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The Influence of Vulnerable Narcissism on Social Anxiety among Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Self-Concept Clarity and Self-Esteem

Yuetan Wang1,2,*, Xianle Yan1,2, Lili Liu1,2, Xiran Lu1,2, Lan Luo1,2, Xiaobin Ding1,2,*

1 Key Laboratory of Behavioral and Mental Health of Gansu Province, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, 730070, China
2 School of Psychology, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, 730070, China

* Corresponding Authors: Yuetan Wang. Email: email; Xiaobin Ding. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Social Stress, Adversity, and Mental Health in Transitional China)

International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 2024, 26(6), 429-438. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2024.050445

Abstract

Social anxiety (SA) is a prevalent mental health issue among adolescents, and vulnerable narcissism (VN) can exacerbate this condition. This study aims to investigate the impact of vulnerable narcissism on social anxiety in adolescents, specifically focusing on the mediating effects of self-concept clarity (SCC) and self-esteem (SE) in the relationship between vulnerable narcissism and social anxiety. Through cluster sampling, a questionnaire survey was conducted among 982 students from three secondary schools in two provinces. The data was analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM). The results revealed that there was a significant negative correlation between vulnerable narcissism and both self-concept clarity and self-esteem, while there was a significant positive correlation between vulnerable narcissism and social anxiety. Additionally, self-concept clarity showed a significant positive correlation with self-esteem but had a negative correlation with social anxiety. Both self-concept clarity and self-esteem played an intermediary role in the chain linking vulnerable narcissism to social anxiety. This study confirms the mediating role of both self-concept clarity and self-esteem in explaining how vulnerable narcissism influences social anxiety, providing valuable insights into its underlying mechanism.

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APA Style
Wang, Y., Yan, X., Liu, L., Lu, X., Luo, L. et al. (2024). The influence of vulnerable narcissism on social anxiety among adolescents: the mediating role of self-concept clarity and self-esteem. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 26(6), 429-438. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2024.050445
Vancouver Style
Wang Y, Yan X, Liu L, Lu X, Luo L, Ding X. The influence of vulnerable narcissism on social anxiety among adolescents: the mediating role of self-concept clarity and self-esteem. Int J Ment Health Promot. 2024;26(6):429-438 https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2024.050445
IEEE Style
Y. Wang, X. Yan, L. Liu, X. Lu, L. Luo, and X. Ding "The Influence of Vulnerable Narcissism on Social Anxiety among Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Self-Concept Clarity and Self-Esteem," Int. J. Ment. Health Promot., vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 429-438. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2024.050445



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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