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XRCC1 Arg399Gln and Arg194Trp polymorphisms regulate XRCC1 expression and chemoresistance of non-small cell lung cancer cells

Dairong LI1, Xianlu ZHUO1,2, Lumi HUANG1, Xiaohui JI1, Donglin WANG1
1 Chongqing University Cancer Hospital & Chongqing Cancer Institute & Chongqing Cancer Hospital, Chongqing, 400030, China
2 Postdoctoral Scientific Research Station, Chongqing Cancer Institute, Chongqing, 400030, China
* Address correspondence to: Dairong Li,

BIOCELL 2019, 43(3), 139-144. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2019.06460

Abstract

X-ray repair cross-complementing protein 1 (XRCC1) could repair cisplatin-induced DNA damage. XRCC1 Arg399Gln and Arg194Trp variants alter XRCC1 expression and function, leading to changes in cancer sensitivity to cisplatin treatment. This study aimed to investigate the effects of XRCC1 Arg399Gln and Arg194Trp polymorphisms on cell viability, apoptosis and XRCC1 expression in cisplatin-sensitive A549 and cisplatin-resistant A549/DDP nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. Plasmids carrying XRCC1 Arg399Gln and Arg194Trp were constructed and transfected into A549 and A549/DDP cells. RT–PCR, Western blot, MTT assay, and flow cytometry analysis were performed to assess cell viability, apoptosis, and XRCC1 expression. Compared to control cells, the viability of A549 and A549/DDP cells transfected with XRCC1 Arg399Gln and Arg194Trp was higher and the apoptosis rate was lower, and XRCC1 mRNA and protein expression levels were significantly higher. In conclusion, our results suggest that XRCC1 Arg399Gln and Arg194Trp polymorphisms change XRCC1 expression in NSCLC cells and alter the sensitivity of NSCLC to cisplatin-based chemotherapy

Keywords

Chemoresistance, Non-small-cell lung cancer, SNP, XRCC1

Cite This Article

LI, D., ZHUO, X., HUANG, L., JI, X., WANG, D. (2019). XRCC1 Arg399Gln and Arg194Trp polymorphisms regulate XRCC1 expression and chemoresistance of non-small cell lung cancer cells. BIOCELL, 43(3), 139–144.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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