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An Improved Gorilla Troops Optimizer Based on Lens Opposition-Based Learning and Adaptive β-Hill Climbing for Global Optimization

Yaning Xiao, Xue Sun*, Yanling Guo, Sanping Li, Yapeng Zhang, Yangwei Wang

College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, 150040, China

* Corresponding Author: Xue Sun. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Swarm Intelligence and Applications in Combinatorial Optimization)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2022, 131(2), 815-850.


Gorilla troops optimizer (GTO) is a newly developed meta-heuristic algorithm, which is inspired by the collective lifestyle and social intelligence of gorillas. Similar to other metaheuristics, the convergence accuracy and stability of GTO will deteriorate when the optimization problems to be solved become more complex and flexible. To overcome these defects and achieve better performance, this paper proposes an improved gorilla troops optimizer (IGTO). First, Circle chaotic mapping is introduced to initialize the positions of gorillas, which facilitates the population diversity and establishes a good foundation for global search. Then, in order to avoid getting trapped in the local optimum, the lens opposition-based learning mechanism is adopted to expand the search ranges. Besides, a novel local search-based algorithm, namely adaptive β-hill climbing, is amalgamated with GTO to increase the final solution precision. Attributed to three improvements, the exploration and exploitation capabilities of the basic GTO are greatly enhanced. The performance of the proposed algorithm is comprehensively evaluated and analyzed on 19 classical benchmark functions. The numerical and statistical results demonstrate that IGTO can provide better solution quality, local optimum avoidance, and robustness compared with the basic GTO and five other wellknown algorithms. Moreover, the applicability of IGTO is further proved through resolving four engineering design problems and training multilayer perceptron. The experimental results suggest that IGTO exhibits remarkable competitive performance and promising prospects in real-world tasks.


Cite This Article

Xiao, Y., Sun, X., Guo, Y., Li, S., Zhang, Y. et al. (2022). An Improved Gorilla Troops Optimizer Based on Lens Opposition-Based Learning and Adaptive β-Hill Climbing for Global Optimization. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 131(2), 815–850.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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