Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.127, No.2, 2021
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    EDITORIAL

    Introduction to the Special Issue on Computer Modelling of Transmission, Spread, Control and Diagnosis of COVID-19

    Yudong Zhang1,*, Qilong Wang2, Sean H. Y. Yuan3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 385-387, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.016386
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computer Modelling of Transmission, Spread, Control and Diagnosis of COVID-19)
    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Real-Time Integrated Face Mask Detector to Curtail Spread of Coronavirus

    Shilpa Sethi1, Mamta Kathuria1,*, Trilok Kaushik2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 389-409, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014478
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computer Modelling of Transmission, Spread, Control and Diagnosis of COVID-19)
    Abstract Effective strategies to control COVID-19 pandemic need high attention to mitigate negatively impacted communal health and global economy, with the brim-full horizon yet to unfold. In the absence of effective antiviral and limited medical resources, many measures are recommended by WHO to control the infection rate and avoid exhausting the limited medical resources. Wearing mask is among the non-pharmaceutical intervention measures that can be used as barrier to primary route of SARS-CoV2 droplets expelled by presymptomatic or asymptomatic individuals. Regardless of discourse on medical resources and diversities in masks, all countries are mandating coverings over nose and mouth in public… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Bubble-Enriched Smoothed Finite Element Methods for Nearly-Incompressible Solids

    Changkye Lee1, Sundararajan Natarajan2, Jack S. Hale3, Zeike A. Taylor4, Jurng-Jae Yee1,*, Stéphane P. A. Bordas3,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 411-436, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014947
    Abstract This work presents a locking-free smoothed finite element method (S-FEM) for the simulation of soft matter modelled by the equations of quasi-incompressible hyperelasticity. The proposed method overcomes well-known issues of standard finite element methods (FEM) in the incompressible limit: the over-estimation of stiffness and sensitivity to severely distorted meshes. The concepts of cell-based, edge-based and node-based S-FEMs are extended in this paper to three-dimensions. Additionally, a cubic bubble function is utilized to improve accuracy and stability. For the bubble function, an additional displacement degree of freedom is added at the centroid of the element. Several numerical studies are performed demonstrating… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Laminar and Turbulent Characteristics of the Acoustic/Fluid Dynamics Interactions in a Slender Simulated Solid Rocket Motor Chamber

    Abdelkarim Hegab*, Faisal Albatati, Mohammed Algarni
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 437-468, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014690
    Abstract In this paper, analytical, computational, and experimental studies are integrated to examine unsteady acoustic/vorticity transport phenomena in a solid rocket motor chamber with end-wall disturbance and side-wall injection. Acoustic-fluid dynamic interactions across the chamber may generate intense unsteady vorticity with associated shear stresses. These stresses may cause scouring and, in turn, enhance the heat rate and erosional burning of solid propellant in a real rocket chamber. In this modelling, the unsteady propellant gasification is mimicked by steady-state flow disturbed by end-wall oscillations. The analytical approach is formulated using an asymptotic technique to reduce the full governing equations. The equations that… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Double-Phase High-Frequency Traveling Magnetic Field Developed for Contactless Stirring of Low-Conducting Liquid Materials

    Xiaodong Wang1,2,*, Ernst Roland3, Fautrelle Yves3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 469-486, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.013597
    Abstract The use of low electrically conducting liquids is more and more widespread. This is the case for molten glass, salt or slag processing, ionic liquids used in biotechnology, batteries in energy storage and metallurgy. The present paper deals with the design of a new electromagnetic induction device that can heat and stir low electrically-conducting liquids. It consists of a resistance-capacity-inductance circuit coupled with a low-conducting liquid load. The device is supplied by a unique electric power source delivering a single-phase high frequency electric current. The main working principle of the circuit is based on a double oscillating circuit inductor connected… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Quadratic Finite Volume Element Schemes over Triangular Meshes for a Nonlinear Time-Fractional Rayleigh-Stokes Problem

