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Overview of the New OMAH Technique for Scaling OMA Mode Shapes

Anders Brandt1, Marta Berardengo2, Stefano Manzoni3, Marcello Vanali2, Alfredo Cigada3

1 Department of Technology and Innovation, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230, Odense M, Denmark
2 Universitἁ degli Studi di Parma, Department of Engineering and Architecture, Parco Area delle Scienze, 181/A-43124 Parma, Italy
3 Politecnico di Milano, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Via La Masa, 34-20156 Milan, Italy
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Sound & Vibration 2018, 52(3), 18-22.


Methods for scaling mode shapes determined by operational modal analysis (OMA) have been extensively investigated in the last years. A recent addition to the range of methods for scaling OMA mode shapes is the so-called OMAH technique, which is based on exciting the structure by harmonic forces applied by an actuator. By applying harmonic forces in at least one degree-of-freedom (DOF), and measuring the response in at least one response DOF, while using at least as many frequencies as the number of mode shapes to be scaled, the mode shape scaling (modal mass) of all modes of interest may be determined. In previous publications on the method the authors have proven that the technique is easy and robust to apply to both small scale and large scale structures. Also, it has been shown that the technique is capable of scaling highly coupled modes by using an extended multiple reference formulation. The present paper summarizes the theory of the OMAH method and gives recommendations of how to implement the method for best results. It is pointed out, as has been shown in previous papers, that the accuracy of the mode scaling is increased by using more than one response DOF, and by selecting DOFs with high mode shape coefficients. To determine the harmonic force and responses, it is recommended to use the three-parameter sine fit method. It is shown that by using this method, the measurement time can be kept short by using high sampling frequency and bandpass filtering whereas spectrum based methods require long measurement times. This means that even for structures with low natural frequencies, the extra measurement time for scaling the mode shapes can be kept relatively short.


Cite This Article

Brandt, A., Berardengo, M., Manzoni, S., Vanali, M., Cigada, A. (2018). Overview of the New OMAH Technique for Scaling OMA Mode Shapes. Sound & Vibration, 52(3), 18–22.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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