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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Physiological Mechanism of Exogenous Selenium in Alleviating Mercury Stress on Pakchoi (Brassica campestris L.)

    Chengxu Qian1, Qiangwen Chen1,2, Leiyu Jiang1, Xiaoyan Yang3, Shen Rao4, Weiwei Zhang1, Feng Xu1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.5, pp. 951-962, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.050893

    Abstract The objective of this study was to explain the physiological mechanisms through which NaSeO mitigates the growth and developmental inhibition of pakchoi under HgCl stress. The results showed that treatment with HgCl (40 mg L) led to reduced biomass, dwarfing, root shortening, and root tip necrosis in pakchoi. Compared to control (CK), the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD) in Hg treatment increased, and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) also dramatically increased, which negatively impacted the growth of pakchoi. Low concentrations of NaSeO (0.2 mg L) significantly increased the content of soluble sugars… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Research Progress on Economic Forest Water Stress Based on Bibliometrics and Knowledge Graph

    Xin Yin1,#, Shuai Wang1,#, Chunguang Wang1, Haichao Wang2, Zheying Zong1,3,*, Zeyu Ban1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.5, pp. 843-858, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.049114

    Abstract This study employed the bibliometric software CiteSpace 6.1.R6 to analyze the correlation between thermal infrared, spectral remote sensing technology, and the estimation of economic forest water stress. It aimed to review the development and current status of this field, as well as to identify future research trends. A search was conducted on the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database using the keyword “water stress” for relevant studies from 2003 to 2023. The visual analysis function of CNKI was used to generate the distribution of annual publication volume, and CiteSpace 6.1.R6 was utilized to create network More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    New insights into ATR inhibition in muscle invasive bladder cancer: The role of apolipoprotein B mRNA editing catalytic subunit 3B

    HYUNHO KIM1, UIJU CHO2, SOOK HEE HONG3, HYUNG SOON PARK1, IN-HO KIM3, HO JUNG AN1, BYOUNG YONG SHIM1, JIN HYOUNG KANG3,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.6, pp. 1021-1030, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2024.048919

    Abstract Background: Apolipoprotein B mRNA editing catalytic polypeptide (APOBEC), an endogenous mutator, induces DNA damage and activates the ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related (ATR)-checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1) pathway. Although cisplatin-based therapy is the mainstay for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), it has a poor survival rate. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of an ATR inhibitor combined with cisplatin in the treatment of APOBEC catalytic subunit 3B (APOBEC3B) expressing MIBC. Methods: Immunohistochemical staining was performed to analyze an association between APOBEC3B and ATR in patients with MIBC. The APOBEC3B expression in MIBC cell lines was assessed… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Exploration of Asymmetrical Impact Dynamics: Unveiling Nonlinearities in Collision Problems and Resilience of Reinforced Concrete Structures

    AL-Bukhaiti Khalil1, Yanhui Liu1,*, Shichun Zhao1, Daguang Han2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 223-254, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.044751

    Abstract This study provides a comprehensive analysis of collision and impact problems’ numerical solutions, focusing on geometric, contact, and material nonlinearities, all essential in solving large deformation problems during a collision. The initial discussion revolves around the stress and strain of large deformation during a collision, followed by explanations of the fundamental finite element solution method for addressing such issues. The hourglass mode’s control methods, such as single-point reduced integration and contact-collision algorithms are detailed and implemented within the finite element framework. The paper further investigates the dynamic response and failure modes of Reinforced Concrete (RC)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Supervised Learning for Finite Element Analysis of Holes under Biaxial Load

    Wai Tuck Chow*, Jia Tai Lau

    Digital Engineering and Digital Twin, Vol.2, pp. 103-130, 2024, DOI:10.32604/dedt.2024.044545

    Abstract This paper presents a novel approach to using supervised learning with a shallow neural network to increase the efficiency of the finite element analysis of holes under biaxial load. With this approach, the number of elements in the finite element analysis can be reduced while maintaining good accuracy. The neural network will be used to predict the maximum stress for holes of different configurations such as holes in a finite-width plate (2D), multiple holes (2D), staggered holes (2D), and holes in an infinite plate (3D). The predictions are based on their respective coarse mesh with… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Quercetin regulates depression-like behavior in CUMS rat models via TLR4/NF-κB signaling