    Yanlong Zhang1, Yanhui Zhou2, Jiming Wu3,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 487-514, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014950
    Abstract In this article, we study a 2D nonlinear time-fractional Rayleigh-Stokes problem, which has an anomalous sub-diffusion term, on triangular meshes by quadratic finite volume element schemes. Time-fractional derivative, defined by Caputo fractional derivative, is discretized through formula, and a two step scheme is used to approximate the time first-order derivative at time , where the nonlinear term is approximated by using a matching linearized difference scheme. A family of quadratic finite volume element schemes with two parameters are proposed for the spatial discretization, where the range of values for two parameters are , . For testing the precision of numerical… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of Turbulent Flow on Tidal Stream Turbine by RANS and BEM

    Younes Noorollahi1,2,*, Mohammad-Javad Ziabakhsh Ganji1, Mohammadmahdi Rezaei1,2, Mojtaba Tahani3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 515-532, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.012386
    Abstract

    Nowadays, concerns arise because of the depletion of fossil fuel resources that forced scientists to develop new energy extraction methods. One of these renewable resources is tidal energy, where Iran has this potential significantly. There are many ways to obtain the kinetic energy of the fluid flow caused by the moon’s gravitational effect on seas. Using horizontal axis tidal turbines is one of the ways to achieve the kinetic energy of the fluid. Since this type of turbine has similar technology to horizontal axis wind turbines, they may be an appropriate choice for constructing a tidal power plant in Iran.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Automated System to Predict Popular Cybersecurity News Using Document Embeddings

    Ramsha Saeed1, Saddaf Rubab1, Sara Asif1, Malik M. Khan1, Saeed Murtaza1, Seifedine Kadry2, Yunyoung Nam3,*, Muhammad Attique Khan4,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 533-547, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014355
    Abstract The substantial competition among the news industries puts editors under the pressure of posting news articles which are likely to gain more user attention. Anticipating the popularity of news articles can help the editorial teams in making decisions about posting a news article. Article similarity extracted from the articles posted within a small period of time is found to be a useful feature in existing popularity prediction approaches. This work proposes a new approach to estimate the popularity of news articles by adding semantics in the article similarity based approach of popularity estimation. A semantically enriched model is proposed which… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fatigue Crack Propagation Analysis of Orthotropic Steel Bridge with Crack Tip Elastoplastic Consideration

    Ying Wang1,*, Zheng Yan1, Zhen Wang2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 549-574, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014727
    Abstract Due to the complex structure and dense weld of the orthotropic steel bridge deck (OSBD), fatigue cracks are prone to occur in the typical welding details. Welding residual stress (WRS) will cause a plastic zone at the crack tip. In this paper, an elastoplastic constitutive model based on the Chaboche kinematic hardening model was introduced, and the extended finite element method (XFEM) was used to study the influence of material elastoplasticity and crack tip plastic zone on the law of fatigue crack propagation. By judging the stress state of the residual stress field at the crack tip and selecting different… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Numerical Study on the Propagation Mechanisms of Hydraulic Fractures in Fracture-Cavity Carbonate Reservoirs

    Fang Shi1,*, Daobing Wang2, Xiaogang Chen1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 575-598, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015384
    Abstract Field data suggests that carbonate reservoirs contain abundant natural fractures and cavities. The propagation mechanisms of hydraulic fractures in fracture-cavity reservoirs are different from conventional reservoirs on account of the stress concentration surrounding cavities. In this paper, we develop a fully coupled numerical model using the extended finite element method (XFEM) to investigate the behaviors and propagation mechanisms of hydraulic fractures in fracture-cavity reservoirs. Simulation results show that a higher lateral stress coefficient can enhance the influence of the natural cavity, causing a more curved fracture path. However, lower confining stress or smaller in-situ stress difference can reduce this influence,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Classification of Domestic Refuse in Medical Institutions Based on Transfer Learning and Convolutional Neural Network

