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Flow Breakdown of Hybrid Nanofluid on a Rigid Surface with Power Law Fluid as Lubricated Layers

Mirza Naveed Jahangeer Baig1, Nadeem Salamat1, Sohail Nadeem2,3,*, Naeem Ullah2, Mohamed Bechir Ben Hamida4,5,6, Hassan Ali Ghazwani7, Sayed M. Eldin8, A. S. Al-Shafay9

1 Instituite of Mathematics, Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim yar Khan, 64200, Pakistan
2 Department of Mathematics, Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan
3 Department of Mathematics, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, 325035, China
4 College of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), Riyadh, 11564, Saudi Arabia
5 Research Laboratory of Ionized Backgrounds and Reagents Studies (EMIR), Preparatory Institute for Engineering Studies of Monastir (IPEIM), University of Monastir, Monastir, 5060, Tunisia
6 Higher School of Sciences and Technology of Hammam Sousse, Department of Physics, Jazan, 82511, Kingdom of Saudia Arabia
7 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of engineering, Jazan University, P. O. Box 45124, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudia Arabia
8 Center of Research, Faculty of Engineering, Future University in Egypt, New Cairo, 11835, Egypt
9 Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, 16436, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Sohail Nadeem. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Numerical Modeling and Simulations on Non-Newtonian Flow Problems)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2024, 138(2), 1485-1499. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2023.029351

Abstract

This work investigates an oblique stagnation point flow of hybrid nanofluid over a rigid surface with power law fluid as lubricated layers. Copper (Cu) and Silver (Ag) solid particles are used as hybrid particles acting in water H2O as a base fluid. The mathematical formulation of flow configuration is presented in terms of differential system that is nonlinear in nature. The thermal aspects of the flow field are also investigated by assuming the surface is a heated surface with a constant temperature T. Numerical solutions to the governing mathematical model are calculated by the RK45 algorithm. The results based on the numerical solution against various flow and thermal controlling parameters are presented in terms of line graphs. The specific results depict that the heat flux increases over the lubricated-indexed parameter.

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APA Style
Baig, M.N.J., Salamat, N., Nadeem, S., Ullah, N., Hamida, M.B.B. et al. (2024). Flow breakdown of hybrid nanofluid on a rigid surface with power law fluid as lubricated layers. Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 138(2), 1485-1499. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2023.029351
Vancouver Style
Baig MNJ, Salamat N, Nadeem S, Ullah N, Hamida MBB, Ghazwani HA, et al. Flow breakdown of hybrid nanofluid on a rigid surface with power law fluid as lubricated layers. Comput Model Eng Sci. 2024;138(2):1485-1499 https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2023.029351
IEEE Style
M.N.J. Baig et al., "Flow Breakdown of Hybrid Nanofluid on a Rigid Surface with Power Law Fluid as Lubricated Layers," Comput. Model. Eng. Sci., vol. 138, no. 2, pp. 1485-1499. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2023.029351



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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