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  • Long-Term Bending Behaviour of Prestressed Glulam Bamboo-Wood Beam Based on Creep Effect
  • Abstract Creep is an important characteristic of bamboo and wood materials under long-term loading. This paper aims to study the long-term bending behaviour of prestressed glulam bamboo-wood beam (GBWB). For this, 14 pre-stressed GBWBs were selected and subjected to a long-term loading test for 60 days. Then, a comparative analysis was performed for the effects of pretension values, the number of pre-stressed wires, and long-term load on the stress variation of the steel wire and the long-term deflection of the beam midspan. The test results showed that with the number of prestressed wires increasing, the total stress of the steel wire…
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  • Comparison of Fuzzy Synthetic Evaluation and Field Measurement of Internal Defects in Assembled Concrete Detected by Ultrasonic Waves
  • Abstract Analyze and compare the basic principles of ultrasonic detection of voids in concrete, choose ZBL-U520/510 non-metallic ultrasonic detector, and use the opposite detection method to test the void size in the joints of prefabricated concrete structures. The results show that: ultrasonic method by testing the waveform, sound, and speed of sound analysis can effectively determine the position of the defect, and through the conversion formula can estimate the void size. Ultrasonic parameters are used to distinguish the internal defects of Assembly concrete. Sometimes there are different results with different parameters. It is difficult for engineers to directly determine the internal…
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  • Influencing Factors of Load Carrying Capacity and Cooperative Work Laws of Metro Uplift Piles
  • Abstract The buoyancy of groundwater can reduce the foundation bearing capacity and cause the metro tunnels to float as a whole, which threatens the safety of structures seriously. Therefore, uplift piles are set up to improve the structural stability. In this paper, FLAC3D software is used to establish the calculation models of pile foundation. The bearing failure process of uplift piles was simulated to study the influencing factors on single pile load bearing capacity as well as the cooperative work laws of pile groups. The load-displacement curves of pile top under different length-diameter ratios, pile-soil interface characteristics and pile types are…
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  • Fatigue Performance Evaluation for Welded Details in Orthotropic Steel Deck Bridges Using Multi-Scale Finite Element Method
  • Abstract In order to study the fatigue properties of rib-to-deck welded connection and rib-to-rib welded connection in orthotropic steel bridge decks, a multi-scale finite element model was set up to analyze the stress distribution characteristics and the load test was conducted on the Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge. Comparing the vehicle test results with the multi-scale finite element model results to verify the accuracy of the finite element simulation for the stress response of two welded details. The results indicated that: The stress at the rib-to-deck welded connection and the rib-to-rib welded connection are the bending stress and the membrane stress, respectively;…
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  • Dynamic Simulation of Cracked Buildings for Damage Detection
  • Abstract A dynamic simulation method for cracked structures is implemented to determine their dynamic response with the purpose of evaluating their structural behavior. The procedure makes possible the simulation of three-dimensional cracked structures. The excitation force is randomly generated to simulate wind gusts. It is assumed the structure remains in the elastic range, which allows for each mode that contributes to its dynamic response to be decoupled. The results indicate that the presence of damage causes changes in the modals parameters of the structure as accurate as other similar methods proposed for simpler structures. Therefore, it is concluded that the proposed…
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  • Experimental Study on Properties of Masonry Infill Walls Connected to Steel Frames with Different Connection Details
  • Abstract The properties of infills and the way they are connected to frames may have significant effects on the seismic behavior of the structure. This study presents an experimental study on evaluation and testing of five single story, single bay samples with the scale 1:3. This study strives to evaluate the behavior of masonry infill walls encased in steel frames, with emphasis on different details of the connection of the wall to the frame. Four frames with masonry infills and one frame without infill are experimented on by applying lateral load to their upper beams. Different details of the connection between…
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  • Characteristics on Seawater Corrosion of Intensely Weathered Surrounding Rock of Subsea Tunnel
  • Abstract Existing studies on the durability of subsea tunnel mainly focus on the concrete deterioration and steel corrosion, while there are few on the influence of mechanical properties deterioration of surrounding rock on the durability of subsea tunnel. To improve the accuracy of long-term stability prediction, seawater corrosion tests of intensely weathered surrounding rock of subsea tunnel are carried out. In this study, the strength characteristics of remolded samples of intensely weathered granite under different seawater concentrations are investigated, the strength attenuation equation under seawater corrosion is established, and the chemical damage evolution equation and model parameters are formulated, The findings…
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  • Comparative Study on Tool Fault Diagnosis Methods Using Vibration Signals and Cutting Force Signals by Machine Learning Technique
  • Abstract The state of cutting tool determines the quality of surface produced on the machined parts. A faulty tool produces poor surface, inaccurate geometry and non-economic production. Thus, it is necessary to monitor tool condition for a machining process to have superior quality and economic production. In the present study, fault classification of single point cutting tool for hard turning has been carried out by employing machine learning technique. Cutting force and vibration signals were acquired to monitor tool condition during machining. A set of four tooling conditions namely healthy, worn flank, broken insert and extended tool overhang have been considered…
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  • Improvement of UAV Based an Evaluation Approach to Mid-High Rise Buildings’ Exterior Walls
  • Abstract This research will develop a set of assessment techniques and procedures for exterior wall deterioration detection. The proposed method is mainly based on equipped with high-resolution photographic equipment for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). To overcome the problems of visual inspection difficulties due to different angles and height, the proposed method provides a safer and more efficient detection way to get the buildings’ exterior status. After using the proposed method to analyze the images taken from UAV, the size of the damaged area can be evaluated more accurately, and the accuracy rate of visual assessment will be significantly improved. The results…
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  •   Views:578       Downloads:506        Download PDF
  • Experimental Study on Fatigue Performance of Reinforced Concrete Beams in Corrosive Environment with Cyclic Loads
  • Abstract In marine environments, reinforced concrete bridge structures are subjected to cyclic loads and chloride ingress, which results in corrosion of the reinforcing bars, early deterioration, durability loss, and a considerable reduction in the fatigue strength. Owing to the complexity of the problem and the difficulty of testing, there are few studies on the fatigue performance of concrete structures under the combined action of corrosion environment and cyclic load. Therefore, a coupling test device for corrosion and cyclic load is designed and fatigue tests of reinforced concrete beams in air environments and chlorine salt corrosive environments are carried out. The fatigue…
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  •   Views:587       Downloads:572        Download PDF
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