Vol.44, No.4, 2020, pp.683-694, doi:10.32604/biocell.2020.011713
OPEN ACCESS
REVIEW
Progresses of mycobacteriophage-based Mycobacterium tuberculosis detection
  • ZICHEN LIU1,#, SIYAO GUO2,3,#, MENGZHI JI1, KAILI SUN1, ZHONGFANG LI4,*, XIANGYU FAN1,*
1 School of Biological Science and Technology, University of Jinan, Jinan, 250022, China
2 Nanyang Technological University Food Technology Centre (NAFTEC), 637459, Singapore
3 School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 637459, Singapore
4 College of Food and Bioengineering, Hezhou University, Hezhou, 542899, China
* Address correspondence to: Xiangyu Fan, ; Zhongfang Li,
# These authors contributed equally to this work.
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Bacteriophage Biology and Biotechnology)
Received 25 May 2020; Accepted 18 August 2020; Issue published 24 December 2020
Abstract
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly in developing countries. A rapid and efficient method for TB diagnosis is indispensable to check the trend of tuberculosis expansion. The emergence of drug-resistant bacteria has increased the challenge of rapid drug resistance tests. Due to its high specificity and sensitivity, bacteriophage-based diagnosis is intensively pursued. In this review, we mainly described mycobacteriophage-based diagnosis in TB detection, especially two prevalent approaches: fluorescent reporter phage and phage amplified biologically assay (PhaB). The rationale of reporter phage is that phage carrying fluorescent genes can infect host bacteria specifically. Phage amplified biological assay based on the principle that phages can infect the live Mycobacterium tuberculosis< in the specimen under suitable conditions and produce plaques. Other phage-based diagnostic methods, such as a combination of the amplified biologically assay and nucleic acid amplification or lateral flow assays, are also actively explored. This review will help us improve the understanding of mycobacteriophages in TB detection and better promote the development of the rapid diagnosis of M. tuberculosis.
Keywords
Mycobacteriophage, Tuberculosis, Diagnosis, Reporter phage, Phage amplified biologically assay
Cite This Article
LIU, Z., GUO, S., JI, M., SUN, K., LI, Z. et al. (2020). Progresses of mycobacteriophage-based Mycobacterium tuberculosis detection. BIOCELL, 44(4), 683–694.
Citations
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