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Towards Lessening Learners’ Aversive Emotions and Promoting Their Mental Health: Developing and Validating a Measurement of English Speaking Demotivation in the Chinese EFL Context

Chili Li1, Xinxin Zhao2, Ziwen Pan3, Ting Yi4, Long Qian5,6,*

1 School of Foreign Languages, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, 430068, China
2 Faculty of Education, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 999077, China
3 School of Foreign Languages, Henan University, Kaifeng, 450046, China
4 Research Institute of International Chinese Language Education, Beijing Language and Culture University, Beijing, 100083, China
5 Faculty of Humanities, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, 100872, China
6 School of Humanities, Wuhan University of Engineering Science, Wuhan, 430200, China

* Corresponding Author: Long Qian. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Psychological Therapy in Education Contexts: Focusing on Teachers’ and Students’ Mental Health based on Cognitive, Emotional, Social, and Behavioral Factors)

International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 2024, 26(2), 161-175. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2023.029896

Abstract

While a plethora of studies has been conducted to explore demotivation and its impact on mental health in second language (L2) education, scanty research focuses on demotivation in L2 speaking learning. Particularly, little research explores the measures to quantify L2 speaking demotivation. The present two-phase study attempts to develop and validate an English Speaking Demotivation Scale (ESDS). To this end, an independent sample of 207 Chinese tertiary learners of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) participated in the development phase, and another group of 188 Chinese EFL learners was recruited for the validation of the scale. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) were employed to determine the factor structure of the scale. The EFA results revealed a six-factor solution with Teacher-related Factors in Learning Spoken English (TFLSE), Interest and Valence in Learning Spoken English (IVLSE), Self-efficacy in Learning Spoken English (SELSE), Negative Peer Influence in Learning Spoken English (NPILSE), Undesirable Environment for Learning Spoken English (UELSE), and Negative Influence of Assessment and Learning Materials in speaking class (NIALM). In the validation phase, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was performed to validate the internal structure of the scale. The CFA results showed that the model fits the data well. Overall, the ESDS is a robust and trustworthy psychometric tool that could be utilized to examine L2 speaking demotivation. Implications for diminishing EFL learners’ demotivation, lessening their aversive emotions and promoting their mental health are also discussed.

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APA Style
Li, C., Zhao, X., Pan, Z., Yi, T., Qian, L. (2024). Towards lessening learners’ aversive emotions and promoting their mental health: developing and validating a measurement of english speaking demotivation in the chinese EFL context. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 26(2), 161-175. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2023.029896
Vancouver Style
Li C, Zhao X, Pan Z, Yi T, Qian L. Towards lessening learners’ aversive emotions and promoting their mental health: developing and validating a measurement of english speaking demotivation in the chinese EFL context. Int J Ment Health Promot. 2024;26(2):161-175 https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2023.029896
IEEE Style
C. Li, X. Zhao, Z. Pan, T. Yi, and L. Qian "Towards Lessening Learners’ Aversive Emotions and Promoting Their Mental Health: Developing and Validating a Measurement of English Speaking Demotivation in the Chinese EFL Context," Int. J. Ment. Health Promot., vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 161-175. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2023.029896



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