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  • Open Access


    Video-Based Interventions for Adolescents and Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review

    Mohammed Al Jaffal*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.8, pp. 881-890, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.028982

    Abstract Many individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience delays in the development of social and communications skills, which can limit their opportunities in higher education and employment resulting in an overall negative impact to their quality of life. This systematic review identifies 15 studies that explored the effectiveness of Video-Based Interventions (VBIs) for those with ASD during the critical years of adolescence and young adulthood. The 15 studies described herein found this to be an effective intervention for this population for the improvement of their vocational, daily living, and academic skills. In addition, VBIs allow for the maintenance and generalization… More >

  • Open Access


    An AYA with Cancer Confronted with the Grief of a Peer: an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis

    La confrontation au deuil d’un pair chez une AJA atteinte de cancer. Une analyse phénoménologique interprétative

    J. Phan, V. Laurence, P. Marec-Berard, C. Cordero, C. Riberon, C. Flahault

    Psycho-Oncologie, Vol.16, No.2, pp. 243-252, 2022, DOI:10.3166/pson-2022-0197

    Abstract Aims: Adolescents and Young Adults (AYAs) with cancer facing the loss of another AYA with cancer may face a “triple task”: the process of adolescence, psychological adjustment to cancer, and the bereavement process of a sick peer. The aim of this study was to explore the processes underlying the loss of a sick peer in AYAs with cancer.
    Procedure: A single interview was submitted to an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA), designed to understand the system of meanings attached to a subjective and intimate phenomenon such as bereavement.
    Results: Six major themes emerge from the IPA: the life course; the care… More >

  • Open Access


    « Sans tabou »
    Une web-série pour aborder la sexualité chez les jeunes patients atteints de cancer

    “No Taboo”
    A Web-Series to Approach the Theme of Sexual Life in Young Patients with Cancer

    F. Ait-Kaci, S. Vanderosieren, C. Lervat

    Psycho-Oncologie, Vol.16, No.3, pp. 289-293, 2022, DOI:10.3166/pson-2022-0205

    Abstract Even upset by cancer, sexuality can remain a source of satisfaction for young patients. However, in the general mind, sexuality and cancer appear as two taboos, two contradictory phenomena which cannot coexist together. To overcome this paradox, the web-series named No Taboo offers itself as a mediation tool specific to the 17 to 25 age group, which tackles with acuity and humor, the theme of love and sexual life during cancer. Its objectives are to encourage health professionals to approach this subject in a fun and didactic way; to fight the received ideas on cancer, treatment, and sexuality; to free… More >

  • Open Access


    Acute Effects of Virtual Reality Exercise on Young Adults’ Blood Pressure and Feelings

    Pablo Saiz-Gonzalez1,2, Daniel J. McDonough3, Wenxi Liu4, Zan Gao1,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.5, pp. 711-719, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.027530

    Abstract Virtual reality (VR) seems to have the potential to provide opportunities to promote physical activity (PA) in a fun way. This paper aimed to examine the acute effects of three different virtual reality-based exercise bikes on young adults’ blood pressure (BP) and feelings compared to a traditional exercise cycling session. Four exercise sessions (immersive VR cycling, two non-immersive VR cycling, and traditional cycling) were completed by 36 young adults (22 females; Mage = 23.6 years). BP was measured immediately before and after each session using a BP cuff and exercise-induced feelings were assessed via an established survey immediately after each… More >

  • Open Access


    Physical exercise, Sedentary Behaviour, Sleep and Depression Symptoms in Chinese Young Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Compositional Isotemporal Analysis

    Jianjun Su1, Enxiu Wei1, Cain Clark2, Kaixin Liang3, Xiaojiao Sun4,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.24, No.5, pp. 759-769, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.020152

    Abstract Numerous studies links movement activity (e.g., physical activity, sedentary behavior [SB], and sleep) with mental health or illness indicators during the COVID-19 pandemic; however, research has typically examined time-use behaviors independently, rather than considering daily activity as a 24-hour time-use composition. This cross-sectional study aimed to use compositional isotemporal analysis to estimate the association between reallocation of time-use behaviors and depression symptoms in young adults in China. Participants (n = 1475; 68.0% of female; 20.7 [1.60] years) reported their time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), light physical activity (LPA), SB, and sleep. Replacing SB with sleep, LPA,… More >

