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Citizens’ Mental Health Issues and Psychological Trauma Experience due to a Crowd-Crush Disaster in Korea

Yun-Jung Choi1,#,*, Jae-Won Kwak2,#, Hae-In Namgung3

1 Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, 06974, South Korea
2 Graduate School of Nursing and Professions, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, 06974, South Korea
3 Nursing Department, Graduate School of Chung-Ang University, Seoul, 06974, South Korea

* Corresponding Author: Yun-Jung Choi. Email: email

International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 2024, 26(6), 439-447. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2024.050458

Abstract

This study evaluated the state of anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, general mental health, and mental well-being among citizens after a crowd-crush disaster in Korea. Individuals who experienced the crowd crush had significantly higher anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) scores than those who did not (p < 0.001). Additionally, people who avoided the disaster area had significantly higher depression and PTSD scores than those who did not avoid the area (p < 0.001). Those who directly witnessed the Seoul Halloween crowd crush had a significant difference in PTSD levels in either group than those who experienced it indirectly (p = 0.005). There was a significant difference in PTSD scores in cases of direct damage or death of an acquaintance (p < 0.001). The Seoul Halloween crowd crush caused psychological damage through indiscriminate exposure to the public, and symptoms of PTSD appeared over a long period. It is crucial to provide essential resources for ongoing treatment and case management.

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APA Style
Choi, Y., Kwak, J., Namgung, H. (2024). Citizens’ mental health issues and psychological trauma experience due to a crowd-crush disaster in korea. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 26(6), 439-447. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2024.050458
Vancouver Style
Choi Y, Kwak J, Namgung H. Citizens’ mental health issues and psychological trauma experience due to a crowd-crush disaster in korea. Int J Ment Health Promot. 2024;26(6):439-447 https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2024.050458
IEEE Style
Y. Choi, J. Kwak, and H. Namgung "Citizens’ Mental Health Issues and Psychological Trauma Experience due to a Crowd-Crush Disaster in Korea," Int. J. Ment. Health Promot., vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 439-447. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2024.050458



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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