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Damage Assessment in Pultruded GFRP with AE

D. Crivelli1, M. Guagliano2, A. Monici3
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Italy
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Italy
E. T. S. Sistemi Industriali, Brugherio, Italy

Structural Durability & Health Monitoring 2012, 8(2), 177-192. https://doi.org/10.3970/sdhm.2012.008.177

Abstract

Pultrusion is a process for manufacturing uniform section composite profiles, which allows to obtain structural elements of virtually any length. The use of E-glass fiber allows to obtain a material with a good rigidity-to-weight and strength-to-weight ratio; these features allowed to use these materials in civil structures, such as poles for anti-noise panels and public lighting, also thanks to their insulating properties. However, the knowledge on the damage development of these materials is still uncertain, and this is slowing down their development.
For these reasons, an experimental study on pultruded materials aimed at identifying the damage modes has been developed. A set of glass-fiber reinforced pultruded specimens, with two different configurations of additional random short-fiber layers were investigated in tensile tests. Each specimen was monitored with Acoustic Emission sensors through all the test, until breakage. This allowed to gather data and follow the damage development and evolution in this material. The analysis of the Acoustic Emission data allowed to identify some common stages of the static damage modes, and some differences between the two different configurations. Also,the results will allow to extend the monitoring to full-scale elements, with the purpose of testing and real-time health monitoring of structures.
The results suggest that Acoustic Emission is a suitable technique to monitor the structural health of full-scale elements and for in-situ operations.

Keywords

Pultruded composites, glass fiber, acoustic emission, tensile tests, damage

Cite This Article

Crivelli, D., Guagliano, M., Monici, A. (2012). Damage Assessment in Pultruded GFRP with AE. Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, 8(2), 177–192.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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