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Changes of inducible nitric oxide synthase in aortic cells during the development of hypertension: Effect of angiotensin II

M. Cruzado, C. Castro, N. Risler, R. Miatello

Cell Culture Laboratory, Departments of Morfophysiology and Pathology. School of Medicine. National University of Cuyo (UNC).

Corresponding Author: Montserrat Cruzado, Laboratorio de Cultivo Celular, Departamentos de Morfofisiology and Patología, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas. Universidad Nacional de Cuyo. Casilla de Correo 33, (5500) Mendoza, ARGENTINA. Tel.: (+54-261) 420 502

BIOCELL 2002, 26(1), 61-67.


Nitric oxide (NO) generation by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), may play a role in blood vessel tone regulation. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced iNOS activity and subsequent nitrite production by cultured aortic VSMC, from SHR with an established chronic blood pressure elevation (adult SHR) or during the period preceding the development of hypertension (young SHR) and from age-matched normotensive Wistar (W) rats were compared. Angiotensin II (Ang II) effect was also evaluated. Both basal LPS-induced iNOS activity and nitrite accumulation were significantly lower in young SHR VSMC compared to young W rat cells. In contrast, adult hypertensive and normotensive rat cells did not differ in NO generation. Besides, young SHR cells exhibited a significant smaller iNOS activity and nitrites than adult SHR cells. After 24h-incubation with Ang II, both variables were markedly reduced in all groups. The proportional reduction of iNOS activity and nitrites by Ang II was not different between hypertensive and normotensive rat cells, at any age. However, this Ang II inhibitory effect was greater in both adult SHR and W cells than in VSMC from young rats. In conclusion, a reduced LPS-induced iNOS activity and NO generation was observed in VSMC form spontaneously hypertensive rats before the raise of blood pressure, but not in adult hypertensive rat cells. Additionally, an inhibitory effect of angiotensin II on these variables is described. We can speculate that the impairment in vascular smooth muscle NO production precedes the development of hypertension in SHR and may play a pathophysiologic role in the early blood pressure elevation in genetically hypertensive rats.


Cite This Article

Cruzado,, M. (2002). Changes of inducible nitric oxide synthase in aortic cells during the development of hypertension: Effect of angiotensin II. BIOCELL, 26(1), 61–67.


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