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  • Fatigue Performance of Orthotropic Steel Decks in Super-Wide Steel Box Girder Considering Transverse Distribution of Vehicle Load
  • Abstract This study presents an investigation on the fatigue analysis of four types of details on orthotropic steel decks (OSDs) for a cable-stayed super-wide steel box girder bridge based on finite-element analysis (FEA) with vehicle transverse distribution model (VTDM). A high-fidelity 3D FE model verified by the static load test is established to satisfy the fatigue analysis accuracy. The stress behavior of super-wide steel box girders under the vehicle load at different lane locations is investigated. Then, considering the effect of VTDM, the fatigue life analysis of four typical details is performed using the Miner cumulative damage rule. The results show…
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  • A TimeImageNet Sequence Learning for Remaining Useful Life Estimation of Turbofan Engine in Aircraft Systems
  • Abstract Internet of Things systems generate a large amount of sensor data that needs to be analyzed for extracting useful insights on the health status of the machine under consideration. Sensor data of all possible states of a system are used for building machine learning models. These models are further used to predict the possible downtime for proactive action on the system condition. Aircraft engine data from run to failure is used in the current study. The run to failure data includes states like new installation, stable operation, first reported issue, erroneous operation, and final failure. In the present work, the…
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  • Assessment of Seismic Damage in Nativity Church in Bethlehem Using Pushover Analysis
  • Abstract This study focuses on advanced finite element (FE) analyses on The Church of Nativity located in Bethlehem (Palestine), one of the most historic structures in the world. To ensure the model quality, a 3D FE model was created using two types of typical commercial software, DIANA FEA and SAP2000. From analyses, one of the expected behaviors for this kind of masonry structure “low modal period” was found. The seismic behavior of the church was studied using pushover analyses, which were conducted using DIANA FEA. The first unidirectional mass proportional load pattern was created in both directions, X-direction as a longitudinal…
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  • Sub-1 GHz Network-Based Wireless Bridge-Monitoring System: Feature and Verification
  • Abstract Traditional bridge monitoring systems often require wired connections between sensors, a data acquisition system, and data center. The use of extension wires, conduits, and other costly accessories can dramatically increase the total cost of bridge monitoring. With the development of wireless technologies and the notable cost benefits, many researchers have been integrating wireless networks into bridge monitoring system. In this study, a wireless bridge monitoring system has been developed based on the Sub-1 GHz network. The main functional components of this system include sensors, wireless nodes, gateway and data center. Wireless nodes can convert analog signals obtained from the sensors…
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  • Experimental Study on Compressive Strength of Recycled Aggregate Concrete under High Temperature
  • Abstract This research aims to study the effect of elevated temperature on the compressive strength evolution of concrete made with recycled aggregate. Demolished building concrete samples were collected from four different sites in Saudi Arabia, namely from Tabuk, Madina, Yanbu, and Riyadh. These concretes were crushed and recycled into aggregates to be used to make new concrete samples. These samples were tested for axial compressive strength at ages 3, 7, 14, and 28 days at ambient temperature. Samples of the same concrete mixes were subjected to the elevated temperature of 300°C and tested for compressive strength again. The experimental result reveals…
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  • Influence of Unbalance on Classification Accuracy of Tyre Pressure Monitoring System Using Vibration Signals
  • Abstract Tyre Pressure Monitoring Systems (TPMS) are installed in automobiles to monitor the pressure of the tyres. Tyre pressure is an important parameter for the comfort of the travelers and the safety of the passengers. Many methods have been researched and reported for TPMS. Amongst them, vibration-based indirect TPMS using machine learning techniques are the recent ones. The literature reported the results for a perfectly balanced wheel. However, if there is a small unbalance, which is very common in automobile wheels, ‘What will be the effect on the classification accuracy?’ is the question on hand. This paper attempts to study the…
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  • Digital Twin-Driven Intelligent Construction: Features and Trends
  • Abstract Digital twin (DT) can achieve real-time information fusion and interactive feedback between virtual space and physical space. This technology involves a digital model, real-time information management, comprehensive intelligent perception networks, etc., and it can drive the rapid conceptual development of intelligent construction (IC) such as smart factories, smart cities, and smart medical care. Nevertheless, the actual use of DT in IC is partially pending, with numerous scientific factors still not clarified. An overall survey on pending issues and unsolved scientific factors is needed for the development of DT-driven IC. To this end, this study aims to provide a comprehensive review…
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  • Fatigue Crack Detection in Steel Plates Using Guided Waves and an Energy-Based Imaging Approach
  • Abstract The increasing use of ultrasonic guided waves (GWs) has been shown to have great potential for the detection of fatigue cracks and non-fatigue type damages in metallic structures. This paper reports on a study demonstrating an energy-based damage imaging approach in which signal characteristics identified through relative time differences by fatigue crack (RTD/f) through different sensor paths are used to estimate the location of fatigue crack in steel plates based on GWs generated by an active piezoceramic transducer (PZT) network. The propagation of GWs in the original 10 mm-thick plate was complicated due to its thick geometry, wave dispersion, boundary…
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  • Effect of Lead-Rubber Bearing Isolators in Reducing Seismic Damage for a High-Rise Building in Comparison with Normal Shear Wall System
  • Abstract Seismic earthquakes are a real danger for the construction evolution of high rise buildings. The rate of earthquakes around the world is noteworthy in a wide range of construction areas. In this study, we present the dynamic behavior of a high-rise RC building with dynamic isolators (lead-rubber-bearing), in comparison with a traditional shear wall system of the same building. Seismic isolation has been introduced in building construction to increase the structural stability and to protect the non-structural components against the damaging effects of an earthquake. In order to clarify the influence of incorporating lead rubber bearing isolators in the seismic…
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  • Damage Detection in CFST Column by Simulation of Ultrasonic Waves Using STFT-Based Spectrogram and Welch Power Spectral Density Estimate
  • Abstract Structural health monitoring employs different tools and techniques to provide a prediction for damages that occur in various structures. Damages such as debond and cracks in concrete-filled steel tube column (CFST) are serious defects that threaten the integrity of the structural members. Ultrasonic waves monitoring applied to the CFST column is necessary to detect damages and quantify their size. However, without appropriate signal processing tools, the results of the monitoring process could not be crucial. In this research, a monitoring process based on a Multiphysics numerical simulation study was carried out. Two signal processing tools: short time Fourier transform (STFT)…
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  •   Views:333       Downloads:289        Download PDF
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