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Lightweight Design of Commercial Vehicle Cab Based on Fatigue Durability

Donghai Li1,2, Jiawei Tian1, Shengwen Shi2, Shanchao Wang2, Jucai Deng2, Shuilong He1,2,*

1 School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, 541004, China
2 Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor Co., Ltd., Liuzhou, 545005, China

* Corresponding Author: Shuilong He. Email:

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: AI and Machine Learning Modeling in Civil and Building Engineering)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2023, 136(1), 421-445.


To better improve the lightweight and fatigue durability performance of the tractor cab, a multi-objective lightweight design of the cab was carried out in this study. First, the finite element model of the cab with counterweight loading was established and then confirmed by the physical testing, and use the inertial relief method to obtain stress distribution under unit load. The cab-frame rigid-flexible coupling multi-body dynamics model was built by Adams/car software. Taking the cab airbag mount displacement and acceleration signals acquired on the proving ground as the desired signals and obtaining the fatigue analysis load spectrum through Femfat-Lab virtual iteration. The fatigue simulation analysis is performed in nCode based on the Miner linear fatigue cumulative damage theory. Then, with the mass and fatigue damage values as the optimization objectives, the bending-torsional stiffness and first-order bending-torsional mode as constraints, the thickness variables are screed based on the sensitivity analysis. The experimental design was carried out using the Optimal Latin hypercube method, and the multi-objective optimal design of the cab was carried out using the Kriging approximation model fitting and particle swarm algorithm. The weight of the optimized cab is reduced by 7.8% on the basis of meeting the fatigue durability performance. Finally, a seven-axis road simulation test rig was designed to verify its fatigue durability. The results show the optimized cab can consider both lightweight and durability.

Graphical Abstract

Lightweight Design of Commercial Vehicle Cab Based on Fatigue Durability


Cite This Article

Li, D., Tian, J., Shi, S., Wang, S., Deng, J. et al. (2023). Lightweight Design of Commercial Vehicle Cab Based on Fatigue Durability. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 136(1), 421–445.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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