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Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and its mechanisms against plant diseases for sustainable agriculture and better productivity

PRANAB DUTTA1,*, GOMATHY MUTHUKRISHNAN2,*, SABARINATHAN KUTALINGAM GOPALASUBRAMAIAM2, RAJAKUMAR DHARMARAJ2, ANANTHI KARUPPAIAH3, KARTHIBA LOGANATHAN4, KALAISELVI PERIYASAMY5, M. ARUMUGAM PILLAI2, GK UPAMANYA6, SARODEE BORUAH7, LIPA DEB1, ARTI KUMARI1, MADHUSMITA MAHANTA1, PUNABATI HEISNAM8, AK MISHRA9

1 School of Crop Protection, Central Agricultural University (Imphal), Umiam, India
2 Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Koyingbatore, India
3 Department of Crop physiology, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Koyingbatore, India
4 Departments of Pulses, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Koyingbatore, India
5 Department of Environmental Sciences, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Koyingbatore, India
6 Department of Plant pathology, Assam Agricultural University, Dhubri, India
7 KVK-Tinsukia, Assam Agricultural University, Tinsukia, India
8 Department of Plant Pathology, Central Agricultural University (Imphal), Pasighat, India
9 Department of Plant Pathology, Dr Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Bihar, India

* Corresponding Authors: PRANAB DUTTA. Email: email; GOMATHY MUTHUKRISHNAN. Email: email

BIOCELL 2022, 46(8), 1843-1859. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2022.019291

Abstract

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are specialized bacterial communities inhabiting the root rhizosphere and the secretion of root exudates helps to, regulate the microbial dynamics and their interactions with the plants. These bacteria viz., Agrobacterium, Arthobacter, Azospirillum, Bacillus, Burkholderia, Flavobacterium, Pseudomonas, Rhizobium, etc., play important role in plant growth promotion. In addition, such symbiotic associations of PGPRs in the rhizospheric region also confer protection against several diseases caused by bacterial, fungal and viral pathogens. The biocontrol mechanism utilized by PGPR includes direct and indirect mechanisms direct PGPR mechanisms include the production of antibiotic, siderophore, and hydrolytic enzymes, competition for space and nutrients, and quorum sensing whereas, indirect mechanisms include rhizomicrobiome regulation via. secretion of root exudates, phytostimulation through the release of phytohormones viz., auxin, cytokinin, gibberellic acid, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate and induction of systemic resistance through expression of antioxidant defense enzymes viz., phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), peroxidase (PO), polyphenyloxidases (PPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), chitinase and β-glucanases. For the suppression of plant diseases potent bio inoculants can be developed by modulating the rhizomicrobiome through rhizospheric engineering. In addition, understandings of different strategies to improve PGPR strains, their competence, colonization efficiency, persistence and its future implications should also be taken into consideration.


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DUTTA, P., MUTHUKRISHNAN, G., GOPALASUBRAMAIAM, S. K., DHARMARAJ, R., KARUPPAIAH, A. et al. (2022). Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and its mechanisms against plant diseases for sustainable agriculture and better productivity. BIOCELL, 46(8), 1843–1859.



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