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Effects of precipitation changes on the dynamics of sparse elm woodland in Northeastern China

Yi TANG1,*, Carlos Alberto BUSSO2

1 School of Life Science, Liaoning University, No. 66 Chongshan Road, Shenyang (C.P. 110036), Liaoning Province, China.
2 Departamento de Agronomía-CERZOS (CONICET), Universidad Nacional del Sur, 8000 Bahía Blanca, Argentina.

* Corresponding Author:* Address correspondance to: Yi Tang, email

BIOCELL 2018, 42(2), 61-66. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2018.07015

Abstract

Elm (Ulmus pumila L.) is the dominant tree species in the sparse elm woodland, the original vegetation in the Horqin Sandy Land. The effects of changes in precipitation on U. pumila trees have not been fully studied. We determined a dynamic model by considering the five stages in the U. pumila life cycle, i.e. seed, seedling, and juvenile, mature and over-mature tree stages. The effects of changes in precipitation on population density and age structure were then evaluated. Population density, after averaging all study developmental morphology stages, ranged from 16.67 individuals/m2 to 25.01 individuals/m2 under a mean annual precipitation (MAP) of 80% to 120%, respectively. This suggests that population density could increase as MAP also increased. The proportion of seedlings, and juvenile, mature and over-mature trees were 95.23%, 4.58%, 0.19% and 0.01%, respectively, under all precipitation levels. This indicates that precipitation had little effects on the developmental stages of the studied U. pumila populations in the Horqin Sandy Land. Additional water supply might be provided in addition to the natural rainfall that occurs in the region, for contributing to maintain U. pumila population density in the Horqin Sandy Land.

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TANG, Y., BUSSO, C. A. (2018). Effects of precipitation changes on the dynamics of sparse elm woodland in Northeastern China. BIOCELL, 42(2), 61–66. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2018.07015



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