Table of Content

Open Access

ARTICLE

HMGB1 promotes the proliferation and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma via activating epithelial-mesenchymal transformation

Jie REN1, Qian LIANG2
1 Department of Stomatology, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China
2 The Stomatology Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China
* Address correspondence to: Jie Ren,

BIOCELL 2019, 43(3), 199-206. https://doi.org/ 10.32604/biocell.2019.07128

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the role of high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma; HMGB1 promoted the proliferation and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma via activating epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT). In this study, RNA transfection was used to silence the expression of HMGB1 in oral squamous cell carcinoma cells. CCK-8, cell clone formation and trans-well assays were used to detect the proliferation and invasion of cells before and after HMGB1 silencing. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect changes in EMT marker protein expression before and after transfection. HMGB1 was significantly higher in OSCC tissues than in adjacent tissues, and of the cell lines examined, HMGB1 was highest in SCC-9 cells. Additionally, HMGB1 silencing decreased SCC-9 cell proliferation and viability. Down-regulation of HMBG1 expression inhibited not only the proliferation but also the invasion of SCC-9 cells. The expression of N-cadherin, Snail, and Slug, but not E-cadherin, were promoted after silencing HMGB1. The expression of HMGB1 in OSCC tissue and cell lines was higher, and HMGB1 silencing decreased SCC-9 cell proliferation and invasion, suggesting that HMGB1 has positive effects on OSCC development. Down-regulation of HMBG1 expression regulates EMT markers, suggesting that HMBG1 promotes OSCC cell proliferation and invasion is likely to be associated with EMT activation.

Keywords

EMT, HMGB1, Invasion, OSCC, Proliferation

Cite This Article

REN, J., LIANG, Q. (2019). HMGB1 promotes the proliferation and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma via activating epithelial-mesenchymal transformation. BIOCELL, 43(3), 199–206.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 2901

    View

  • 1208

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link

WeChat scan