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A comparative pattern of lectin-binding in the endometrial glands of the uterus and placenta of healthy buffaloes and bovines at early gestation

SERGIO GASTÓN CASPE1, JOSÉ LUIS KONRAD2, DADIN PRANDO MOORE3, JUAN MANUEL SALA1, LILIAN LISCHINSKY3, CARLOS MANUEL CAMPERO3, CLAUDIO GUSTAVO BARBEITO4,*

1 Laboratory of Pathology, Experimental Station Mercedes, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Corrientes, 3470, Argentina
2 Laboratory of Theriogenology, School of Veterinary Sciences, Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, W3402BKG, Argentina
3 Animal Health Group, Experimental Station Balcarce, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Balcarce, B7620EMA, Argentina
4 Laboratory of Histology and Embryology, School of Veterinary Sciences, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, 1900, Argentina

* Address correspondence to: Claudio Gustavo Barbeito, email

BIOCELL 2021, 45(2), 331-337. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2021.010701

Abstract

Water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and domestic cattle (Bos taurus) are closely related species. However, embryo transfer interspecies has been attempted without any success. The failure in hybrid embryo-implantation is associated with the glycocode in the maternal-fetal interface. Glycosylation patterns have been studied in different species of ruminants; however, in B. bubalis, only the binucleated cells (BNC) have been analyzed. This glycocode is essential for a successful embryo-implantation and can be defined by Lectin-Histochemistry (LHC). The aim of this study is to compare the glycosylation pattern of placenta and uterus in water buffaloes and cattle by LHC. Tissue samples of placenta and uterus from pregnant Mediterranean female water buffaloes (Buf1) and Angus cows (Bov1) were analyzed. All animals were euthanized at 98 days of gestation. LHC was carried out using twelve lectins (Con A, LCA, PSA, sWGA, PHA-e, SBA, UEA-1, WGA, RCA-1, PNA, DBA, BSA-1). The intensity of lectin binding was semiquantitatively scored using a scale of 0 (negative) to 3 (strongly positive). Difference between species was found in trophoblast layer by PSA, SWGA, PNA and BSA-1, in BNC, and in the mononuclear cells by LCA, PSA, PHA-e, DBA, BSA-1, PNA. In utero, differences in the apical cellular membrane and the secretion of glands were identified by DBA and RCA-1, and in the cytoplasm of those glandular epithelial cells by PHA-e, BSA-1, WGA, and SBA. In both species, BNC presented a strong positive reaction with DBA and SBA, a moderate response by LCA, PHA-e, BSA-1 and PNA lectin, and a low reaction by PSA, UEA-1, SWGA, WGA, Con A and RCA-1. The results found in this study suggest that although both species are closely related, glycosylation patterns in the placenta and uterus are different, thus providing a possible reason for embryo transfer not being possible between these species.

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CASPE, S. G., KONRAD, J. L., MOORE, D. P., SALA, J. M., LISCHINSKY, L. et al. (2021). A comparative pattern of lectin-binding in the endometrial glands of the uterus and placenta of healthy buffaloes and bovines at early gestation. BIOCELL, 45(2), 331–337.



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