), as an emergent paradigm in privacy-preserving machine learning, has garnered significant interest from scholars and engineers across both academic and industrial spheres. Despite its innovative approach to model training across distributed networks, FL has its vulnerabilities; the centralized server-client architecture introduces risks of single-point failures. Moreover, the integrity of the global model—a cornerstone of FL—is susceptible to compromise through poisoning attacks by malicious actors. Such attacks and the potential for privacy leakage via inference starkly undermine FL’s foundational privacy and security goals. For these reasons, some participants unwilling use their private data… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    A Comprehensive Survey for Privacy-Preserving Biometrics: Recent Approaches, Challenges, and Future Directions

    Shahriar Md Arman1, Tao Yang1,*, Shahadat Shahed2, Alanoud Al Mazroa3, Afraa Attiah4, Linda Mohaisen4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2087-2110, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047870

    Abstract The rapid growth of smart technologies and services has intensified the challenges surrounding identity authentication techniques. Biometric credentials are increasingly being used for verification due to their advantages over traditional methods, making it crucial to safeguard the privacy of people’s biometric data in various scenarios. This paper offers an in-depth exploration for privacy-preserving techniques and potential threats to biometric systems. It proposes a noble and thorough taxonomy survey for privacy-preserving techniques, as well as a systematic framework for categorizing the field’s existing literature. We review the state-of-the-art methods and address their advantages and limitations in More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Cloud-Fog Enabled and Privacy-Preserving IoT Data Market Platform Based on Blockchain

    Yurong Luo, Wei You*, Chao Shang, Xiongpeng Ren, Jin Cao, Hui Li

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 2237-2260, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045679

    Abstract The dynamic landscape of the Internet of Things (IoT) is set to revolutionize the pace of interaction among entities, ushering in a proliferation of applications characterized by heightened quality and diversity. Among the pivotal applications within the realm of IoT, as a significant example, the Smart Grid (SG) evolves into intricate networks of energy deployment marked by data integration. This evolution concurrently entails data interchange with other IoT entities. However, there are also several challenges including data-sharing overheads and the intricate establishment of trusted centers in the IoT ecosystem. In this paper, we introduce a More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Multi-Robot Privacy-Preserving Algorithms Based on Federated Learning: A Review

    Jiansheng Peng1,2,*, Jinsong Guo1, Fengbo Bao1, Chengjun Yang2, Yong Xu2, Yong Qin2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 2971-2994, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041897

    Abstract The robotics industry has seen rapid development in recent years due to the Corona Virus Disease 2019. With the development of sensors and smart devices, factories and enterprises have accumulated a large amount of data in their daily production, which creates extremely favorable conditions for robots to perform machine learning. However, in recent years, people’s awareness of data privacy has been increasing, leading to the inability to circulate data between different enterprises, resulting in the emergence of data silos. The emergence of federated learning provides a feasible solution to this problem, and the combination of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Blockchain-Assisted Distributed Edge Intelligence for Privacy-Preserving Vehicular Networks

    Muhammad Firdaus1, Harashta Tatimma Larasati2, Kyung-Hyune Rhee3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 2959-2978, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039487

    Abstract The enormous volume of heterogeneous data from various smart device-based applications has growingly increased a deeply interlaced cyber-physical system. In order to deliver smart cloud services that require low latency with strong computational processing capabilities, the Edge Intelligence System (EIS) idea is now being employed, which takes advantage of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Edge Computing Technology (ECT). Thus, EIS presents a potential approach to enforcing future Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), particularly within a context of a Vehicular Network (VNets). However, the current EIS framework meets some issues and is conceivably vulnerable to multiple adversarial attacks… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A New Privacy-Preserving Data Publishing Algorithm Utilizing Connectivity-Based Outlier Factor and Mondrian Techniques

    Burak Cem Kara1,2,*, Can Eyüpoğlu1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1515-1535, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040274

    Abstract Developing a privacy-preserving data publishing algorithm that stops individuals from disclosing their identities while not ignoring data utility remains an important goal to achieve. Because finding the trade-off between data privacy and data utility is an NP-hard problem and also a current research area. When existing approaches are investigated, one of the most significant difficulties discovered is the presence of outlier data in the datasets. Outlier data has a negative impact on data utility. Furthermore, k-anonymity algorithms, which are commonly used in the literature, do not provide adequate protection against outlier data. In this study, a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CD-FL: Cataract Images Based Disease Detection Using Federated Learning

    Arfat Ahmad Khan1, Shtwai Alsubai2, Chitapong Wechtaisong3,*, Ahmad Almadhor4, Natalia Kryvinska5,*, Abdullah Al Hejaili6, Uzma Ghulam Mohammad7

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1733-1750, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039296

    Abstract A cataract is one of the most significant eye problems worldwide that does not immediately impair vision and progressively worsens over time. Automatic cataract prediction based on various imaging technologies has been addressed recently, such as smartphone apps used for remote health monitoring and eye treatment. In recent years, advances in diagnosis, prediction, and clinical decision support using Artificial Intelligence (AI) in medicine and ophthalmology have been exponential. Due to privacy concerns, a lack of data makes applying artificial intelligence models in the medical field challenging. To address this issue, a federated learning framework named CD-FLMore >

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