  • Open Access


    Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Health-Related Concerns, Quality of Life and Psychological Adjustment in Young Adults with Congenital Heart Disease

    Flavia M. Wehrle1,2,3, Markus A. Landolt3,4,5, Beatrice Latal1,3, Sarah Rometsch6, Matthias Greutmann7,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.15, No.5, pp. 301-308, 2020, DOI:10.32604/CHD.2020.013078

    Abstract Background: The risk for a severe disease course in case of infection with SARS-CoV-2 in young adults with congenital heart disease is largely unknown, potentially leading to uncertainty and anxiety among affected patients. This study aims to investigate health-related concerns, health-related quality of life and psychological adjustment in patients with congenital heart disease compared to healthy peers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: One-hundred patients with congenital heart disease and 50 controls (M = 29.7, SD = 3.8 years) were recruited. They completed an online survey including the assessment of health-related concerns regarding COVID-19, the 12-item Short Form Health Survey and… More >

  • Open Access


    Obesity trends in children, adolescents, and young adults with congenital heart disease

    Jeremy M. Steele1,2, Tamar J. Preminger4, Francine G. Erenberg2, Lu Wang3, Katherine Dell2, Tarek Alsaied1, Kenneth G. Zahka2

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.14, No.4, pp. 517-524, 2019, DOI:10.1111/chd.12754

    Abstract Objectives: To determine the prevalence, age of onset, and risk factors for overweight and obesity in children with congenital heart disease (CHD).
    Study Design: Children with CHD who were seen at our institution from 1996 to 2017 were studied. Patients were full-time residents of the United States and were receiving all cardiac care at our institution. Patients were categorized by age and CHD diagnosis. The date of last normal weight for age and the date of first recorded weight in the range of overweight and obese were documented.
    Results: Nine hundred sixty-eight patients with CHD were included. The prevalence of… More >

  • Open Access


    Coronary artery bypass grafting in infants, children, and young adults for acquired and congenital lesions

    Constantine Mavroudis

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.12, No.5, pp. 644-646, 2017, DOI:10.1111/chd.12491

    Abstract Coronary artery disease ranges from congenital in origin such as anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) to acquired diseases such as Kawasaki disease, and previously repaired conditions such as transposition of the great arteries. It is not uncommon, in the long run, for proximal coronary stenosis to develop following arterial switch, AAOCA repair, Ross procedure and Kawasaki disease leading to coronary artery bypass grafing (CABG). The objective of this report is to discuss the indications, challenges, and outcomes of CABG in infants, children, and young adults with acquired and congenital lesions. More >

  • Open Access


    Improving the quality of transition and transfer of care in young adults with congenital heart disease

    Ian K. Everitt1, Jennifer F. Gerardin2, Fred H. Rodriguez2,3, Wendy M. Book2

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.12, No.3, pp. 242-25, 2017, DOI:10.1111/chd.12463

    Abstract The transition and transfer from pediatric to adult care is becoming increasingly important as improvements in the diagnosis and management of congenital heart disease allow patients to live longer. Transition is a complex and continuous process that requires careful planning. Inadequate transition has adverse effects on patients, their families and healthcare delivery systems. Currently, significant gaps exist in patient care as adolescents transfer to adult care and there are little data to drive the informed management of transition and transfer of care in adolescent congenital heart disease patients. Appropriate congenital heart disease care has been shown to decrease mortality in… More >

  • Open Access


    What is the role of apical ventriculotomy in children and young adults with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

    Alex J. Thompson1, Joseph A. Dearani2, Jonathan N. Johnson1,3, Hartzell V. Schaff2, Eric C. Towe1, Jared Palfreeman1, Philip L. Wackel1, Frank Cetta1,3

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.13, No.4, pp. 617-623, 2018, DOI:10.1111/chd.12618

    Abstract Background: The transapical approach has been utilized in adult HCM patients with either midventricular obstruction or a small LV cavity; however, there are little data on its use in children.
    Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all patients (age <21 years) with HCM who underwent a transapical myectomy from January 2002 to December 2016. Indication for surgery was midventricular obstruction in 19/23 (83%) and small LV cavity in 4 (17%). Preoperative symptoms included: dyspnea (96%), chest pain (65%), presyncope (61%), and syncope (35%). The mean age at the time of operation was 14 ± 4.0 years (range, 4–20).
    Results: Overall, 23 patients… More >

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