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Associations between Mental Health Outcomes and Adverse Childhood Experiences and Character Strengths among University Students in Southern China

Yulan Yu1,2, Rassamee Chotipanvithayakul3, Hujiao Kuang4, Wit Wichaidit3,*, Chonghua Wan1,2,*

1 The First Dongguan Affiliated Hospital, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan, 523710, China
2 Research Center for Quality of Life and Applied Psychology/Department of Psychology, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan, 523808, China
3 Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, 90110, Thailand
4 Student Mental Health Education and Counseling Center, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan, 523808, China

* Corresponding Authors: Wit Wichaidit. Email: email; Chonghua Wan. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Social Stress, Adversity, and Mental Health in Transitional China)

International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 2023, 25(12), 1343-1351. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2023.043446

Abstract

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can negatively affect mental health, whereas character strengths seem to be positively correlated with mental health. Detailed information on the history of ACEs among university students in China and the extent which mental health is associated with ACEs and character strengths can contribute to the needed empirical evidence for relevant stakeholders. Objectives of this study are 1) to estimate the prevalence of ACEs among undergraduate students in Southern China; and 2) to assess the extent which mental health outcomes (positive growth, well-being, and depression) are associated with ACEs and character strengths among undergraduate students in Southern China. We conducted a self-administered survey among first and second-year students at a university in Southern China and analyzed data using descriptive statistics and linear regression analyses. Among the 779 students who completed the questionnaire, 283 were males, 439 were females, and 57 did not indicate their gender. The prevalence of ACEs among the participants was 32.1%. History of ACEs was associated with lower positive growth score (Adjusted Beta = −0.20; 95% CI = −0.37, −0.02; p = 0.030) and lower well-being score (Adjusted Beta = −1.13; 95% CI = −2.04, −0.23; p = 0.014). Vitality domain of character strength was associated with all three mental health outcomes after adjusting for covariables (all p-values < 0.001). Our study findings provide empirical evidence for stakeholders in university mental health. However, caveats regarding lack of temporality, selection bias, social desirability bias, and lack of generalizability should be considered in the interpretation of the study findings.

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APA Style
Yu, Y., Chotipanvithayakul, R., Kuang, H., Wichaidit, W., Wan, C. (2023). Associations between mental health outcomes and adverse childhood experiences and character strengths among university students in southern china. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 25(12), 1343-1351. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2023.043446
Vancouver Style
Yu Y, Chotipanvithayakul R, Kuang H, Wichaidit W, Wan C. Associations between mental health outcomes and adverse childhood experiences and character strengths among university students in southern china. Int J Ment Health Promot. 2023;25(12):1343-1351 https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2023.043446
IEEE Style
Y. Yu, R. Chotipanvithayakul, H. Kuang, W. Wichaidit, and C. Wan "Associations between Mental Health Outcomes and Adverse Childhood Experiences and Character Strengths among University Students in Southern China," Int. J. Ment. Health Promot., vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 1343-1351. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2023.043446



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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