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Empirical Analysis of Neural Networks-Based Models for Phishing Website Classification Using Diverse Datasets

Shoaib Khan, Bilal Khan, Saifullah Jan*, Subhan Ullah, Aiman

Department of Computer Science, City University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan

* Corresponding Author: Saifullah Jan. Email: email

Journal of Cyber Security 2023, 5, 47-66.


Phishing attacks pose a significant security threat by masquerading as trustworthy entities to steal sensitive information, a problem that persists despite user awareness. This study addresses the pressing issue of phishing attacks on websites and assesses the performance of three prominent Machine Learning (ML) models—Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM)—utilizing authentic datasets sourced from Kaggle and Mendeley repositories. Extensive experimentation and analysis reveal that the CNN model achieves a better accuracy of 98%. On the other hand, LSTM shows the lowest accuracy of 96%. These findings underscore the potential of ML techniques in enhancing phishing detection systems and bolstering cybersecurity measures against evolving phishing tactics, offering a promising avenue for safeguarding sensitive information and online security.


Cite This Article

S. Khan, B. Khan, S. Jan, S. Ullah and . Aiman, "Empirical analysis of neural networks-based models for phishing website classification using diverse datasets," Journal of Cyber Security, vol. 5, pp. 47–66, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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