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  • Open Access


    Impact of Different Rates of Nitrogen Supplementation on Soil Physicochemical Properties and Microbial Diversity in Goji Berry

    Xiaojie Liang1,2, Wei An2, Yuekun Li2, Yajun Wang2, Xiaoya Qin2, Yanhong Cui1, Shuchai Su1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 467-486, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.047628


    Goji berry (Lycium barbarum L.) is substantially dependent on nitrogen fertilizer application, which can significantly enhance fruit yield and Goji berry industrial development in Ningxia, China. This study aimed to analyze the functions of differential nitrogen application rates including low (N1), medium (N2), and high (N3) levels in soil microbial community structure (bacterial and fungal) at 2 diverse soil depths (0–20, 20–40 cm) through high-throughput sequencing technology by targeting 16S RNA gene and ITS1 & ITS2 regions. All the observed physicochemical parameters exhibited significant improvement (p < 0.05) with increased levels of nitrogen and the highest

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  • Open Access


    Seed Priming and Foliar Supplementation with β-aminobutyric Acid Alleviates Drought Stress through Mitigation of Oxidative Stress and Enhancement of Antioxidant Defense in Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.)

    Tauqeer Ahmad Yasir1,2, Muhammad Ateeq1,3, Allah Wasaya1,2,*, Mubshar Hussain2, Naeem Sarwar2, Khuram Mubeen4, Mudassir Aziz4, Muhammad Aamir Iqbal5, Chukwuma C. Ogbaga6, Ibrahim Al-Ashkar7, Md Atikur Rahman8, Ayman El Sabagh9,10,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.11, pp. 3113-3131, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029502

    Abstract Drought is one of the critical limitations to agricultural soils and crop plants. Scarcity of water is increasing due to climate change that lead to increasing threats to global food security. Therefore, ecofriendly and cost effective strategies are highly desirable for mitigating drought stress along with sustainable and smart agricultural production. The aim of the study was to mitigate DS using seed priming and exogenous supplementation of β-aminobutyric acid (BABA) in linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Different doses (0, 50, 100 and 150 µM) of BABA were used for seed priming agent and foliar spraying under three… More >

  • Open Access


    Performance Assessment and Configuration Analysis in the Study of SCADA System (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition)

    R. Vanalakshmi1, S. Maragathasundari1,*, M. Kameswari1, B. Balamurugan2, C. Swedheetha3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 1399-1419, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.038506

    Abstract Queuing models are used to assess the functionality and aesthetics of SCADA systems for supervisory control and data collection. Here, the main emphasis is on how the queuing theory can be used in the system’s design and analysis. The analysis’s findings indicate that by using queuing models, cost-performance ratios close to the ideal might be attained. This article discusses a novel methodology for evaluating the service-oriented survivability of SCADA systems. In order to evaluate the state of service performance and the system’s overall resilience, the framework applies queuing theory to an analytical model. As a More >

  • Open Access


    L’euthanasie et le suicide assisté seront-ils bientôt en France des alternatives supplémentaires dans l’offre de soins à la fin de la vie ?

    M.-F. Bacqué, I. Dumont, J. Maclure, P. Guex, L. Fasse, M. Derzelle

    Psycho-Oncologie, Vol.16, No.2, pp. 219-222, 2022, DOI:10.3166/pson-2022-0200

    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access


    Effects of docosahexaenoic acid or arachidonic acid supplementation on the behavior of cardiomyocytes derived from human pluripotent stem cells


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.5, pp. 1095-1106, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.028186

    Abstract Background: Human heart changes its energetic substrates from lactate and glucose to fatty acids during the neonatal period. Noticing the lack of fatty acids in media for the culture of cardiomyocytes derived from human pluripotent stem cells (hiPS-CM), researchers have supplemented mixtures of fatty acids to hiPS-CM and reported the enhancement in the maturation of hiPS-CM. In our previous studies, we separately supplemented two polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or arachidonic acid (AA), to rat fetal cardiomyocytes and found that the supplementations upregulated the expressions of mRNAs for cardiomyocyte differentiation, fatty acid metabolism, and… More >

  • Open Access


    Retrospective Analysis of Postprandial Glucose-Response Data Collected in a Free-Living Environment

    Colleen Crangle1,2,*, Bude Piccin2, Lara Hyde3, Elin Östman4

    Journal of Intelligent Medicine and Healthcare, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 91-102, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jimh.2022.038379

