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Community Workers’ Social Support and Sleep Quality during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Moderated Mediation Model

Guanghui Lei1, Caihong Yang2,#, Yan Ge3,#, Yan Zhang2,*, Yufei Xie4,*, Jianwen Chen2, Jinyang Wu5

1 Center of Student Development Research and Guidance, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, China
2 School of Educational Science, Central China Think Tank, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, China
3 College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, China
4 Department of Orthodontics, Shanghai Xuhui District Dental Disease Prevention and Control Institute, Shanghai, 200032, China
5 Department of Oral and Cranio-maxillofacial Surgery, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology & Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology, National Clinical Research Center of Stomatology, Shanghai, 200011, China

* Corresponding Authors: Yan Zhang. Email: email; Yufei Xie. Email: email
# Caihong Yang and Yan Ge are co-first authors

International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 2021, 23(1), 121-140. https://doi.org/10.32604/IJMHP.2021.013072

Abstract

To explore the relationship between social support and sleep quality of community workers in Wuhan during the coronavirus disease 2019 (the COVID-19 infection epidemic), this research constructed a mediating effect model to explore the mediating psychological mechanism of social support influencing sleep quality of front-line community workers. A total of 500 front-line community workers in Wuhan were investigated. We used the perceived social support scale (PSSS), the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), the perceived stress scale (PSS), and the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) to measure social support, psychological resilience, perceived stress and sleep quality. Specifically, the higher the PSQI, the worse the sleep quality. Pearson correlation structural equation model was used to analyze the relationship between these factors. The results showed that: (1) There was a significant negative correlation between social support, psychological resilience, and perceived stress of community workers and PSQI, that means, the higher the level of social support, psychological resilience, and perceived stress, the higher the sleep quality. (2) Social support positively predicted psychological resilience and perceived stress, and perceived stress negatively predicted PSQI. (3) Social support can affect sleep quality through the mediating role of psychological resilience and perceived stress, and the mediating role includes two paths: the single mediating role of perceived stress and the chain mediating role of psychological resilience-perceived stress. (4) Gender moderates the relationship between social support and perceived stress, and the influence of social support on perceived stress of women is higher than that of men. Gender moderates the relationship between psychological resilience and PSQI, and only women’s psychological resilience had a negatively predictive effect on PSQI, while men did not, which means that psychological resilience of female frontline community workers can positively predict sleep quality. This research reveals the relationship between social support and sleep quality and its mechanism and verifies that social support can indirectly affect physical health through psychological resilience and perceived stress. It provides reference suggestions and intervention guidance for improving the sleep quality of community workers.

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Lei, G., Yang, C., Ge, Y., Zhang, Y., Xie, Y. et al. (2021). Community workers’ social support and sleep quality during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): A moderated mediation model. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 23(1), 121-140. https://doi.org/10.32604/IJMHP.2021.013072
Vancouver Style
Lei G, Yang C, Ge Y, Zhang Y, Xie Y, Chen J, et al. Community workers’ social support and sleep quality during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): A moderated mediation model. Int J Ment Health Promot. 2021;23(1):121-140 https://doi.org/10.32604/IJMHP.2021.013072
IEEE Style
G. Lei et al., "Community Workers’ Social Support and Sleep Quality during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Moderated Mediation Model," Int. J. Ment. Health Promot., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 121-140. 2021. https://doi.org/10.32604/IJMHP.2021.013072



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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