    Dequan Guo1, Qiao Yang2, Yu-Dong Zhang3, Tao Jiang1, Hanbing Yan1,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 599-620, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014119
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Advances on Deep Learning for Medical Signal Analysis (RADLMSA))
    Abstract The problem of domestic refuse is becoming more and more serious with the use of all kinds of equipment in medical institutions. This matter arouses people’s attention. Traditional artificial waste classification is subjective and cannot be put accurately; moreover, the working environment of sorting is poor and the efficiency is low. Therefore, automated and effective sorting is needed. In view of the current development of deep learning, it can provide a good auxiliary role for classification and realize automatic classification. In this paper, the ResNet-50 convolutional neural network based on the transfer learning method is applied to design the image… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A New Modified Inverse Lomax Distribution: Properties, Estimation and Applications to Engineering and Medical Data

    Abdullah M. Almarashi*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 621-643, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014407
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Modeling Real World Problems with Mathematics)
    Abstract In this paper, a modified form of the traditional inverse Lomax distribution is proposed and its characteristics are studied. The new distribution which called modified logarithmic transformed inverse Lomax distribution is generated by adding a new shape parameter based on logarithmic transformed method. It contains two shape and one scale parameters and has different shapes of probability density and hazard rate functions. The new shape parameter increases the flexibility of the statistical properties of the traditional inverse Lomax distribution including mean, variance, skewness and kurtosis. The moments, entropies, order statistics and other properties are discussed. Six methods of estimation are… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Combined Shape and Topology Optimization Based on Isogeometric Boundary Element Method for 3D Acoustics

    Jie Wang, Fuhang Jiang, Wenchang Zhao, Haibo Chen*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 645-681, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015894
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Novel Methods of Topology Optimization and Engineering Applications)
    Abstract A combined shape and topology optimization algorithm based on isogeometric boundary element method for 3D acoustics is developed in this study. The key treatment involves using adjoint variable method in shape sensitivity analysis with respect to non-uniform rational basis splines control points, and in topology sensitivity analysis with respect to the artificial densities of sound absorption material. OpenMP tool in Fortran code is adopted to improve the efficiency of analysis. To consider the features and efficiencies of the two types of optimization methods, this study adopts a combined iteration scheme for the optimization process to investigate the simultaneous change of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Robust Topology Optimization of Periodic Multi-Material Functionally Graded Structures under Loading Uncertainties

    Xinqing Li1, Qinghai Zhao1,*, Hongxin Zhang1, Tiezhu Zhang2, Jianliang Chen1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 683-704, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015685
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Novel Methods of Topology Optimization and Engineering Applications)
    Abstract This paper presents a robust topology optimization design approach for multi-material functional graded structures under periodic constraint with load uncertainties. To characterize the random-field uncertainties with a reduced set of random variables, the Karhunen-Loève (K-L) expansion is adopted. The sparse grid numerical integration method is employed to transform the robust topology optimization into a weighted summation of series of deterministic topology optimization. Under dividing the design domain, the volume fraction of each preset gradient layer is extracted. Based on the ordered solid isotropic microstructure with penalization (Ordered-SIMP), a functionally graded multi-material interpolation model is formulated by individually optimizing each preset… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Micro Hierarchical Structure and Mechanical Property of Sparrow Hawk (Accipiter nisus) Feather Shaf

    Yichen Lu1, Zongning Chen1, Enyu Guo1,*, Xiangqing Kong2, Huijun Kang1, Yanjin Xu3, Rengeng Li4, Guohua Fan4, Tongmin Wang1,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 705-720, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015426
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Advances in Biomechanics and Biomimetic Mechanics)
    Abstract In this study, the real 3D model of the feather shaft that is composed of medulla and cortex is characterized by X-ray computer tomography, and the structural features are quantitatively analyzed. Compression and tensile tests are conducted to evaluate the mechanical performance of the feather shaft and cortex at different regions. The analysis of the 3D model shows that the medulla accounts for ∼70% of the shaft volume and exhibits a closed-cell foam-like structure, with a porosity of 59%. The cells in the medulla show dodecahedron and decahedron morphology and have an equivalent diameter of ∼30 μm. In axial compression,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Discrete Element Modelling of Dynamic Behaviour of Rockfills for Resisting High Speed Projectile Penetration

