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Shape Effect of Nanoparticles on Nanofluid Flow Containing Gyrotactic Microorganisms

Umair Rashid1, Azhar Iqbal2,*, Abdullah M. Alsharif3

1 School of Mathematical Sciences, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212013, China
2 Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Al Khobar, 31952, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, College of Science, Taif University, Taif, 21944, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Azhar Iqbal. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Trends in Nanofluids: Modelling and Simulations)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2023, 134(1), 483-494.


In this paper, we discussed the effect of nanoparticles shape on bioconvection nanofluid flow over the vertical cone in a permeable medium. The nanofluid contains water, Al2O3 nanoparticles with sphere (spherical) and lamina (non-spherical) shapes and motile microorganisms. The phenomena of heat absorption/generation, Joule heating and thermal radiation with chemical reactions have been incorporated. The similarity transformations technique is used to transform a governing system of partial differential equations into ordinary differential equations. The numerical bvp4c MATLAB program is used to find the solution of ordinary differential equations. The interesting aspects of pertinent parameters on mass transfer, energy, concentration, and density of the motile microorganisms’ profiles are computed and discussed. Our analysis depicts that the performance of sphere shape nanoparticles in the form of velocity distribution, temperature distribution, skin friction, Sherwood number and Motile density number is better than lamina (non-spherical) shapes nanoparticles.


Cite This Article

Rashid, U., Iqbal, A., Alsharif, A. M. (2023). Shape Effect of Nanoparticles on Nanofluid Flow Containing Gyrotactic Microorganisms. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 134(1), 483–494.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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