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Numerical Assessment of Nanofluid Natural Convection Using Local RBF Method Coupled with an Artificial Compressibility Model

Muneerah Al Nuwairan1,*, Elmiloud Chaabelasri2
1 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, College of Science, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, 31982, Saudi Arabia
2 PTPME Laboratoy, Faculty of Sciences, Mohamed First University, Oujda, 60000, Morocco
* Corresponding Author: Muneerah Al Nuwairan. Email:

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2023, 135(1), 133-154. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2022.022649

Received 18 March 2022; Accepted 25 May 2022; Issue published 29 September 2022

Abstract

In this paper, natural heat convection inside square and equilateral triangular cavities was studied using a meshless method based on collocation local radial basis function (RBF). The nanofluids used were Cu-water or -water mixture with nanoparticle volume fractions range of . A system of continuity, momentum, and energy partial differential equations was used in modeling the flow and temperature behavior of the fluids. Partial derivatives in the governing equations were approximated using the RBF method. The artificial compressibility model was implemented to overcome the pressure velocity coupling problem that occurs in such equations. The main goal of this work was to present a simple and efficient method to deal with complex geometries for a variety of problem conditions. To assess the accuracy of the proposed method, several test cases of natural convection in square and triangular cavities were selected. For Rayleigh numbers ranging from to , a validation test of natural convection of Cu-water in a square cavity was used. The numerical investigation was then extended to Rayleigh number , as well as -water nanofluid with a volume fraction range of . In a second investigation, the same nanofluids were used in a triangular cavity with varying volume fractions to test the proposed meshless approach on non-rectangular geometries. The numerical results appear to be in agreement with those from earlier investigations. Furthermore, the suggested meshless method was found to be stable and accurate, demonstrating that it may be a viable alternative for solving natural heat transfer equations of nanofluids in enclosures with irregular geometries.

Graphical Abstract

Numerical Assessment of Nanofluid Natural Convection Using Local RBF Method Coupled with an Artificial Compressibility Model

Keywords

Natural heat convection; nanofluids; cavities; meshless method; radial basis function

Cite This Article

Nuwairan, M. A., Chaabelasri, E. (2023). Numerical Assessment of Nanofluid Natural Convection Using Local RBF Method Coupled with an Artificial Compressibility Model. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 135(1), 133–154.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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