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A Re-Parametrization-Based Bayesian Differential Analysis Algorithm for Gene Regulatory Networks Modeled with Structural Equation Models

Yan Li1,2, Dayou Liu1,2, Yungang Zhu1,2, Jie Liu1,2,*

1 College of Computer Science and Technology, Jilin University, Changchun, 130012, China
2 Key Laboratory of Symbolic Computation and Knowledge Engineering of Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun, 130012, China

* Corresponding Author: Jie Liu. Email:

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Data Science and Modeling in Biology, Health, and Medicine)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2020, 124(1), 303-313.


Under different conditions, gene regulatory networks (GRNs) of the same gene set could be similar but different. The differential analysis of GRNs under different conditions is important for understanding condition-specific gene regulatory relationships. In a naive approach, existing GRN inference algorithms can be used to separately estimate two GRNs under different conditions and identify the differences between them. However, in this way, the similarities between the pairwise GRNs are not taken into account. Several joint differential analysis algorithms have been proposed recently, which were proved to outperform the naive approach apparently. In this paper, we model the GRNs under different conditions with structural equation models (SEMs) to integrate gene expression data and genetic perturbations, and re-parameterize the pairwise SEMs to form an integrated model that incorporates the differential structure. Then, a Bayesian inference method is used to make joint differential analysis by solving the integrated model. We evaluated the performance of the proposed re-parametrization-based Bayesian differential analysis (ReBDA) algorithm by running simulations on synthetic data with different settings. The performance of the ReBDA algorithm was demonstrated better than another state-of-the-art joint differential analysis algorithm for SEMs ReDNet obviously. In the end, the ReBDA algorithm was applied to make differential analysis on a real human lung gene data set to illustrate its applicability and practicability.


Cite This Article

Li, Y., Liu, D., Zhu, Y., Liu, J. (2020). A Re-Parametrization-Based Bayesian Differential Analysis Algorithm for Gene Regulatory Networks Modeled with Structural Equation Models. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 124(1), 303–313.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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