Special Issue "Recent Trends in Nanofluids: Modelling and Simulations"

Submission Deadline: 31 December 2021
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Guest Editors
Prof. Ilyas Khan, Majmaah University, Saudi Arabia
Dr. Riaz Ahmad, Yibin University, China
Prof. Asma Khalid, SBK Women’s University, Pakistan
Dr. Hassan Waqas, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan


Usual heat transfer fluids have low thermal conductivity and this disadvantage provides low performance of such fluids. A new method to enhance thermal conductivity is dispersing solid particles into the base fluids. The nanoparticles used in nanofluids are typically made of metals, oxides, carbides, or carbon nanotubes. Common base fluids include water, ethylene glycol and oil. Amongst the various types of nanoparticles, clay nanoparticles are comparatively less investigated, although in chemical processing, such types of nanoparticles play a pivotal role. Clay nanoparticles, for example, were successfully utilized for the conservation of artwork materials such as marble and porous stones, bronze surfaces, bread-made artifacts, and archeological woods and paper. Nanoparticles are also used in various shapes and sizes. However, researchers are continuously working on nanofluids with new developments. A counterexample is Hybrid nanofluids. This is a new group/type of enhanced working fluids, engineered with enhanced thermo-physical properties. The hybrid nanofluids profit from the thermo-physical properties of more than one type of nanoparticles. Nanoparticles and nanofluids, are equally important in all sciences such as chemistry, physics, thermal engineering, and applied mathematics, indeed. Therefore, researchers from various fields are involved in conducting interesting researches on this topic from the theoretical side as well as from experimental aspects. These researchers are interested to develop the concept of nanofluids due to their enhanced thermal properties and energy saving effect. However, there is deficiency/gap in the literature, and we are in need of more theoretical and experimental multidisciplinary research on this topic to achieve industrial success. This special issue includes a variety of scientific topics related to the developments in the field of nanotechnology, heat transfer and chemical processes and encourage the researchers to present their latest original studies on nanofluids. 

Nanofluids in chemical reactions
Heat transfer in nanofluids
Fractional models of nanofluids
Hybrid nanofluids
Shape and size effects

Published Papers
  • Empirical Thermal Investigation of Oil–Immersed Distribution Transformer under Various Loading Conditions
  • Abstract The distribution transformer is the mainstay of the power system. Its internal temperature study is desirable for its safe operation in the power system. The purpose of the present study is to determine direct comprehensive thermal distribution in the distribution transformers for different loading conditions. To achieve this goal, the temperature distribution in the oil, core, and windings are studied at each loading. An experimental study is performed with a 10/0.38 kV, 10 kVA oil–immersed transformer equipped with forty–two PT100 sensors (PTs) for temperature measurement installed inside during its manufacturing process. All possible locations for the hottest spot temperature (HST)… More
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