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  • Open Access


    Blockchain-Enabled Cybersecurity Provision for Scalable Heterogeneous Network: A Comprehensive Survey

    Md. Shohidul Islam1,*, Md. Arafatur Rahman2, Mohamed Ariff Bin Ameedeen1, Husnul Ajra1, Zahian Binti Ismail1, Jasni Mohamad Zain3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.1, pp. 43-123, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028687

    Abstract Blockchain-enabled cybersecurity system to ensure and strengthen decentralized digital transaction is gradually gaining popularity in the digital era for various areas like finance, transportation, healthcare, education, and supply chain management. Blockchain interactions in the heterogeneous network have fascinated more attention due to the authentication of their digital application exchanges. However, the exponential development of storage space capabilities across the blockchain-based heterogeneous network has become an important issue in preventing blockchain distribution and the extension of blockchain nodes. There is the biggest challenge of data integrity and scalability, including significant computing complexity and inapplicable latency on regional network diversity, operating system… More > Graphic Abstract

    Blockchain-Enabled Cybersecurity Provision for Scalable Heterogeneous Network: A Comprehensive Survey

  • Open Access


    Comprehensive Survey of the Landscape of Digital Twin Technologies and Their Diverse Applications

    Haiyu Chen1, Haijian Shao1,2,*, Xing Deng1, Lijuan Wang1, Xia Wang3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.1, pp. 125-165, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.027834

    Abstract The concept of the digital twin, also known colloquially as the DT, is a fundamental principle within Industry 4.0 framework. In recent years, the concept of digital siblings has generated considerable academic and practical interest. However, academia and industry have used a variety of interpretations, and the scientific literature lacks a unified and consistent definition of this term. The purpose of this study is to systematically examine the definitional landscape of the digital twin concept as outlined in scholarly literature, beginning with its origins in the aerospace domain and extending to its contemporary interpretations in the manufacturing industry. Notably, this… More >

  • Open Access


    A Survey on Deep Learning-Based 2D Human Pose Estimation Models

    Sani Salisu1,2, A. S. A. Mohamed1,*, M. H. Jaafar3, Ainun S. B. Pauzi1, Hussain A. Younis1,4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 2385-2400, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035904

    Abstract In this article, a comprehensive survey of deep learning-based (DL-based) human pose estimation (HPE) that can help researchers in the domain of computer vision is presented. HPE is among the fastest-growing research domains of computer vision and is used in solving several problems for human endeavours. After the detailed introduction, three different human body modes followed by the main stages of HPE and two pipelines of two-dimensional (2D) HPE are presented. The details of the four components of HPE are also presented. The keypoints output format of two popular 2D HPE datasets and the most cited DL-based HPE articles from… More >

  • Open Access


    The whole-genome survey of Acer griseum, its polymorphic simple sequence repeats development and application


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.8, pp. 1907-1913, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.030191

    Abstract Background: Acer griseum Pax is an endangered species endemic to China with both ornamental and economic value. However, the lack of information on its genome size and characteristics hinders further work at the genome level. Methods: This paper applied bioinformatics methods to predict the characteristics and patterns of the A. griseum genome, providing an important basis for formulating its whole-genome sequencing scheme. This study also characterized the simple sequence repeats (SSRs) of A. griseum, laying the foundation for the development and application of genome-wide SSR markers. In this study, PE150 sequencing was performed by the BGI MGISEQ platform, and the… More >

  • Open Access


    Medical Students’ Views on Psychiatry in Germany and Italy: Survey

    Andy Man Yeung Tai1,*, Janet Suen2, Mostafa Mamdouh Kamel2, Georg Schomerus3, Angelo Giovanni Icro Maremmaniz4, Reinhard Michael Krausz1

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.9, pp. 985-993, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.030087

    Abstract Objectives: In 2019, the Insititue for Health Metrics and Evaluation reported that 16% of life lost were attributed to mental health. As a result, global shortage of psychiatrists is a pressing issue due to the increasing burden of mental illness. In 2016, a mere 5% of US medical students chose psychiatry as a career, a trend mirrored in Germany and Italy. As the medical students of 2016 have graduated or transitioned into residency in 2023, their attitudes towards psychiatry could have contributed to today’s shortage of psychiatrists. The global mental health burden has only been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic.… More >

  • Open Access


    Managing Smart Technologies with Software-Defined Networks for Routing and Security Challenges: A Survey

