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Application of Automated Guided Vehicles in Smart Automated Warehouse Systems: A Survey

Zheng Zhang, Juan Chen*, Qing Guo

Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, 100029, China

* Corresponding Author: Juan Chen. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Computer Modeling for Smart Cities Applications)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2023, 134(3), 1529-1563. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2022.021451

Abstract

Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs) have been introduced into various applications, such as automated warehouse systems, flexible manufacturing systems, and container terminal systems. However, few publications have outlined problems in need of attention in AGV applications comprehensively. In this paper, several key issues and essential models are presented. First, the advantages and disadvantages of centralized and decentralized AGVs systems were compared; second, warehouse layout and operation optimization were introduced, including some omitted areas, such as AGVs fleet size and electrical energy management; third, AGVs scheduling algorithms in chessboardlike environments were analyzed; fourth, the classical route-planning algorithms for single AGV and multiple AGVs were presented, and some Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based decision-making algorithms were reviewed. Furthermore, a novel idea for accelerating route planning by combining Reinforcement Learning (RL) and Dijkstra’s algorithm was presented, and a novel idea of the multi-AGV route-planning method of combining dynamic programming and Monte-Carlo tree search was proposed to reduce the energy cost of systems.

Graphical Abstract

Application of Automated Guided Vehicles in Smart Automated Warehouse Systems: A Survey

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Zhang, Z., Chen, J., Guo, Q. (2023). Application of automated guided vehicles in smart automated warehouse systems: A survey. Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 134(3), 1529-1563. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2022.021451
Vancouver Style
Zhang Z, Chen J, Guo Q. Application of automated guided vehicles in smart automated warehouse systems: A survey. Comput Model Eng Sci. 2023;134(3):1529-1563 https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2022.021451
IEEE Style
Z. Zhang, J. Chen, and Q. Guo "Application of Automated Guided Vehicles in Smart Automated Warehouse Systems: A Survey," Comput. Model. Eng. Sci., vol. 134, no. 3, pp. 1529-1563. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2022.021451



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