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Numerical Simulation Analysis of the Transformer Fire Extinguishing Process with a High-Pressure Water Mist System under Different Conditions

Haowei Yao1,3,*, Youxin Li1,3, Kefeng Lv1,3, Dong Wang2,3, Jinguang Zhang4, Zhenyu Zhan2,3, Zhenyu Wang2,3, Huaitao Song1,3, Xiaoge Wei1,3, Hengjie Qin1,3

1 College of Building Environment Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou, 450001, China
2 Electric Power Research Institute, State Grid Henan Electric Power Company, Zhengzhou, 450052, China
3 Zhengzhou Key Laboratory of Electric Power Fire Safety, Zhengzhou, 450001, China
4 State Grid Henan Electric Power Corporation Maintenance Company, Zhengzhou, 450052, China

* Corresponding Author: Haowei Yao. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Numerical Methods in Engineering Analysis, Data Analysis and Artificial Intelligence)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2023, 136(1), 733-747. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2023.022155

Abstract

To thoroughly study the extinguishing effect of a high-pressure water mist fire extinguishing system when a transformer fire occurs, a 3D experimental model of a transformer is established in this work by employing Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) software. More specifically, by setting different parameters, the process of the high-pressure water mist fire extinguishing system with the presence of both diverse ambient temperatures and water mist sprinkler laying conditions is simulated. In addition, the fire extinguishing effect of the employed high-pressure water mist system with the implementation of different strategies is systematically analyzed. The extracted results show that a fire source farther away from the centerline leads to a lower local temperature distribution. In addition, as the ambient temperature increases, the temperature above the fire source decreases, while the temperature and the concentration of the upper flue gas layer both decrease. Interestingly, after the high-pressure water mist sprinkler begins to operate, both the temperature distribution above the fire source and the concentration of the flue gas decrease, which indicates that the high-pressure water mist system plays the role of cooling and dust removal. By comparing various sprinkler laying methods, it is found that the lower sprinkler height has a better effect on the temperature above the fire source, the temperature of the upper flue gas layer, and the concentration of the flue gas. Moreover, when the sprinkler is spread over the whole transformer, the cooling effect on both the temperature above the fire source and the temperature of the upper flue gas layer is good, whereas the change in the concentration of the flue gas above the fire source is not obvious compared to the case where the sprinkler is not fully spread.

Graphical Abstract

Numerical Simulation Analysis of the Transformer Fire Extinguishing Process with a High-Pressure Water Mist System under Different Conditions

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Cite This Article

Yao, H., Li, Y., Lv, K., Wang, D., Zhang, J. et al. (2023). Numerical Simulation Analysis of the Transformer Fire Extinguishing Process with a High-Pressure Water Mist System under Different Conditions. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 136(1), 733–747.



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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