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  • Sensor Layout of Hoisting Machinery Vibration Monitoring Based on Harmony Genetic Search Algorithm
  • Abstract With the construction of automated docks, health monitoring technology as a parallel safety assurance technology for unmanned hoisting machinery has become a hot spot in the development of the industry. Hoisting machinery has a huge structure and numerous welded joints. The complexity and nonlinearity of the welded structure itself makes the structural failure parts random and difficult to arrange for monitoring sensors. In order to solve the problem of effectiveness and stability of the sensor arrangement method for monitoring the structure of hoisting machinery. Using the global and local search capabilities enhanced by the complementary search mechanism, a structural vibration…
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  • Identification of Internal Damage in Circular Cylinders through Laser Scanning of Vibrating Surfaces
  • Abstract With the aid of non-contact measurements of vibrating surfaces through laser scanning, operating deflection shapes (ODSs) with high spatial resolutions can be used to graphically characterize damage in plane structures. Although numerous damage identification approaches relying on laser-measured ODSs have been developed for plate-type structures, they cannot be directly applied to circular cylinders due to the gap between equations of motions of plates and circular cylinders. To fill this gap, a novel approach is proposed in this study for damage identification of circular cylinders. Damage-induced discontinuities of the derivatives of ODSs can be used to graphically manifest the occurrence of…
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  • Comparison of Structural Probabilistic and Non-Probabilistic Reliability Computational Methods under Big Data Condition
  • Abstract In this article, structural probabilistic and non-probabilistic reliability have been evaluated and compared under big data condition. Firstly, the big data is collected via structural monitoring and analysis. Big data is classified into different types according to the regularities of the distribution of data. The different stresses which have been subjected by the structure are used in this paper. Secondly, the structural interval reliability and probabilistic prediction models are established by using the stress-strength interference theory under big data of random loads after the stresses and structural strength are comprehensively considered. Structural reliability is computed by using various stress types,…
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  • Review Article on Condition Assessment of Structures Using Electro-Mechanical Impedance Technique
  • Abstract Structural health monitoring (SHM) is a process for determination of presence, location, severity of damages and remaining life of the infrastructures. SHM is widely applied in aerospace, mechanical and civil engineering systems to assess the conditions of structures to improve the operation, safety, serviceability and reliability, respectively. There are various SHM techniques for monitoring the health of structures such as global response based and local techniques. Damages occur in the structures due to its inability to withstand intended design loadings, physical environment and chemical environment. Therefore, damage identification is necessary to improve the durability of the structures for protection against…
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  • Reconstruction Technology of Flexible Structure Shape Based on FBG Sensor Array and Deep Learning Algorithm
  • Abstract A structural displacement field reconstruction method is proposed to aim at the problems of deformation monitoring and displacement field reconstruction of flexible plate-like structures in the aerospace field. This method combines the deep neural network model of the cross-layer connection structure with the fiber grating sensor network. This paper first introduces the principle of strain detection of fiber grating sensor, studies the mapping relationship between strain and displacement, and proposes a strain-displacement conversion model based on an improved neural network. Then the intelligent structure deformation monitoring system is built. By controlling the stepping distance of the motor to produce different…
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  • The Coupled Effect of Temperature Changes and Damage Depth on Natural Frequencies in Beam-Like Structures
  • Abstract A significant amount of research is concerned with dynamic modal parameters for damage detection of structural conditions due to their simplicity in use and feasibility. However, their use for damage detection should be performed with special attention, particularly in operational and environmental conditions subjected to temperature changes. Beams in construction industries experience different loading types, such as temperature changes leading to crack initiation and propagation. Changed physical and dynamic properties such as natural frequencies and mode shapes indicate that damage has occurred within the structures. In this study, vibration analysis of cantilever and cantilever simply supported beams has been carried…
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  • Shape Sensing of Thin Shell Structure Based on Inverse Finite Element Method
  • Abstract Shape sensing as a crucial component of structural health monitoring plays a vital role in real-time actuation and control of smart structures, and monitoring of structural integrity. As a model-based method, the inverse finite element method (iFEM) has been proved to be a valuable shape sensing tool that is suitable for complex structures. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for the shape sensing of thin shell structures with iFEM. Considering the structural form and stress characteristics of thin-walled structure, the error function consists of membrane and bending section strains only which is consistent with the Kirchhoff–Love shell theory.…
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  • PSO-LSSVM-based Online SOC Estimation for Simulation Substation Battery
  • Abstract As the emergency power supply for a simulation substation, lead-acid batteries have a work pattern featuring non-continuous operation, which leads to capacity regeneration. However, the accurate estimation of battery state of charge (SOC), a measurement of the amount of energy available in a battery, remains a hard nut to crack because of the non-stationarity and randomness of battery capacity change. This paper has proposed a comprehensive method for lead-acid battery SOC estimation, which may aid in maintaining a reasonable charging schedule in a simulation substation and improving battery’s durability. Based on the battery work pattern, an improved Ampere-hour method is…
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  • Aluminum Alloy Fatigue Crack Damage Prediction Based on Lamb Wave-Systematic Resampling Particle Filter Method
  • Abstract Fatigue crack prediction is a critical aspect of prognostics and health management research. The particle filter algorithm based on Lamb wave is a potential tool to solve the nonlinear and non-Gaussian problems on fatigue growth, and it is widely used to predict the state of fatigue crack. This paper proposes a method of lamb wave-based early fatigue microcrack prediction with the aid of particle filters. With this method, which the changes in signal characteristics under different fatigue crack lengths are analyzed, and the state- and observation-equations of crack extension are established. Furthermore, an experiment is conducted to verify the feasibility…
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  • Health Monitoring-Based Assessment of Reinforcement with Prestressed Steel Strand for Cable-Stayed Bridge
  • Abstract This paper presents the method of reinforcing main girder of reinforced concrete cable-stayed bridge with prestressed steel strands. To verify the effectiveness of external prestressed strand reinforcement method. Static load tests and health monitoring-based assessment were carried out before and after reinforcement. Field load test shows that the deflection and stress values of the main girder are reduced by 10%~20% after reinforcement, and the flexural strength and stiffness of the strengthened beam are improved. The deflection and strain data of health monitoring of the specified section are collected. The deflection of the second span is 4 mm~10 mm, the strain…
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  •   Views:1633       Downloads:868        Download PDF
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