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  • Open Access


    A Survey on Security Threats and Solutions of Bitcoin

    Le Lai1,*,Tongqing Zhou1, Zhiping Cai1, Zhiyao Liang2, Hao Bai1

    Journal of Cyber Security, Vol.3, No.1, pp. 29-44, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jcs.2021.016349

    Abstract Bitcoin is known as the first decentralized digital currency around the world. It uses blockchain technology to store transaction data in a distributed public ledger, is a distributed ledger that removes third-party trust institutions. Since its invention, bitcoin has achieved great success, has a market value of about $200 billion. However, while bitcoin has brought a wide and far-reaching impact in the financial field, it has also exposed some security problems, such as selfish mining attacks, Sybil attack, eclipse attacks, routing attacks, EREBUS attacks, and so on. This paper gives a comprehensive overview of various attack scenarios that the bitcoin… More >

  • Open Access


    Assessing User’s Susceptibility and Awareness of Cybersecurity Threats

    Maha M. Althobaiti*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.28, No.1, pp. 167-177, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.016660

    Abstract Cybersecurity threats, including those involving machine learning, malware, phishing, and cryptocurrency, have become more sophisticated. They target sensitive information and put institutions, governments, and individuals in a continual state of risk. In 2019, phishing attacks became one of the most common and dangerous cyber threats. Such attacks attempt to steal sensitive data, such as login and payment card details, from financial, social, and educational websites. Many universities have suffered data breaches, serving as a prime example of victims of attacks on educational websites. Owing to advances in phishing tactics, strategies, and technologies, the end-user is the main victim of an… More >

  • Open Access


    Security Threats to Business Information Systems Using NFC Read/Write Mode

    Sergio Rios-Aguilar1,2,*, Marta Beltrán2, González-Crespo Rubén3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.3, pp. 2955-2969, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014969

    Abstract Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) and related technologies such as Near Field Communication (NFC) are becoming essential in industrial contexts thanks to their ability to perform contactless data exchange, either device-to-device or tag-to-device. One of the three main operation modes of NFC, called read/write mode, makes use of the latter type of interaction. It is extensively used in business information systems that make use of NFC tags to provide the end-user with augmented information in one of several available NFC data exchange formats, such as plain text, simple URLs or enriched URLs. Using a wide variety of physical form factors, NFC-compatible… More >

  • Open Access


    A Cyber Kill Chain Approach for Detecting Advanced Persistent Threats

    Yussuf Ahmed1,*, A.Taufiq Asyhari1, Md Arafatur Rahman2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.2, pp. 2497-2513, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014223

    Abstract The number of cybersecurity incidents is on the rise despite significant investment in security measures. The existing conventional security approaches have demonstrated limited success against some of the more complex cyber-attacks. This is primarily due to the sophistication of the attacks and the availability of powerful tools. Interconnected devices such as the Internet of Things (IoT) are also increasing attack exposures due to the increase in vulnerabilities. Over the last few years, we have seen a trend moving towards embracing edge technologies to harness the power of IoT devices and 5G networks. Edge technology brings processing power closer to the… More >

  • Open Access


    Generic Attribute Scoring for Information Decay in Threat Information Sharing Platform

    Mohammed Alshehri*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.1, pp. 917-931, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014848

    Abstract Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) has gained massive attention to collect hidden knowledge for a better understanding of the various cyber-attacks and eventually paving the way for predicting the future of such attacks. The information exchange and collaborative sharing through different platforms have a significant contribution towards a global solution. While CTI and the information exchange can help a lot in focusing and prioritizing on the use of the large volume of complex information among different organizations, there exists a great challenge ineffective processing of large count of different Indicators of Threat (IoT) which appear regularly, and that can be solved… More >

  • Open Access


    Multilayer Self-Defense System to Protect Enterprise Cloud

    Shailendra Mishra, Sunil Kumar Sharma*, Majed A. Alowaidi

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 71-85, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012475

    Abstract A data breach can seriously impact organizational intellectual property, resources, time, and product value. The risk of system intrusion is augmented by the intrinsic openness of commonly utilized technologies like TCP/IP protocols. As TCP relies on IP addresses, an attacker may easily trace the IP address of the organization. Given that many organizations run the risk of data breach and cyber-attacks at a certain point, a repeatable and well-developed incident response framework is critical to shield them. Enterprise cloud possesses the challenges of security, lack of transparency, trust and loss of controls. Technology eases quickens the processing of information but… More >

  • Open Access


    Cyber-security Risk Assessment Framework for Critical Infrastructures

    Zubair Baig1, Sherali Zeadally2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.25, No.1, pp. 121-129, 2019, DOI:10.31209/2018.100000049

    Abstract A critical infrastructure provides essential services to a nation’s population. Interruptions in its smooth operations are highly undesirable because they will cause significant and devastating consequences on all stakeholders in the society. In order to provide sustained protection to a nation’s critical infrastructure, we must continually assess and evaluate the risks thereof. We propose a risk assessment framework that can evaluate the risks posed to the security of a critical infrastructure from threat agents, with a special emphasis on the smart grid communications infrastructure. The framework defines finegrained risk identification to help quantify and assess exploitable vulnerabilities within a critical… More >

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