    Abstract Postprandial glucose responses provide vital information on an individual’s risk of major diet-related chronic diseases. This study features digital health technology, namely Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) sensors, along with mobile devices (iPhones running an app) used to collect data from individuals and their environment, specifically nutritional information on what they eat and drink. The paper presents a retrospective analysis of data collected during an investigation into the use of a functional drink taken as a supplement with a standardized meal to reduce postprandial responses to that meal. Given that there are consequential differences between individuals… More >

  • Open Access


    A Pilot Study of Silymarin as Supplementation to Reduce Toxicities in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Patients Treated With First-Line FOLFIRI Plus Bevacizumab

    Tsung-Kun Chang*†, Tzu-Chieh Yin‡§, Wei-Chih Su*†, Hsiang-Lin Tsai, Ching-Wen Huang, Yen-Cheng Chen*, Ching-Chun Li*, Po-Jung Chen*, Cheng-Jen Ma, Kuo-Hsiang Chuang#, Tian-Lu Cheng**, Jaw-Yuan Wang*†¶††‡‡§§

    Oncology Research, Vol.28, No.7-8, pp. 801-809, 2020, DOI:10.3727/096504021X16218531628569

    Abstract Irinotecan, a topoisomerase inhibitor, is a common cytotoxic agent prescribed for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. Diarrhea is the most common adverse event (AE). The underlying mechanism of irinotecaninduced diarrhea is intestinal mucosal damage caused by SN-38 (active metabolite of irinotecan) hydrolyzed from SN-38G (inactive metabolite) by bacterial -glucuronidase ( G). According to an animal study, silymarin reduces the activity of bacterial G without impairing antitumor efficacy. We conducted a prospective openlabel pilot study to evaluate the effect of silymarin as supplementation in reducing toxicities of mCRC patients undergoing irinotecan-based chemotherapy. We enrolled and randomized More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Lycopus lucidus Turcz. supplementation on gut microflora and short chain fatty acid composition in Crj: CD-1 mice


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.9, pp. 2101-2109, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.019807

    Abstract We investigated the diversity and composition of microflora in feces of Lycopus lucidus Turcz.-fed mice. In addition, we evaluated the production of major cytokines (Interleukin-6 and -10) which are related to inflammation and fatty acid composition of several tissues. 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing-based microbiome taxonomic profiling analysis was performed utilizing the EzBioCloud data base. Male mice fed on L. lucidus showed a significantly reduced number of lactic acid bacteria and coliform in the feces compared with the control group (p < 0.05). 16S rDNA sequencing analysis of fecal samples showed that L. lucidus supplementation decreased the community of… More >

  • Open Access


    Pathways for Sustainable Utilization of Waste Chicken Eggshell

    Omojola Awogbemi1,*, Daramy Vandi Von Kallon1, Victor Sunday Aigbodion2,3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.8, pp. 2217-2246, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.019152

    Abstract Chicken eggshell is one of the most common wastes generated from households, restaurants and other food processing outlets. Waste Chicken Eggshells (WCES) also constitutes an environmental nuisance and ends up discarded at dumping site with no consideration of further usage. The main constituent of WCES is calcium carbonate from which calcium or calcium oxide can be extracted for various applications. This current effort reviews recently published literature on the diverse applications of WCES. The considered utilization avenues include catalysts for biofuel production, construction industry, wastewater purification, industrial sector, food industry, medical, and agricultural applications. The… More > Graphic Abstract

    Pathways for Sustainable Utilization of Waste Chicken Eggshell

  • Open Access


    Influence of Nutritional Supplementation and Sports Training on the Physical Fitness of Track and Field Athletes

    Wenbing Zhu*

    Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, Vol.19, No.2, pp. 89-96, 2022, DOI:10.32604/mcb.2022.018522

    Abstract This study aims to understand the influence of nutritional supplementation and sports training on the physical fitness of track and field athletes. Twenty track and field athletes from Chongqing Normal University were supplemented with nutrition and trained for eight weeks. Water, sugar, and vitamins were supplemented. They were trained three times a week, two hours each time. One hour was for special track and field training, and one hour was for physical training. Before and after the experiment, the body composition, sports quality, and functional movement screening (FMS) of the athletes were tested. Compared with More >

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