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  • Open Access


    Information Security Evaluation of Industrial Control Systems Using Probabilistic Linguistic MCDM Method

    Wenshu Xu, Mingwei Lin*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 199-222, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041475

    Abstract Industrial control systems (ICSs) are widely used in various fields, and the information security problems of ICSs are increasingly serious. The existing evaluation methods fail to describe the uncertain evaluation information and group evaluation information of experts. Thus, this paper introduces the probabilistic linguistic term sets (PLTSs) to model the evaluation information of experts. Meanwhile, we propose a probabilistic linguistic multi-criteria decision-making (PL-MCDM) method to solve the information security assessment problem of ICSs. Firstly, we propose a novel subscript equivalence distance measure of PLTSs to improve the existing methods. Secondly, we use the Best Worst Method (BWM) method and Criteria… More >

  • Open Access


    A Trailblazing Framework of Security Assessment for Traffic Data Management

    Abdulaziz Attaallah1, Khalil al-Sulbi2, Areej Alasiry3, Mehrez Marzougui3, Neha Yadav4, Syed Anas Ansar5,*, Pawan Kumar Chaurasia4, Alka Agrawal4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 1853-1875, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.039761

    Abstract Connected and autonomous vehicles are seeing their dawn at this moment. They provide numerous benefits to vehicle owners, manufacturers, vehicle service providers, insurance companies, etc. These vehicles generate a large amount of data, which makes privacy and security a major challenge to their success. The complicated machine-led mechanics of connected and autonomous vehicles increase the risks of privacy invasion and cyber security violations for their users by making them more susceptible to data exploitation and vulnerable to cyber-attacks than any of their predecessors. This could have a negative impact on how well-liked CAVs are with the general public, give them… More >

  • Open Access


    Sustainable-Security Assessment Through a Multi Perspective Benchmarking Framework

    Ahmed Saeed Alfakeeh1, Abdulmohsen Almalawi2, Fawaz Jaber Alsolami2, Yoosef B. Abushark2, Asif Irshad Khan2,*, Adel Aboud S. Bahaddad1, Md Mottahir Alam3, Alka Agrawal4, Rajeev Kumar5, Raees Ahmad Khan4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 6011-6037, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.024903

    Abstract The current cyber-attack environment has put even the most protected systems at risk as the hackers are now modifying technologies to exploit even the tiniest of weaknesses and infiltrate networks. In this situation, it's critical to design and construct software that is both secure and long-lasting. While security is the most well-defined aspect of health information software systems, it is equally significant to prioritise sustainability because any health information software system will be more effective if it provides both security and sustainability to the customers at the same time. In this league, it is crucial to determine those characteristics in… More >

  • Open Access


    Analyzing the Big Data Security Through a Unified Decision-Making Approach

    Abdulaziz Attaallah1, Hassan Alsuhabi2, Sarita Shukla3, Rajeev Kumar3,*, Bineet Kumar Gupta3, Raees Ahmad Khan4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 1071-1088, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.022569

    Abstract The use of cloud services, web-based software systems, the Internet of Things (IoT), Machine Learning (ML), Artificial Intelligence (AI), and other wireless sensor devices in the health sector has resulted in significant advancements and benefits. Early disease detection, increased accessibility, and high diagnostic reach have all been made possible by digital healthcare. Despite this remarkable achievement, healthcare data protection has become a serious issue for all parties involved. According to data breach statistics, the healthcare data industry is one of the major threats to cyber criminals. In reality, healthcare data breaches have increased at an alarming rate in recent years.… More >

  • Open Access


    Healthcare Device Security Assessment through Computational Methodology

    Masood Ahmad1, Jehad F. Al-Amri2, Ahmad F. Subahi3, Sabita Khatri2, Adil Hussain Seh1, Mohd Nadeem1, Alka Agrawal1,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.41, No.2, pp. 811-828, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.020097

    Abstract The current study discusses the different methods used to secure healthcare devices and proposes a quantitative framework to list them in order of significances. The study uses the Hesitant Fuzzy (HF), Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) integrated with Fuzzy Technical for Order Preference by Similarities to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) to classify the best alternatives to security techniques for healthcare devices to securing the devices. The technique is enlisted to rate the alternatives based on the degree of satisfaction of their weights. The ranks of the alternatives consequently decide the order of priority for the techniques. A1 was the most probable alternative… More >