    Tingting Zhao1, Y. T. Feng2,*, Jie Zhang1, Zhihua Wang1, Zhiyong Wang1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 721-735, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015913
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computational Mechanics of Granular Materials and its Engineering Applications)
    Abstract This paper presents a convex polyhedral based discrete element method for modelling the dynamic behaviour of rockfills for resisting high speed projectile penetration. The contact between two convex polyhedra is defined by the Minkowski overlap and determined by the GJK and EPA algorithm. The contact force is calculated by a Minkowski overlap based normal model. The rotational motion of polyhedral particles is solved by employing a quaternion based orientation representation scheme. The energy-conserving nature of the polyhedral DEM method ensures a robust and effective modelling of convex particle systems. The method is applied to simulate the dynamic behaviour of a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modeling Additional Twists of Yarn Spun by Lateral Compact Spinning with Pneumatic Groove

    Jindan Lyu1, Longdi Cheng1,*, Bugao Xu2,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 737-751, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015153
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Progress in Finite Element Methods Using Advanced Plate/Shell and Beam Theories)
    Abstract Compact spinning with pneumatic grooves is a spinning process to gather fibers by blended actions of airflow and mechanical forces. Modified from the ring spinning system, the lateral compact spinning with pneumatic grooves can improve yarn appearance and properties due to generated additional twists. In this study, we investigated additional twists of the lateral compact spinning with pneumatic grooves via a finite element (FE) method. An elastic thin rod was used to model a fiber to simulate its dynamic deformation in the three-dimensional space, and the space bar unit was used to simplify the fiber model for the dynamic analysis.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Dynamical Transmission of Coronavirus Model with Analysis and Simulation

    Muhammad Farman1, Ali Akgül2,*, Aqeel Ahmad1, Dumitru Baleanu3,4,5, Muhammad Umer Saleem6
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 753-769, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014882
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Mathematical Aspects of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics)
    Abstract COVID-19 acts as a serious challenge to the whole world. Epidemiological data of COVID-19 is collected through media and web sources to analyze and investigate a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equation to understand the outbreaks of this epidemic disease. We analyze the diseases free and endemic equilibrium point including stability of the model. The certain threshold value of the basic reproduction number R0 is found to observe whether population is in disease free state or endemic state. Moreover, the epidemic peak has been obtained and we expect a considerable number of cases. Finally, some numerical results are presented which… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Criteria Decision Making Based on Bipolar Picture Fuzzy Operators and New Distance Measures

    Muhammad Riaz1, Harish Garg2, Hafiz Muhammad Athar Farid1, Ronnason Chinram3,4,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 771-800, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014174
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Intelligent Computing for Engineering Applications)
    Abstract This paper aims to introduce the novel concept of the bipolar picture fuzzy set (BPFS) as a hybrid structure of bipolar fuzzy set (BFS) and picture fuzzy set (PFS). BPFS is a new kind of fuzzy sets to deal with bipolarity (both positive and negative aspects) to each membership degree (belonging-ness), neutral membership (not decided), and non-membership degree (refusal). In this article, some basic properties of bipolar picture fuzzy sets (BPFSs) and their fundamental operations are introduced. The score function, accuracy function and certainty function are suggested to discuss the comparability of bipolar picture fuzzy numbers (BPFNs). Additionally, the concept… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Remote Sensing Monitoring Method Based on BDS-Based Maritime Joint Positioning Model

    Xiang Wang1,2, Jingxian Liu1, Osamah Ibrahim Khalaf3,*, Zhao Liu1,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 801-818, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.013568
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Modeling and Analysis of Autonomous Intelligence)
    Abstract Complicated sea conditions have a serious impact on ship navigation safety and even maritime accidents. Accordingly, this paper proposes a remote sensing monitoring method based on the Beidou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) maritime joint positioning model. This method is mainly based on the BDS and multiple Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) to build a data fusion model, which can capture more steady positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) data. Compared with the current Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) mandatory used by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), this model has the characteristics of more accurate positioning data… More >

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