    Babangida Isyaku1,2, Kamalrulnizam Bin Abu Bakar2,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1839-1879, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.040456

    Abstract Smart environments offer various services, including smart cities, e-healthcare, transportation, and wearable devices, generating multiple traffic flows with different Quality of Service (QoS) demands. Achieving the desired QoS with security in this heterogeneous environment can be challenging due to traffic flows and device management, unoptimized routing with resource awareness, and security threats. Software Defined Networks (SDN) can help manage these devices through centralized SDN controllers and address these challenges. Various schemes have been proposed to integrate SDN with emerging technologies for better resource utilization and security. Software Defined Wireless Body Area Networks (SDWBAN) and Software Defined Internet of Things (SDIoT)… More >

  • Open Access


    Systematic Survey on Big Data Analytics and Artificial Intelligence for COVID-19 Containment

    Saeed M. Alshahrani1, Jameel Almalki2, Waleed Alshehri2, Rashid Mehmood3, Marwan Albahar2, Najlaa Jannah2, Nayyar Ahmed Khan1,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1793-1817, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039648

    Abstract Artificial Intelligence (AI) has gained popularity for the containment of COVID-19 pandemic applications. Several AI techniques provide efficient mechanisms for handling pandemic situations. AI methods, protocols, data sets, and various validation mechanisms empower the users towards proper decision-making and procedures to handle the situation. Despite so many tools, there still exist conditions in which AI must go a long way. To increase the adaptability and potential of these techniques, a combination of AI and Bigdata is currently gaining popularity. This paper surveys and analyzes the methods within the various computational paradigms used by different researchers and national governments, such as… More >

  • Open Access


    A Survey on Acute Leukemia Expression Data Classification Using Ensembles

    Abdel Nasser H. Zaied1, Ehab Rushdy2, Mona Gamal3,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1349-1364, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.033596

    Abstract Acute leukemia is an aggressive disease that has high mortality rates worldwide. The error rate can be as high as 40% when classifying acute leukemia into its subtypes. So, there is an urgent need to support hematologists during the classification process. More than two decades ago, researchers used microarray gene expression data to classify cancer and adopted acute leukemia as a test case. The high classification accuracy they achieved confirmed that it is possible to classify cancer subtypes using microarray gene expression data. Ensemble machine learning is an effective method that combines individual classifiers to classify new samples. Ensemble classifiers… More >

  • Open Access


    Survey of Resources Allocation Techniques with a Quality of Service (QoS) Aware in a Fog Computing Environment

    Wan Norsyafizan W. Muhamad1, Kaharudin Dimyati2, Muhammad Awais Javed3, Suzi Seroja Sarnin1,*, Divine Senanu Ametefe1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.1, pp. 1291-1308, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.037214

    Abstract The tremendous advancement in distributed computing and Internet of Things (IoT) applications has resulted in the adoption of fog computing as today’s widely used framework complementing cloud computing. Thus, suitable and effective applications could be performed to satisfy the applications’ latency requirement. Resource allocation techniques are essential aspects of fog networks which prevent unbalanced load distribution. Effective resource management techniques can improve the quality of service metrics. Due to the limited and heterogeneous resources available within the fog infrastructure, the fog layer’s resources need to be optimised to efficiently manage and distribute them to different applications within the IoT network.… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep and Continuous Sedation until Death: What Do Caregivers Experience?
    Qualitative Exploratory Survey in Oncology

    Sédation profonde et continue jusqu’au décès : qu’en vivent les soignants ?
    Enquête exploratoire qualitative en oncologie

    D. Peyrat-Apicella, Y. Chemrouk

    Psycho-Oncologie, Vol.16, No.4, pp. 381-387, 2022, DOI:10.3166/pson-2022-0214

    Abstract Aim: The recent Claeys-Leonetti law of 2016 recognizes the patient’s right to deep and continuous sedation until death if the patient so requests. On a daily basis, how do health-care teams appropriate this new possibility and adapt to these specific end-of-life situations?
    Procedure: We conducted semi-structured interviews with six volunteer caregivers from each profession (two physicians, two nurses, and two nursing assistants) in a medical oncology and radiotherapy department. The interviews were analyzed using a thematic content analysis method, in order to report on the experiences of the care professionals with regard to the SPCJD protocols and the consequences for… More >

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