    YUANYUAN LI1, BITAO ZHANG1, ZILONG CUI1, PEIJIAN FAN1, SHAOXIAN WANG1,2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.5, pp. 731-744, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.048820

    Abstract Background: Depression is becoming increasingly prevalent around the world, imposing a substantial burden on individuals, families, as well as society. Quercetin is known to be highly effective in treating depression. However, additional research is needed to dissect the mechanisms of its anti-depressive effects. Methods: For this study, Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomized into the control, model, quercetin, or fluoxetine group. The latter three groups were exposed to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) for 42 d. The first two groups received saline solution daily via oral gavage. Meanwhile, the quercetin group was orally administered a quercetin suspension… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    How Emotion Nurtures Mentality: The Influencing Mechanism of Social-Emotional Competency on the Mental Health of University Students

    Yulei Chen1, Zhaojun Chen1,2, Shichao Wang1, Yang Hang1, Jianpeng Guo1,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.4, pp. 303-315, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2024.046863

    Abstract Social-Emotional Competency (SEC), regarded as a critical psychological resource for individuals to adapt to social environments, is an effective protective factor for students’ mental health, impacting their future success and well-being. Analyzing the impact of SEC on university students’ mental health can offer valuable insights for nurturing talents with healthy psychological and physical development. Based on data from two large-scale surveys of Chinese university students, this study designed two comprehensive Multiple Mediation Models involving SEC, stress, coping strategies, and stress reaction to explore the pathway of emotion nurturing mentality. Study 1 utilized a parallel mediation model… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Modulus Heterogeneity on the Equilibrium Shape and Stress Field of α Precipitate in Ti-6Al-4V

    Di Qiu1,3,4, Rongpei Shi2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 1017-1028, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048797

    Abstract For media with inclusions (e.g., precipitates, voids, reinforcements, and others), the difference in lattice parameter and the elastic modulus between the matrix and inclusions cause stress concentration at the interfaces. These stress fields depend on the inclusions’ size, shape, and distribution and will respond instantly to the evolving microstructure. This study develops a phase-field model concerning modulus heterogeneity. The effect of modulus heterogeneity on the growth process and equilibrium state of the α plate in Ti-6Al-4V during precipitation is evaluated. The α precipitate exhibits strong anisotropy in shape upon cooling due to the interplay of the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Probabilistic-Ellipsoid Hybrid Reliability Multi-Material Topology Optimization Method Based on Stress Constraint

    Zibin Mao1, Qinghai Zhao1,2,*, Liang Zhang1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 757-792, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048016

    Abstract This paper proposes a multi-material topology optimization method based on the hybrid reliability of the probability-ellipsoid model with stress constraint for the stochastic uncertainty and epistemic uncertainty of mechanical loads in optimization design. The probabilistic model is combined with the ellipsoidal model to describe the uncertainty of mechanical loads. The topology optimization formula is combined with the ordered solid isotropic material with penalization (ordered-SIMP) multi-material interpolation model. The stresses of all elements are integrated into a global stress measurement that approximates the maximum stress using the normalized p-norm function. Furthermore, the sequential optimization and reliability assessment… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Conditional Generative Adversarial Network Enabled Localized Stress Recovery of Periodic Composites

    Chengkan Xu1,2,4, Xiaofei Wang3, Yixuan Li2, Guannan Wang2,*, He Zhang2,4,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 957-974, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047327

    Abstract Structural damage in heterogeneous materials typically originates from microstructures where stress concentration occurs. Therefore, evaluating the magnitude and location of localized stress distributions within microstructures under external loading is crucial. Repeating unit cells (RUCs) are commonly used to represent microstructural details and homogenize the effective response of composites. This work develops a machine learning-based micromechanics tool to accurately predict the stress distributions of extracted RUCs. The locally exact homogenization theory efficiently generates the microstructural stresses of RUCs with a wide range of parameters, including volume fraction, fiber/matrix property ratio, fiber shapes, and loading direction. Subsequently, More > Graphic Abstract

    Conditional Generative Adversarial Network Enabled Localized Stress Recovery of Periodic Composites

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