Open Access iconOpen Access

REVIEW

crossmark

A Survey on Chinese Sign Language Recognition: From Traditional Methods to Artificial Intelligence

Xianwei Jiang1, Yanqiong Zhang1,*, Juan Lei1, Yudong Zhang2,3,*

1 School of Mathematics and Information Science, Nanjing Normal University of Special Education, Nanjing, 210038, China
2 School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK
3 Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Authors: Yanqiong Zhang. Email: email; Yudong Zhang. Email: email

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2024, 140(1), 1-40. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2024.047649

Abstract

Research on Chinese Sign Language (CSL) provides convenience and support for individuals with hearing impairments to communicate and integrate into society. This article reviews the relevant literature on Chinese Sign Language Recognition (CSLR) in the past 20 years. Hidden Markov Models (HMM), Support Vector Machines (SVM), and Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) were found to be the most commonly employed technologies among traditional identification methods. Benefiting from the rapid development of computer vision and artificial intelligence technology, Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), 3D-CNN, YOLO, Capsule Network (CapsNet) and various deep neural networks have sprung up. Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) and their derived models are integral to modern artificial intelligence recognition methods. In addition, technologies that were widely used in the early days have also been integrated and applied to specific hybrid models and customized identification methods. Sign language data collection includes acquiring data from data gloves, data sensors (such as Kinect, Leap Motion, etc.), and high-definition photography. Meanwhile, facial expression recognition, complex background processing, and 3D sign language recognition have also attracted research interests among scholars. Due to the uniqueness and complexity of Chinese sign language, accuracy, robustness, real-time performance, and user independence are significant challenges for future sign language recognition research. Additionally, suitable datasets and evaluation criteria are also worth pursuing.

Keywords


Cite This Article

APA Style
Jiang, X., Zhang, Y., Lei, J., Zhang, Y. (2024). A survey on chinese sign language recognition: from traditional methods to artificial intelligence. Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 140(1), 1-40. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2024.047649
Vancouver Style
Jiang X, Zhang Y, Lei J, Zhang Y. A survey on chinese sign language recognition: from traditional methods to artificial intelligence. Comput Model Eng Sci. 2024;140(1):1-40 https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2024.047649
IEEE Style
X. Jiang, Y. Zhang, J. Lei, and Y. Zhang "A Survey on Chinese Sign Language Recognition: From Traditional Methods to Artificial Intelligence," Comput. Model. Eng. Sci., vol. 140, no. 1, pp. 1-40. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2024.047649



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 516

    View

  • 306

    Download

  • 1

    Like

Share Link