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Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid metagenomic next-generation sequencing assay for identifying pathogens in lung cancer patients

JIYU WANG1,2, HUIXIA LI1,2, DEYUAN ZHOU1,2, LIHONG BAI1,2, KEJING TANG1,2,3,*

1 Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China
2 Institute of Pulmonary Diseases, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China
3 Department of Pharmacy, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China

* Corresponding Author: KEJING TANG. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Bioinformatics Study of Diseases)

BIOCELL 2024, 48(4), 623-637. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2024.030420

Abstract

Background: For patients with lung cancer, timely identification of new lung lesions as infectious or non-infectious, and accurate identification of pathogens is very important in improving OS of patients. As a new auxiliary examination, metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) is believed to be more accurate in diagnosing infectious diseases in patients without underlying diseases, compared with conventional microbial tests (CMTs). We designed this study to find out whether mNGS has better performance in distinguishing infectious and non-infectious diseases in lung cancer patients using bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Materials and Methods: This study was a real-world retrospective review based on electronic medical records of lung cancer patients with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and BALF commercial mNGS testing as part of clinical care from 1 April 2019 through 30 April 2022 at The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. 164 patients were included in this study. Patients were categorized into the pulmonary non-infectious disease (PNID) group (n = 64) and the pulmonary infectious disease (PID) group (n = 100) groups based on final diagnoses. Results: BALF mNGS increased the sensitivity rate by 60% compared to CMTs (81% vs. 21%, p < 0.05), whereas there was no significant difference in specificity (75% vs. 98.4%, p > 0.1). Among the patients with PID, bacteria were the most common cause of infection. Fungal infections occurred in 32% of patients, and Pneumocystis Yersini was most common. Patients with Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) therapy possess longer overall survival (OS) than other anti-cancer agents, the difference between TKIs and immuno-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) was insignificant (median OS TKIs vs. ICIs vs. Anti-angiogenic vs. Chemo vs. Radiotherapy = 76 vs. 84 vs. 61 vs. 58 vs. 60). Conclusions: our study indicates that BALF mNGS can add value by improving overall sensitivity in lung cancer patients with potential pulmonary infection, and was outstanding in identifying Pneumocystis infection. It could be able to help physicians adjust the follow-up treatment to avoid the abuse of antibiotics.

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APA Style
WANG, J., LI, H., ZHOU, D., BAI, L., TANG, K. (2024). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid metagenomic next-generation sequencing assay for identifying pathogens in lung cancer patients. BIOCELL, 48(4), 623-637. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2024.030420
Vancouver Style
WANG J, LI H, ZHOU D, BAI L, TANG K. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid metagenomic next-generation sequencing assay for identifying pathogens in lung cancer patients. BIOCELL . 2024;48(4):623-637 https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2024.030420
IEEE Style
J. WANG, H. LI, D. ZHOU, L. BAI, and K. TANG "Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid metagenomic next-generation sequencing assay for identifying pathogens in lung cancer patients," BIOCELL , vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 623-637. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2024.030420



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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