Vol.45, No.4, 2021, pp.885-899, doi:10.32604/biocell.2021.012938
Integrated analysis of human influenza A (H1N1) virus infectionrelated genes to construct a suitable diagnostic model
State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Infectious Diseases, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310003, China
* Address correspondence to: Hongyan Diao,
Received 19 July 2020; Accepted 26 November 2020; Issue published 22 April 2021
The genome characteristics and structural functions of coding proteins correlate with the genetic diversity of the H1N1 virus, which aids in the understanding of its underlying pathogenic mechanism. In this study, analyses of the characteristic of the H1N1 virus infection-related genes, their biological functions, and infection-related reversal drugs were performed. Additionally, we used multi-dimensional bioinformatics analysis to identify the key genes and then used these to construct a diagnostic model for the H1N1 virus infection. There was a total of 169 differently expressed genes in the samples between 21 h before infection and 77 h after infection. They were used during the protein– protein interaction (PPI) analysis, and we obtained a total of 1725 interacting genes. Then, we performed a weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) on these genes, and we identified three modules that showed significant potential for the diagnosis of the H1N1 virus infection. These modules contained 60 genes, and they were used to construct this diagnostic model, which showed an effective prediction value. Besides, these 60 genes were involved in the biological functions of this infectious virus, like the cellular response to type I interferon and in the negative regulation of the viral life cycle. However, 20 genes showed an upregulated expression as the infection progressed. Other 36 upregulated genes were used to examine the relationship between genes, human influenza A virus, and infection-related reversal drugs. This study revealed numerous important reversal drug molecules on the H1N1 virus. They included rimantadine, interferons, and shikimic acid. Our study provided a novel method to analyze the characteristic of different genes and explore their corresponding biological function during the infection caused by the H1N1 virus. This diagnostic model, which comprises 60 genes, shows that a significant predictive value can be the potential biomarker for the diagnosis of the H1N1 virus infection.
Human influenza A, H1N1 virus, Gene, Diagnosis model
Cite This Article
CHEN, W., BI, K., JIANG, J., ZHANG, X., DIAO, H. (2021). Integrated analysis of human influenza A (H1N1) virus infectionrelated genes to construct a suitable diagnostic model. BIOCELL, 45(4), 885–899.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.