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Leaf surfaces of Gomphrena spp. (Amaranthaceae) from Cerrado biome

SUZANE MARGARET FANK-DE-CARVALHO, MISLÉIA RODRIGUES DE AGUIAR GOMES, PEDRO ÍTALO TANNO SILVA, SÔNIA NAIR BÁO

Departamento de Biologia Celular, Laboratório de Microscopia Eletrônica, Universidade de Brasília, Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas. CEP 70919-970, Brasília/DF, Brasil.

*Address correspondence to: Sônia Nair Báo. E-mail: email

BIOCELL 2010, 34(1), 23-36. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2010.34.023

Abstract

The leaf structure and micromorphology characterize plant species and reflex its interactions with the environment. Leaf epidermis sculptures aid high transpiration plants on light reflection. The form and distribution of epicuticular wax crystalloids are important to characterize the surface. Aiming to know the micromorphology and the ultrastructure of G. arborescens, G. pohlii and G. virgata, leaves of these Cerrado native species were collected in Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil, at the Olympic Center of the Universidade de Brasília and at Reserva Ecológica do Roncador. Leaves of G. globosa, an Indian native species, were also studied for comparison. Leaves were fractionated, fixed and treated for observation under optical and scanning electron microscope. A description of the leaf epidermis is provided, along with some quantitative data to help the species taxonomy and support future studies on their physiology: all species are amphistomatic and have Stomatal Index between 7.27 and 18.99. The Gomphrena spp. studied have epicuticular wax platelets and wax sculptures over their larger trichome, which are relevant for their taxonomy. Over the Cerrado species cuticle, epicuticular wax is damaged by fungi hyphae development. The presence of epicuticular wax on Gomphrena spp. leaves corroborates the phylogenetical alliance between Amaranthaceae and Chenopodiaceae.

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APA Style
FANK-DE-CARVALHO, S.M., GOMES, M.R.D.A., SILVA, P.Í.T., BÁO, S.N. (2010). Leaf surfaces of gomphrena spp. (amaranthaceae) from cerrado biome. BIOCELL, 34(1), 23-36. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2010.34.023
Vancouver Style
FANK-DE-CARVALHO SM, GOMES MRDA, SILVA PÍT, BÁO SN. Leaf surfaces of gomphrena spp. (amaranthaceae) from cerrado biome. BIOCELL . 2010;34(1):23-36 https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2010.34.023
IEEE Style
S.M. FANK-DE-CARVALHO, M.R.D.A. GOMES, P.Í.T. SILVA, and S.N. BÁO "Leaf surfaces of Gomphrena spp. (Amaranthaceae) from Cerrado biome," BIOCELL , vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 23-36. 2010. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2010.34.023

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cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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