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Oxidative effects of the harmful algal blooms on primary organisms of the food web

Joaquin Cabrera1,2, Paula Mariela González1,2, Susana Puntarulo1,2

1 Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Fisicoquímica. Buenos Aires, Argentina
2 CONICET-Universidad de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Bioquímica y Medicina Molecular (IBIMOL). Buenos Aires, Argentina

* Address correspondence to: Susana Puntarulo,

BIOCELL 2019, 43(2), 41-50.


Degraded water quality from nutrient pollution, physical, biological, and other chemical factors contributes to the development and persistence of many harmful algal blooms (HABs). The complex dynamics of the HABs is a challenge to marine ecosystems for the toxic effects reported. The consequences include fish, bird, and mammal mortality, respiratory or digestive tract problems, memory loss, seizures, lesions and skin irritation in many organisms. This review is intended to briefly summarize the recent reported information on harmful marine toxin deleterious effects over the primary organisms of the food web, namely algae, zooplankton and invertebrates. Special focus is made on oxidative stress status of cells and tissues. Even though in situ field research is less controlled than laboratory studies, in which the organisms are directly exposed to the toxins under consideration, both types of approaches are required to fully understand such a complex scenario. On top of that, the contribution of the increasing water temperatures in the sea, as a consequence of the global climate change, will be addressed as a topic for further studies, to evaluate the effect on regulating algal growth, species composition, trophic structure, metabolic stress and function of aquatic ecosystems.


Cite This Article

Cabrera, J., González, P. M., Puntarulo, S. (2019). Oxidative effects of the harmful algal blooms on primary organisms of the food web. BIOCELL, 43(2), 41–50.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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