Table of Content

Open Access iconOpen Access

ARTICLE

A Numerical Investigation of the Effects of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo on the Balance Function of the Inner Ear

Shen Yu1, Jizhe Wang2,*, Yan Guo2,*, Xiuzhen Sun2, Shuang Shen3

State Key Laboratory of Structural Analysis for Industrial Equipment , Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024, China.
Department of Otorhinalaryngology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, 116027, China.
School of Special Education, Binzhou Medical University, Yantai, 264003, China.

*Corresponding Author: Jizhe Wang. Email: email.

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Innovations and Current Trends in Computational Cardiovascular Modeling: Molecular, Cellular, Tissue and Organ Biomechanics with Clinical Applications)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2018, 116(2), 315-322. https://doi.org/ 10.31614/cmes.2018.04028

Abstract

A three-dimensional numerical model of the membranous labyrinth of the semicircular canal of the inner ear was established to investigate the effects of canalithiasis of BPPV on the balance function of the inner ear. The movement of otolith particles in the membranous labyrinth was simulated when a person turns his head to a specific position. The effects of otolith movements on the balance function of the inner ear were simulated for different numbers, diameters, and initial positions of otoliths. The simulation results show that the otolith diameter affects the movement duration of otoliths in the membranous labyrinth. The number and diameter of otoliths, the diameter of the membranous labyrinth, and the initial position of the otoliths can cause changes in the pressure difference on both sides of the cupula of the crista ampullaris (cupula). The latent period and onset period are related to the diameter of otolith particles and the position of the head. There is also a correlation between the severity of the disease and the diameter and number of otolith particles.

Keywords


Cite This Article

APA Style
Yu, S., Wang, J., Guo, Y., Sun, X., Shen, S. (2018). A numerical investigation of the effects of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo on the balance function of the inner ear. Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 116(2), 315-322. https://doi.org/ 10.31614/cmes.2018.04028
Vancouver Style
Yu S, Wang J, Guo Y, Sun X, Shen S. A numerical investigation of the effects of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo on the balance function of the inner ear. Comput Model Eng Sci. 2018;116(2):315-322 https://doi.org/ 10.31614/cmes.2018.04028
IEEE Style
S. Yu, J. Wang, Y. Guo, X. Sun, and S. Shen "A Numerical Investigation of the Effects of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo on the Balance Function of the Inner Ear," Comput. Model. Eng. Sci., vol. 116, no. 2, pp. 315-322. 2018. https://doi.org/ 10.31614/cmes.2018.04028



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 2234

    View

  • 1508

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link