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Design and Manufacture of Bionic Porous Titanium Alloy Spinal Implant Based on Selective Laser Melting (SLM)

Xiaojun Chen1, Di Wang1,*, Wenhao Dou1, Yimeng Wang1, Yongqiang Yang1, Jianhua Wang2, Jie Chen1

1 School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, 510641, China
2 Hospital of Orthopedics, Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command, Guangzhou, 510010, China

* Corresponding Author: Di Wang. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Design & simulation in Additive Manufacturing)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2020, 124(3), 1099-1117.


In order to meet the clinical requirements of spine surgery, this paper proposed the exploratory research of computer-aided design and selective laser melting (SLM) fabrication of a bionic porous titanium spine implant. The structural design of the spinal implant is based on CT scanning data to ensure correct matching, and the mechanical properties of the implant are verified by simulation analysis and laser selective melting experiment. The surface roughness of the spinal implant manufactured by SLM without post-processing is Ra 15 μm, and the implant is precisely jointed with the photosensitive resin model of the upper and lower spine. The surface micro-hardness of the implant is HV 373, tensile strength σb = 1238.7 MPa, yield strength σ0.2 = 1043.9 MPa, the elongation is 6.43%, and the compressive strength of porous structure under 84.60% porosity is 184.09 MPa, which can meet the requirements of the reconstruction of stable spines. Compared with the traditional implant and intervertebral fusion cage, the bionic porous spinal implant has the advantages of accurate fit, porous bionic structure and recovery of patients, and the ion release experiment proved that implants manufactured by SLM are more suitable for clinical application after certain treatments. The elastic modulus of the sample is improved after heat treatment, mainly because the microstructure of the sample changes from α’ phase to α + β dual-phase after heat treatment. In addition, the design of high-quality bionic porous spinal implants still needs to be optimized for the actual needs of doctors.


Cite This Article

Chen, X., Wang, D., Dou, W., Wang, Y., Yang, Y. et al. (2020). Design and Manufacture of Bionic Porous Titanium Alloy Spinal Implant Based on Selective Laser Melting (SLM). CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 124(3), 1099–1117.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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