  • Open Access


    Hybrid Computational Modeling for Web Application Security Assessment

    Adil Hussain Seh1, Jehad F. Al-Amri2, Ahmad F. Subahi3, Md Tarique Jamal Ansari1, Rajeev Kumar4,*, Mohammad Ubaidullah Bokhari5, Raees Ahmad Khan1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 469-489, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019593

    Abstract Transformation from conventional business management systems to smart digital systems is a recurrent trend in the current era. This has led to digital revolution, and in this context, the hardwired technologies in the software industry play a significant role However, from the beginning, software security remains a serious issue for all levels of stakeholders. Software vulnerabilities lead to intrusions that cause data breaches and result in disclosure of sensitive data, compromising the organizations’ reputation that translates into, financial losses as well. Most of the data breaches are financially motivated, especially in the healthcare sector. The cyber invaders continuously penetrate the… More >

  • Open Access


    Multi-Level Hesitant Fuzzy Based Model for Usable-Security Assessment

    Mohd Nadeem1, Jehad F. Al-Amri2, Ahmad F. Subahi3, Adil Hussain Seh1, Suhel Ahmad Khan4, Alka Agrawal1, Raees Ahmad Khan1,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.31, No.1, pp. 61-82, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.019624

    Abstract Present day healthcare sector is frequently victimized by the intruders. Healthcare data industry has borne the brunt of the highest number of data breach episodes in the last few years. The key reason for this is attributed to the sensitivity of healthcare data and the high costs entailed in trading the data over the dark web. Hence, usable-security evaluation of healthcare information systems is the need of hour so as to identify the vulnerabilities and provide preventive measures as a shield against the breaches. Usable-security assessment will help the software designers and developers to prioritize usable-security attributes according to the… More >

  • Open Access


    Integrity Assessment of Medical Devices for Improving Hospital Services

    Fahad A. Alzahrani1, Masood Ahmad2, Mohd Nadeem2, Rajeev Kumar2,3,*, Raees Ahmad Khan2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.3, pp. 3619-3633, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014869

    Abstract The present study examines the various techniques being used to maintain the integrity of the medical devices, and develops a quantitative framework to list these in the sequence of priority. To achieve the intended objective, the study employs the combined procedure of Fuzzy Analytic Network Process (ANP) and Fuzzy Technical for Order Preference by Similarities to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS). We selected fuzzy based decision making techniques for assessing the integrity of medical devices. The suggested methodology was then used for classifying the suitable techniques used to evaluate the integrity of medical devices. Different techniques or the procedures of integrity assessment… More >

  • Open Access


    Unified Computational Modelling for Healthcare Device Security Assessment

    Shakeel Ahmed*, Abdulaziz Alhumam

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 1-18, 2021, DOI:10.32604/csse.2021.015775

    Abstract This article evaluates the security techniques that are used to maintain the healthcare devices, and proposes a mathematical model to list these in the order of priority and preference. To accomplish the stated objective, the article uses the Fuzzy Analytic Network Process (ANP) integrated with Technical for Order Preference by Similarities to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) to find the suitable alternatives of the security techniques for securing the healthcare devices from trespassing. The methodology is enlisted to rank the alternatives/ techniques based on their weights’ satisfaction degree. Thereafter, the ranks of the alternatives determine the order of priority for the techniques… More >

  • Open Access


    Device Security Assessment of Internet of Healthcare Things

    Abdulaziz Attaallah1, Masood Ahmad2, Md Tarique Jamal Ansari2, Abhishek Kumar Pandey2, Rajeev Kumar2,3,*, Raees Ahmad Khan2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.27, No.2, pp. 593-603, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.015092

    Abstract Security of the Internet of Healthcare Things (IoHT) devices plays a vital role in e-healthcare today and there has been a rapid increase in the use of networked devices of IoHT in the present healthcare services. However, these networked devices are also highly vulnerable to attackers who constantly target the security of devices and their components to gain access to the patients’ data. Infringement of patients’ data is not only a violation of privacy but can also jeopardize patients’ health if the health records are tampered with. Once the device has been intruded upon, attackers can not only change the… More >

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